You are here » home search results Pseudotrapelus sinaitus

Pseudotrapelus sinaitus (HEYDEN, 1827)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Pseudotrapelus sinaitus?

Add your own observation of
Pseudotrapelus sinaitus »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesPseudotrapelus sinaitus sinaitus (HEYDEN 1827)
Pseudotrapelus sinaitus werneri MORAVEC 2002 
Common NamesE: Sinai Agama
G: Sinai-Agame 
SynonymAgama sinaita HEYDEN 1827
Agama arenaria HEYDEN 1827 (fide MERTENS 1922)
Agama sinaita — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 509
Agama straminea LICHTENSTEIN 1945 (nom. nud., syn. fide GRAY 1845)
Agama lichtensteini GRAY 1845 (nomen nudum; syn. fide GRAY 1845)
Agama sinaitica — RÜPPELL 1845 (nom. subst.)
Pseudotrapelus sinaita — FITZINGER 1843: 18
Agama sinaita — BOULENGER 1885: 339
Agama sinaita — BOULENGER 1887: 407
Trapelus sinaiticus TRISTRAM 1888
Agama sinaita — ANDERSON 1901
Agama mutabilis sinaita — WETTSTEIN & LÖFFLER 1951
Agama sinaita — HAAS 1957
Agama sinaita — WERMUTH 1967: 23
Pseudotrapelus sinaita — MOODY 1980
Agama sinaita — BISCHOFF & SCHMIDTLER 1981
Pseudotrapelus sinaitus — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 290
Pseudotrapelus sinaitus — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 101
Pseudotrapelus sinaitus — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008

Pseudotrapelus sinaitus werneri MORAVEC 2002
Pseudotrapelus sinaitus werneri — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionE Egypt, Sinai, Jordan, Syria, Saudia Arabia / Arabian peninsula, NE Sudan (Jumhūriyyat), Ethiopia, Eritrea

Type locality: Sinai; restricted to Mt Sinai by Moravec 2002

werneri: S Syria and N Jordan (Basalt desert)  
TypesHolotype: SMF 9971 (”997” fide MELNIKOV et al. 2015).
Holotype: NMP P6V 34860/1, paratypes: NMP [werneri]
Syntypes: ZMB 759, "Arabien", leg. Hemprich - ZMB 55902 (was ZMB 760 part.), "Aegypten", leg. Hemprich & Ehrenberg; Terra typica: unclear, probably Arabian peninsula [straminea]. 
CommentSynonymy: MELNIKOV et al. 2013, 2015 and others have removed Pseudotrapelus neumanni from the synonymy of P. sinaitus.

Type species: Agama sinaita HEYDEN 1827 is the type species of the genus Pseudotrapelus FITZINGER 1843: 18, 81.

According to MELNIKOV & PIERSON (2012) there are four Pseudotrapelus species that can be divided in two groups – species with the 3rd and 4th toes equal in size (P. sinaitus) and species with the 4th toe shorter than 3rd (P. neumanni, P. aqabensis and P. dhofarensis). This seems to correspond with phylogenetic relationships between them. P. sinaitus is the only species with an equal length of the 3rd and 4th toes, that is characterized also by 15 – 17 lamellae under the 4th toe, 15 – 18 lower labial scales and 6 – 8 unseparated preacloacal pores in males. This species is distributed in Africa and the northern part of Arabia. P. neumanni is the only Pseudotrapelus with enlarged scales on the dorsal parts of head and body.

Phylogenetics: Pseudotrapelus forms a clade with Acanthocercus and Xenagama (e.g. Pyron et al. 2013) although the exact relationships remain controversial with Xenagama nested within Acanthocercus (Tamar et al. 2016).

