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Pseudocerastes fieldi SCHMIDT, 1930

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesField's Horned Viper 
SynonymPseudocerastes fieldi SCHMIDT 1930: 227
Vipera persica fieldi MARX & RABB 1965
Pseudocerastes persicus fieldi ARNOLD & GALLAGHER 1977
Pseudocerastes persicus fieldi — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Pseudocerastes persicus fieldi — WELCH 1994: 103
Pseudocerastes persicus fieldi — LEHMANN 1982
Daboia persica fieldi — OBST 1983: 233
Pseudocerastes persicus fieldi — SINDACO et al. 2006 
DistributionIsrael, Egypt, Sinai, Jordan, SW Iraq, SW Iran, Saudi Arabia, Syria

Type locality: Ayn Bair, Jordan. “Transjordania, Bair Wells” according to MARX 1958. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: FMNH 11061 
CommentVenomous!

Distribution: A record from Lebanon (Harding and Welch 1980) must be disregarded.

Considered as subspecies of P. persicus by Leviton et al. and other authors (Golay et al. 1993 etc.).

Probably the main external morphological difference between P. persicus and P. fieldi is that the scale rows of P. persicus are all strongly keeled, whereas in P. fieldi several lateral rows are nearly smooth and the outer rows are entirely without keels. Pseudocerastes fieldi also has a significantly shorter tail (after BOSTANCHI et al. 2006). 
References
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Bostanchi, Hamid; Anderson, Steven C.; Kami, Hagi Gholi; Papenfuss, Theodore J. 2006. A new species of Pseudocerastes with elaborate tail ornamentation from Western Iran (Squamata: Viperidae). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 57 (14):443-450.
  • Corkill, N. L. and Cochrane, J. A. 1966. The snakes of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 62 (3): 475-506 (1965)
  • Egan, D. 2007. Snakes of Arabia. Motivate Publishing, Dubai, 208 pp.
  • Fathinia, Behzad and Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani 2010. On the Species of Pseudocerastes (Ophidia: Viperidae) in Iran. Russian Journal of Herpetology 17 (4): 275-279 - get paper here
  • GHOLAMIFARD, Ali; Hamid Reza ESMAEILI 2010. First record and range extension of Field's horned viper, Pseudocerastes fieldi Schmidt, 1930 (Squamata: Viperidae), from Fars province, southern Iran. Turkish Journal of Zoology 34: 551-552 - get paper here
  • Latifi, M. 2000. The Snakes of Iran. 3rd Persian ed. (In Farsi) Tehran, Iran. 478 pp
  • Lehmann, M. 1982. Pseudocerastes persicus fieldi (SCHMIDT) im Terrarium. Herpetofauna 4 (21): 20-22 - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Marx, H. & G.B. RABB 1965. Relationships and zoogeography of the viperine snakes (Family Viperidae). Fieldiana: Zoology 44 (21): 161-206 - get paper here
  • Marx,H. 1958. Catalogue of type specimens of reptiles and amphibians in Chicago Natural History Museum. Fieldiana Zool. 36: 407-496 - get paper here
  • Moravec, J.; Modry, D. 1994. On the occurrence of Cyrtodactylus heterocercus mardinensis and Pseudocerastes persicus fieldi in Syria Zoology in the Middle East 10: 53-56 - get paper here
  • Obst,F.J. 1983. Zur Kenntnis der Schlangengattung Vipera. Zool. Abh. staatl. Mus. Tierkunde Dresden 38: 229-235
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT A 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics4 (1): 7-30
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1930. Reptiles of Marshall Field North Arabian Desert Expedition, 1927-1928. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. xvii: 221-230 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Southwestern Asia. Publ. Field Mus. nat. Hist., zool. Ser., 24: 49-92 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R.; Serra, G. & Menegon, M. 2006. New data on the Syrian herpetofauna with a newly-recorded species of snake. Zoology of the Middle-East 37: 29-38 - get paper here
  • Weima, André 2013. Giftschlangen verantwortungsvoll pflegen Terraria Elaphe 2013 (6): 18-23
 
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