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Pseudoxenodon macrops (BLYTH, 1855)

IUCN Red List - Pseudoxenodon macrops - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Pseudoxenodontinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesPseudoxenodon macrops macrops (BLYTH 1855)
Pseudoxenodon macrops fukiensis POPE 1928
Pseudoxenodon macrops sinensis BOULENGER 1904 
Common NamesE: (Large-eyed or) Big-eyed Bamboo Snake, Mock Cobra
G: Grossaugen-Wassernatter 
SynonymTropidonotus macrops BLYTH 1855: 296
Xenodon macrophthalmus GÜNTHER 1858 (part.)
Tropidonotus sikkimensis ANDERSON 1871: 17
Tropidonotus macrophthalmus — ANDERSON 1871: 177
Pseudoxenodon macrops BOULENGER 1890
Pseudoxenodon macrops — BOULENGER 1893: 270
Tropidonotus macrops — WALL 1908: 321
Pseudoxenodon macrops — SMEDLEY 1932
Pseudoxenodon macrops — SMITH 1943: 311
Pseudoxenodon macrops — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 383
Pseudoxenodon macrops — COX et al. 1998: 49
Pseudoxenodon macrops — NGUYEN et al. 2009
Pseudoxenodon macrops — WALLACH et al. 2014: 609

Pseudoxenodon macrops macrops POPE 1935
Pseudoxenodon macrops macrops POPE 1935
Tropidonotus tigrinus var. niger VOGT 1922
Tropidonotus handeli WERNER 1922: 221
Natrix handeli — MELL 1931 [1929]
Pseudoxenodon macrops macrops — KRAMER 1977
Pseudoxenodon macrops macrops — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 182
Pseudoxenodon macrops macrops — ZHAO 2006
Pseudoxenodon macrops macrops — NGUYEN et al. 2009

Pseudoxenodon macrops fukiensis POPE 1928
Pseudoxenodon fukiensis POPE 1928
Pseudoxenodon (sinensis?) fukiensis — MELL 1931 [1929]
Pseudoxenodon fukienensis [sic] — MARX 1958
Pseudoxenodon macrops fukiensis HU et al. 1980
Pseudoxenodon macrops fukienensis — ZHAO & ADLER 1993
Pseudoxenodon macrops fukienensis — ZHAO 2006
Pseudoxenodon macrops fukienensis — NGUYEN et al. 2009

Pseudoxenodon macrops sinensis BOULENGER 1904
Pseudoxenodon sinensis BOULENGER 1904: 134
Pseudoxenodon macrops sinensis POPE 1935
Pseudoxenodon macrops sinensis — ZHAO 2006
Pseudoxenodon macrops sinensis — NGUYEN et al. 2009 
DistributionIndia (Darjeeling, Assam; Arunachal Pradesh, Nepal,
Myanmar (= Burma), Thailand, West Malaysia, Vietnam, Laos [see also HR 30: 174], Bhutan,
SW China (Yunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Fujian, Sichuan, Guizhou ?, Gansu)

fukiensis: China (Fujian)

sinensis: China

Type locality: "near Darjiling" [Darjeeling, E India]  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: ZSI 7506–07; 7556–57
Holotype: AMNH R34650 [fukiensis] 
Diagnosis 
CommentFairly variable species with brownish and almost blaskish shades with short cross stripes.

Synonymy: partly after WALLACH et al. 2014.

Behavior: diurnal.

Type species: Tropidonotus macrops BLYTH 1855: 296 is the type species of the genus Pseudoxenodon BOULENGER 1890. 
Etymology 
References
  • Anderson, J. 1871. A list of the reptilian accession to the Indian Museum, Calcutta, from 1865 to 1870, with a description of some new species. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 40, part 11(1): 12-39. - get paper here
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  • Bhosale, Harshal S. and Vedant Thite. 2013. Death feigning behavior in Large-eyed False Cobra Pseudoxenodon macrops (Blyth, 1854) (Squamata: Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 20 (3): 190-192 - get paper here
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