Distribution: see map in TAMAR et al. 2016: Fig. 1, Tamar et al. 2019: Fig. 1. Not in Libya fide Bauer et al. 2017. Not in the UAE fide Burriel-Carranza et al. 2019. Not in Israel (and possibly nearby countries) where it is replaced by P. aqabensis. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391 [this journal has a dubious record, see]
  • Anderson, John 1896. A Contribution to the Herpetology of Arabia, with a preliminary list of the reptiles and batrachians of Egypt. London, R. H. Porter, 124 pp. - get paper here
  • Anderson, John 1901. A list of the reptiles and batrachians obtained by Mr. A. Blayney Percival in southern Arabia. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1901 (2): 137-152 - get paper here
  • Arnold E N 1980. The scientific results of the Oman flora and fauna survey 1977 (Dhofar). The reptiles and amphibians of Dhofar, southern Arabia. JOURNAL OF OMAN STUDIES SPECIAL REPORT (No. 2): 273-332 - get paper here
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Jonathan C. DeBoer , Dylan J. Taylor 2017. Atlas of the Reptiles of Libya. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 64 (8): 155-318 - get paper here
  • Bednarski, J. 2014. Die Sinai-Agame Pseudotrapelus sinaitus sinaitus (HEYDEN 1827) im Terrarium. Sauria 36 (4): 3-11 - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. & Schmidtler, J.F. 1981. Bemerkungen zur Herpetofauna der Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate, insbesondere zur Omaneidechse (Lacerta jayakari). Herpetofauna 3 (11): 12-16 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. A list of the reptiles and batrachians obtained near Muscat, Arabia, and presented to the British Museum by Surgeon-Major A.S.G. Jayakar. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 407-408 - get paper here
  • Carranza S, Xipell M, Tarroso P, Gardner A, Arnold EN, Robinson MD, et al. 2018. Diversity, distribution and conservation of the terrestrial reptiles of Oman (Sauropsida, Squamata). PLoS One 13 (2): e0190389 - get paper here
  • Dieckmann, M. 2011. Porträt - Pseudotrapelus sinaitus (HEYDEN 1827). Iguana Rundschreiben 24 (1): 17-20
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Disi, Ahmad M., Zuhair S. Amr and Harald Martens 2004. On a collection of amphibians and reptiles made by J. Klapperich in Jordan. Herpetozoa 16 (3/4):141-150 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Frommer, J. 2009. Zu Besuch bei Laudakia stellio und Pseudotrapelus sinaitus in Jordanien. Iguana Rundschreiben 22 (1): 5-14
  • Goldberg, Stephen R. 2013. Pseudotrapelus sinaitus (Sinai agama) reproduction. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 681-682 - get paper here
  • Goldberg, Stephen R. and Charles R. Bursey. 2013. Pseudotrapelus sinaitus (Sinai agama) endoparasites. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 681 - get paper here
  • Gorman, George C.;Shochat, Dan 1972. A taxonomic interpretation of chromosomal and electrophoretic data on the agamid lizards of Israel with notes on some East African species. Herpetologica 28 (2): 106-112 - get paper here
  • Grossmann, W., T. Kowalski, B. M. ZWANZIG & H.-J. ZILGER 2012. Ergänzende herpetologische Beobachtungen auf dem Saiq-Plateau und im Jebel al-Akhdar, Sultanat Oman. Sauria 34 (4): 3-18 - get paper here
  • Grossmann, Wolfgang; Bernd-Michael Zwanzig, Thomas Kowalski & Hans-Jürgen Zilger 2013. Weitere ergänzende herpetologische Beobachtungen auf dem Saiq-Plateau und im Jebel al-Akhdar, Sultanat Oman. Sauria 35 (3): 23–31 - get paper here
  • Haas, Georg 1957. Some amphibians and reptiles from Arabia. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 29 (3): 47-86 - get paper here
  • Hassan, Mukhtar Mohamed Mahmoud 2015. Survey And Molecular Phylogeny, Inferred From Mitochondrial Dna Sequences, Of Some Reptile Species From Sudan. Thesis, University of Khartoum - get paper here
  • Henkel, F.-W. 2003. Herpetological expedition through Oman. Reptilia (GB) (27): 50-55 - get paper here
  • Heyden, C. H. G. von. 1827. Reptilien. In Rüppell, E. Atlas zu Reise im nördlichen Afrika. l. Zoologie. H. L. Brönner, Frankfurt a. M., pp. 1-24 - get paper here
  • Jongbloed, M. 2000. Field Guide to the reptiles and amphibians of the UAE - Wild about reptiles. Barkers Trident Communications, 116 pp.
  • Kowalski, T. & W. Grossmann 2011. Das Portät: Pseudotrapelus sinaitus sinaitus (HEYDEN, 1827. Sauria, Berlin 33 (1): 2 - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouyani, T. J. Papenfuss 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Melnikov D. and Pierson T. 2012. A new species of Pseudotrapelus (Agamidae, Sauria) from Dhofar, Oman. Current Studies in Herpetology 12 (3/4): 143 – 151
  • Melnikov, D.A. and E.N. Melnikova 2013. Taxonomic diversity of the genus Pseudotrapelus (Agamidae; Sauria) and biogeography of Afro-Arabia. [in Russian, with English Abstract]. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences 317 (4): 438–451
  • Melnikov, Daniel, Ekaterina Melnikova, Dmitry Bondarenko and Zuhair S. Amr. 2013. Taxonomy and distribution of Pseudotrapelus (Agamidae, Sauria) in Jordan. Russ. J. Herpetol. 20 (3): 213-216 - get paper here
  • Melnikov, Daniel; Jan Śmiełowski, Ekaterina Melnikova, Roman Nazarov, Natalia B. Ananjeva 2015. Red’n’blues: A New Species of Pseudotrapelus (Agamidae, Sauria) from Sudan, Africa. Russ. J. Herpetol. 22 (1): 53-60 - get paper here
