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Pseudoeryx plicatilis (LINNAEUS, 1758)

IUCN Red List - Pseudoeryx plicatilis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesPseudoeryx plicatilis mimeticus COPE 1885
Pseudoeryx plicatilis plicatilis (LINNAEUS 1758) 
Common NamesSouth American Pond Snake 
SynonymColuber plicatilis LINNAEUS 1758: 217
Cerastes plicatilis — LAURENTI 1768: 81
Elaps plicatilis — SCHNEIDER 1801: 294
Natrix plicatilis — MERREM 1820: 99
Pseudoeryx Daudinii FITZINGER 1826: 55
Homalopsis plicatilis — BOIE 1827: 523
Helicops plicatilis — WAGLER 1830: 171
Pseuderyx plicatilis — FITZINGER 1843: 25 (unjustified emendation)
Dimades plicatilis — GRAY 1849: 76
Calopisma plicatile — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 344
Dimades plicatilis — KOSLOWSKY 1898
Pseudoeryx plicatilis ecuadorensis MERTENS 1965
Pseudoeryx plicatilis — STARACE 1998: 233
Pseudoeryx plicatilis — KORNACKER 1999: 127
Pseudoeryx plicatilis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 601

Pseudoeryx plicatilis plicatilis (LINNAEUS 1758)
Coluber plicatilis LINNAEUS 1758
Pseudoeryx plicatilis FITZINGER 1826: 55
Pseudoeryx daudinii FITZINGER 1826: 55
Dimades plicatilis — BOULENGER 1894
Pseudoeryx plicatilis var. anomalepis BOCOURT 1895: 804
Hydrops lehmanni DUNN 1944: 71 (fide ROZE 1957)
Pseudoeryx plicatilis plicatilis — HOGE & MARANHAO 1964
Pseudoeryx plicatilis plicatilis — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 255
Pseudoeryx plicatilis plicatilis — GASC & RODRIGUES 1980
Pseudoeryx plicatilis plicatilis — CEI 1993
Pseudoeryx plicatilis plicatilis — SCARTOZZONI et al. 2010

Pseudoeryx plicatilis mimeticus COPE 1885
Pseudoeryx mimeticus COPE 1885: 94
Pseudoeryx mimeticus — ROZE 1957: 23
Pseudoeryx plicatilis mimeticus — HOGE 1964: 82
Pseudoeryx plicatilis mimeticus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 255
Pseuderyx mimeticus — MALNATE 1971: 369 (in error)
Pseudoeryx plicatilis mimeticus — SCARTOZZONI et al. 2010 
DistributionColombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru,
Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Bolivia, Paraguay, N Argentina (Corrientes, Chaco, Formosa, Misiones), Brazil (Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Acre, Amapá, Roraima, Pará, Rondonia, Amazonas, Maranhão)

Type locality: “Ternataeis”

mimeticus: Bolivia; Type locality: Bolivia, Rio Mamoré.  
Reproductionoviparous (Braz et al. 2016) 
TypesHolotype: NRM 57
Holotype: ANSP 11298 [mimeticus]
 
CommentSynonymy after ROZE 1957, CEI 1993, DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854 (plicatilis) and PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970 (mimeticus).

Type species: Pseudoeryx Daudinii FITZINGER 1826 is the type species of the genus Pseudoeryx FITZINGER 1826: 55. Roze 1957 provides a diagnosis of the genus, but SCHARGEL et al. (2007) provide a revised diagnosis of the genus. Coluber plicatilis LINNAEUS 1758 is the type species of the genus Dimades GRAY1849, now a synonym of Pseudoeryx.

Distribution: for a map and localities see Scartozzoni et al. 2010. 
References
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  • Bernarde, Paulo Sérgio;, Reginaldo Assêncio Machado & Luiz Carlos Batista Turci 2011. Herpetofauna da área do Igarapé Esperança na Reserva Extrativista Riozinho da Liberdade, Acre – Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 11 (3): 117-144 - get paper here
  • Bocourt, M. E. 1873. In: A. Duméril, M. F. Bocourt, and F. Mocquard, (1870-1909), Etudes sur les reptiles, p. i-xiv; In Recherches Zoologiques pour servir a l'Histoire de Ia Faune de l'Amérique Centrale et du Mexique. Mission Scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amérique Ce Imprimerie Impériale, Paris, Livr. 2-15, pp. 33-860. - get paper here
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  • Braz, Henrique B.; Rodrigo R. Scartozzoni, Selma M. Almeida-Santos 2016. Reproductive modes of the South American water snakes: A study system for the evolution of viviparity in squamate reptiles Zoologischer Anzeiger 263: 33-44; doi:10.1016/j.jcz.2016.04.003 - get paper here
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  • Fitzinger, L. 1826. Neue Classification der Reptilien nach ihren natürlichen Verwandtschaften nebst einer Verwandschafts-Tafel und einem Verzeichnisse der Reptilien-Sammlung des K. K. Zoologischen Museums zu Wien. J. G. Heubner, Wien, 66 pp. - get paper here
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  • Mertens, R. 1965. Zur Kenntnis der neotropischen Natterngattung Pseudoeryx. Senckenbergiana biologica 46(4): 279-285
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  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
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  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Roze, J. A. 1957. Notas sobre Hydrops lehmanni Dunn, 1944, y los generos neotropicales: Pseudoeryx, Hydrops y Helicops (Colubridae). Acta Biologica Venezuelica 2 (3): 17-26
  • Scartozzoni, R.R.; Trevine, V.C. & Germano, V.J. 2010. Reptilia, Squamata, Serpentes, Dipsadidae, Pseudoeryx plicatilis (Linnaeus, 1758): New records and geographic distribution map. Check List 6 (4): 534-537 - get paper here
  • Schargel, W.E.; Rivas Fuenmayor, G.; Barros, T.R.; Péfaur, J.E. & Navarette, L.F. 2007. A new aquatic snake (Colubridae: Pseudoeryx) from the Lake Maracaibo Basin, Nothwestern Venezuela: a relic of the past course of the Orinoco River. Herpetologica 63 (2): 235-244 - get paper here
  • Starace, Fausto 1998. Guide des Serpents et Amphisbènes de Guyane. IBIS Rouge Editions, Guadeloupe, Guyane, 450 pp.
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  • Williams, Kenneth L. 1968. An additional record of Pseudoeryx plicatilis ecuadorensis from Ecuador. Journal of Herpetology 1 (1-4): 104-105 - get paper here
 
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