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Pseudonaja nuchalis GÜNTHER, 1858

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesNorthern Brown Snake 
SynonymPseudonaja nuchalis GÜNTHER 1858: 227
Pseudelaps bancrofti DE VIS 1911: 25
Diemenia nuchalis — STERNFELD 1925: 226
Demansia acutirostris MITCHELL 1951
Pseudonaja nuchalis - COGGER 1983: 233
Pseudonaja nuchalis — WELCH 1994: 105
Pseudonaja imperitor WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Pseudonaja jukesi WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Pseudonaja vanderstraateni WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Pseudonaja nuchalis — COGGER 2000: 672
Pseudonaja acutirostris — WELLS 2002
Pseudonaja imperitor — WELLS 2002
Pseudonaja nuchalis — WELLS 2002
Pseudonaja nuchalis — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Pseudonaja nuchalis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 605 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.1.20.33 and BMNH 1946.1.20.57 ("North West Australia"); BMNH 1946.1.20.41 (Port Essington), from NW Australia and Port Essington, N. T.
Holotype: NMV D12352, from unstated locality; Vic. by implication, restricted to junction of Murray and Darling Rivera by Coventry (1970) [Diemenia aspidorhyncha].
Holotype: QM J190, from Carl Creek, Norman River, Qld. [Brachysoma sutherlandi].
Holotype: QM J187, from Stannary Hills, Qld. [Pseudelaps bancrofti].
Holotype: QM J1508, from Cane Grass Station, via Charleville, Qld. [Diemenia carinata].
Holotype: SAMA R3133, from island in Lake Eyre, 28° 26'S, 137° 24'E~. S. A. [Demansia acutirostris]. 
CommentType species: Pseudonaja nuchalis GÜNTHER 1858 is the type species of the genus Pseudonaja GÜNTHER 1858.

Synonymy: Kaiser et al. 2013 considered the generic names Dugitophis Wells 2002, Notopseudonaja Wells 2002, Placidaserpens Wells 2002 invalid and rejected their use instead of Pseudonaja.

The name Pseudonaja nuchalis is currently applied to a complex group of populations which almost certainly comprise a number of distinct species. The species described by WELLS & WELLINGTON (1985, 2002) are likely synonyms of P. nuchalis. However, clarification of their specific status requires more detailed analysis. For P. gowi no particular type specimen has been defined. The availability of its name under the provisions of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature is questionable (W. WÜSTER, pers. comm.). Diemenia aspidorhyncha MCCOY 1879 and Pseudonaja mengdeni WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985 have been removed from the synonymy of P. nuchalis by SKINNER 2009. Other synonymy and types after COGGER 1983.

Diagnosis in SKINNER 2009.

Venomous! 
References
  • Banks, C. 1981. Notes on seasonal colour change in a western brown snake. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 13: 29-30
  • Bush, Brian 1989. Polymorphism in captive bred siblings of the snake, Pseudonaja nuchalis. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 19 (2): 28-32
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Coventry, A. J. 1970. Reptile and amphibian type specimens housed in the National Museum of Victoria. Mem. Natl. Mus. Vic. 31: 115-124.
  • De Vis, C. W. 1884. Descriptions of a new snake with a synopsis of the genus Hoplocephalus. Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 1: 138-140 - get paper here
  • De Vis, C. W. 1911. Description of snakes apparently new. Ann. Qd Mus. 10: 22-25
  • Fearn, S.; Sambono, J. 2000. Records of the Western brown snake Pseudonaja nuchalis (Serpentes: Elapidae) fromTownsville, North East Queensland. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 30 (2): 50 - get paper here
  • Gillam, M. W. 1979. The genus Pseudonaja (Serpentes : Elapidae) in the Northern Territory. Territory Parks Wildl. Commn. Res. Bull. 1: 1-28
  • Günther, A. 1858. Catalogue of Colubrine snakes of the British Museum. London, I - XVI, 1 - 281
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1924. Reptiles and batrachians from south and south-west Australia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 14 (3): 163-183 - get paper here
  • Longman, H. A. 1915. Reptiles from Queensland and the Northern Territory. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 3: 30-34.
  • McCoy, F. 1879. Diemenia superciliosa (Fischer) The common brown snake; Diemenia microlepidota (McCoy) Small-scaled brown snake, Diemenia aspidorhyncha (McCoy) The shield-fronted brown snake. [...] Prod. Zool. Vict. 3: 11-13. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, F. J. 1951. The South Australian Reptile Fauna. Part. 1. Ophidia. Rec. South Austral. Mus. 9: 545—557. - get paper here
  • Orange, Paul 1992. Colour Morphs in Pseudonaja nuchalis (Serpentes: Elapidae) - Variation on a Theme?. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 22 (1): 22
  • Skinner, Adam 2009. A multivariate morphometric analysis and systematic review of Pseudonaja (Serpentes, Elapidae, Hydrophiinae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 155 (1): 171-197 - get paper here
  • Skinner, Adam; Stephen C. Donnellan; Mark N. Hutchinson and Rhonda G. Hutchinson 2005. A phylogenetic analysis of Pseudonaja (Hydrophiinae, Elapidae, Serpentes) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Volume 37 (2): 558-571 - get paper here
  • Somaweera, R. 2009. Snakes of Darwin. Poster, University of Sydney
  • Sternfeld, R. 1925. Beiträge zur Herpetologie Inner-Australiens. Abhandlungen Herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 38: 221—251
  • Wells, Richard W. 2002. Taxonomy of the Genus Pseudonaja (Reptilia: Elapidae) in Australia. Australian Biodiversity Record (7): 1-41
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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