  • Melnikova, Ekaterina; Daniel Melnikov, Natalia Ananjeva 2015. Mitochondrial and Nuclear Gene Phylogeny of Pseudotrapelus (Sauria: Agamidae) with Considerations on the Hybridization and mtDNA Introgression between Species. Russ. J. Herpetol. 22 (1): 61-67 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1922. Verzeichnis der Typen in der herpetologischen Sammlung des Senckenbergischen Museums. Senckenbergiana 4: 162-183 - get paper here
  • Mlíkovský, Jiří; Petr Benda, Jiří Moravec & Radek Šanda 2011. Type specimens of recent vertebrates in the collections of the National Museum, Prague, Czech Republic. Journal of the National Museum (Prague), Natural History Series 180 (10): 133-164
  • Modrý, P., Rifai, L., Abu Baker, M. & Amr, Z. 2004. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Denisia 14 (Neue Serie 2): 407-420 - get paper here
  • Moravec, J. 2002. A new subspecies of the Sinai agama Pseudotrapelus sinaitus from Southern Syria and northern Jordan (Reptilia: Squamata: Sauria: Agamidae). Faun. Abh. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 23: 131-140 - get paper here
  • Müller, J. 1996. Angaben über einige Amphibien - und Reptilienfunde in Jordanien. Sauria 18 (3): 3-10 - get paper here
  • Okajima Y, Kumazawa Y 2010. Mitochondrial genomes of acrodont lizards: timing of gene rearrangements and phylogenetic and biogeographic implications. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10:141 - get paper here
  • Pola, L., Hejduk, V., Winkelhöfer, T., Zíka, A., Baker, M. A. A., & Amr, Z. S. 2020. Recent Observations on Amphibians and Reptiles in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Jordan Journal of Natural History, 7: 11-29 - get paper here
  • Rüppell, E. 1845. Verzeichnis der in dem Museum der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft aufgestellten Sammlungen. Dritte Abteilung: Amphibien. Mus. Senckenbergianum 3 (3): 293- 316
  • Schätti, B. & Gasperetti, J. 1994. A contribution to the herpetofauna of Southwest Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 14: 348-423
  • Schleich, H.H., Kästle,W., Kabisch, K. 1996. Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz, Koenigstein, 627 pp.
  • Schmidt, K. P. & Marx, H. 1956. The herpetology of Sinai. Fieldiana 39 (4): 21-40 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Southwestern Asia. Publ. Field Mus. nat. Hist., zool. Ser., 24: 49-92 - get paper here
  • Sindaco R., Fedrighini, N. & VEnchi, A. 1995. Contribution to the herpetology of Jordan. Boll. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino 13 (1): 389-405
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Riccardo Nincheri, Benedetto Lanza 2014. Catalogue of Arabian reptiles in the collections of the “La Specola” Museum, Florence. Scripta Herpetologica. Studies on Amphibians and Reptiles in honour of Benedetto Lanza: pp. 137-164 - get paper here
  • Steindachner, Franz 1903. Batrachier und Reptilien von Südarabien und Sokotra, gesammelt während der südarabischen Expedition der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Sitzungsb. Akad. Wiss. Wien, math.-naturwiss. Kl., 112, Abt. 1: 7-14 - get paper here
  • Tamar, K., Chirio, L., Shobrak, M., Busais, S. & Carranza, S. 2019. Using multilocus approach to uncover cryptic diversity within Pseudotrapelus lizards from Saudi Arabia. Saudi J. Biol. Sci. (2019). doi: - get paper here
  • Tamar, Karin; Sebastian Scholz, Pierre-André Crochet, Philippe Geniez, Shai Meiri, Andreas Schmitz, Thomas Wilms, Salvador Carranza 2016. Evolution around the Red Sea: Systematics and biogeography of the agamid genus Pseudotrapelus (Squamata: Agamidae) from North Africa and Arabia. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 97 (2016) 55–68 - get paper here
  • Tornier, G. 1905. Schildkröten und Eidechsen aus Nord-Ost Afrika und Arabien. Aus Carlo v. Erlanger’s und Oscar Neumann’s Forschungsreise. Zool. Jahrb. Syst. 22: 365-388 - get paper here
  • Trape, J.F.; Trape, S. & Chirio, L. 2012. Lézards, crocodiles et tortues d'Afrique occidentale et du Sahara. IRD Orstom, 503 pp. - get paper here
  • van der Kooij, Jeroen 2001. The herpetofauna of the Sultanate of Oman: Part 1: The amphibians, worm lizards, agamas and chameleons. Podarcis 1 (3): 71-83 - get paper here
  • Wagner, P. 2008. The good, the bad, and the ugly. Reptilia (Münster) 13 (69): 85-88 - get paper here
  • Werner, Y. L. 1971. Lizards and snakes from Transjordan, recently acquired by the British Museum (Natural Hisrory). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology21: 213-256. - get paper here
  • Werner,F. 1919. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der mit Unterstützung der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien aus der Erbschaft Treitl von F. Werner unternommenen zoologischen Expedition nach dem Anglo-Aegyptischen Sudan (Kordofan) 1914. IV. Bearbeitung de Denkschr. Akad. Wiss Wien, Math.-Naturw. Klasse 96: 437-509 - get paper here
  • Wettstein, O. von & Löffler, H. 1951. Ergebnisse der österreichischen Iran-Expedition 1949l50. Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, math.-nat. Kl., Abt. 1, 160: 427-448 - get paper here
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator