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Pseudoficimia frontalis (COPE, 1864)

IUCN Red List - Pseudoficimia frontalis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesFalse Ficimia 
SynonymToluca frontalis COPE 1864: 167
Pseudoficimia pulchra BOCOURT 1883 (fide COPE 1885)
Ficimia frontalis — GARMAN 1884: 82
Geagras frontalis — COPE 1885: 177
Pseudoficimia pulcherrima TAYLOR & SMITH 1942
Pseudoficimia hiltoni BOGERT & OLIVER 1945: 375
Pseudoficimia pulcherrima — SCHMIDT 1947
Pseudoficimia frontalis — ZWEIFEL 1959
Pseudoficimia frontalis — LINER 1994
Pseudoficimia frontalis — LINER 2007
Pseudoficimia frontalis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 602 
DistributionMexico (Jalisco, Colima, Sinaloa, SW Durango, Nayarit, Jalisco, Guanajuato, Colima, W Michoacán, S México, Morelos, Guerrero, Puebla, Sonora), 0-1100 m elevation.

Type locality: “Colima" [= State, western México].  
TypesLectotype, USNM 31425 (orig. 1363), a 502 mm female (J. Xanthus), designated by Hardy, 1972: 58. 
CommentSynonymy: Pseudoficimia hiltoni BOGERT & OLIVER 1945 was synonymized with Pseudoficimia frontalis by HARDY & MCDIARMID 1969.

Type species: Toluca frontalis COPE 1864: 167 is the type species of the genus Pseudoficimia BOCOURT 1883. 
  • Bocourt, M. F. 1883. In A. Duméril, M. F. Bocourt, and F. Mocquard, (1870-1909), Etudes sur les reptiles, p. i-xiv, 1-1012. In Recherches Zoologiques pour servir a l'Histoire de Ia Faune de l'Amérique Centrale et du Mexique. Mission Scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amér Imprimerie Impériale, Paris - get paper here
  • Bogert, Charles M.; Oliver, James A. 1945. A preliminary analysis of the herpetofauna of Sonora. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 83 (6): 297-426
  • Castro-Franco, Rubén, María Guasalupe Bustos-Zagal 1994. List of reptiles of Morelos, Mexico, and their distribution in relation to vegetation types. Southwestern Naturalist 39 (2): 171-175 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1864. Contributions to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 16: 166-181. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. Twelfth contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 167-194 [1884] - get paper here
  • Enderson, Erik F.; Thomas R. Van Devender, Robert L. Bezy 2014. Amphibians and reptiles of Yécora, Sonora and the Madrean Tropical Zone of the Sierra Madre Occidental in northwestern Mexico. Check List 10 (4): 913-926 - get paper here
  • Garman,Samuel 1884. The reptiles and batrachians of North America. Mem. Mus. comp. Zool, Cambridge (Massachusetts), 8 (3): xxxiv + 185 pp. [1883] [CNAH reprint 10] - get paper here
  • Hardy, L. M. 1970. Intersexuality in a Mexican colubrid snake (Pseudoficimia). Herpetologica 26 (3): 336-343 - get paper here
  • Hardy, L. M. 1972. A systematic revision of the genus Pseudoficimia (Serpentes: Colubridae). Journal of Herpetology 6 (1): 53-69 - get paper here
  • Hardy, L. M. 1975. Comparative morphology and evolutionary relationships of the Colubrid snake genera Pseudoficimia, Ficimia, and Gyalopion. Journal of Herpetology 9 (4): 323-336 - get paper here
  • Hardy, L.M., & McDiarmid, R.W. 1969. The amphibians and reptiles of Sinaloa, Mexico. Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. 18 (3): 39-252. - get paper here
  • Hardy, Laurence M. 1973. Pseudoficimia, P. frontalis. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (146): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Leyte-Manrique, Adrian; Efrén M. Hernández Navarro y Luis A. Escobedo-Morales 2015. Herpetofauna de Guanajuato: Un análisis histórico y contemporáneo de su conocimiento Revista Mexicana de Herpetología 1(1): 1–14 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Loc-Barragán, Jesús A.; Zarah I. Sosa-Hernández, Christoph I. Grünwald, Emmanuel Miramontes-Medina, Jorge A. Bañuelos-Alamillo, Guillermo A. Woolrich-Piña and David Lazcano 2019. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Nayarit, Mexico 3: Amphibians and Reptiles of the Municipality of Huajicori. Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society 54(10): 205-213 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • PALACIOS-AGUILAR, RICARDO & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2018. An updated checklist of the herpetofauna from Guerrero, Mexico. Zootaxa 4422 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P.;Shannon, Frederick A. 1947. Notes on amphibians and reptiles of Michoacan, Mexico. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 31 (9): 63-85
  • Taylor, Edward H.;Smith, Hobart M. 1942. Concerning the snake genus Pseudoficimia Bocourt. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 28 (12): 241-251 - get paper here
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Trápaga 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Webb, R.G. 1984. Herpetogeography in the Mazatlán-Durango Region of the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico. Vetrebrate Ecology and Systematics - A ribute to Henry S. Fitch; Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, pp. 217-241
  • Woolrich-Piña, G. A., E. García-Padilla, D. L. DeSantis, J. D. Johnson, V. Mata-Silva, and L. D. Wilson. 2017. The herpetofauna of Puebla, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(4): 791–884
  • Woolrich-Piña, Guillermo A, Paulino Ponce-Campos, Jesús Loc-Barragán, Juan Pablo Ramírez-Silva, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson, Elí García-Padilla and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Nayarit, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (2): 376-448 - get paper here
  • Zweifel, Richard G. 1959. The provenance of reptiles and amphibians collected in Western Mexico by J. J. Major. American Museum Novitates (1949): 1-9 - get paper here
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