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Psilops paeminosus (RODRIGUES, 1991)

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Gymnophthalminae), Gymnophthalmini, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesPsilophthalmus 
SynonymPsilophthalmus paeminosus RODRIGUES 1991
Psilophthalmus paeminosus — CASTOE et al. 2004
Psilops paeminosus — RODRIGUES et al. 2017 
DistributionBrazil (Bahia, Sergipe)

Type locality: municipality of Santo Inácio, paleoquaternary dune fields of the middle São Francisco River, Bahia, Brazil.  
TypesHolotype: MZUSP
Paratypes: MZUSP 
CommentPsilophthalmus is thought to be related to Nothobachia.

Type species: Psilophthalmus paeminosus RODRIGUES 1991 is the type species of the genus Psilophthalmus RODRIGUES 1991. Psilophthalmus is preoccupied by Psilophthalmus Szépligeti 1902 (Hymenoptera, Braconidae), hence Rodrigues et al. 2017 suggested the replacement name Psilops with Psilops paeminosus as type species. 
EtymologyThe genus is named after Greek psilo (naked) and ops (eye). The previous name was also coined after Greek opthalmos = eye, face. 
  • Castoe, T.A.; Doan, T.M. & Parkinson, C.L. 2004. Data partitions and complex models in Bayesian analysis: the phylogeny of Gymnophthalmid lizards. Systematic Biology 53 (3): 448-469 - get paper here
  • Delfim, Fagner Ribeiro ; Edelmo de Melo Goncalves & Selma Torquato da Silva 2006. Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae, Psilophthalmus paeminosus: Distribution extension, new state record. Check List 2 (3): 89-92 - get paper here
  • Garda, A.A.; T.B. Costa; C.R. Santos-Silva; D.O. Mesquita; R.G. Faria; B.M. Conceição; I.R.S. Silva; A.S. Ferreira; S.M. Rocha; C.N.S. Palmeira; R. Rodrigues; S.F. Ferrari; S. Torquato. 2013. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga I: Raso da Catarina Ecological Station (Bahia, Brazil). Check List 9 (2):405-414 - get paper here
  • Macêdo, Elaine Ferreira; Caio Vinícius Mira-Mendes, Yvonnick Le Pendu 2018. New record of Psilops paeminosus (Rodrigues, 1991) (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from south-central Bahia State, Brazil Herpetology Notes 11: 495-497 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M. T. 1991. Herpetofauna das dunas interiores do Rio Sào Francisco, Bahia, Brazil. II. Psilophthalmus: um novo genero de microteiideos sem palpebra (Sauria, Teiidae). Papéis Avulsos Zoology (Sào Paulo) 37 (20): 321-327
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Yonenaga-Yassuda, Yatiyo et al. 2005. Chromosomal banding patterns in the eyelid-less microteiid lizard radiation: The X1X1X2X2:X1X2Y sex chromosome system in Calyptommatus and the karyotypes of Psilophthalmus and Tretioscincus (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae). Genetics and Molecular Biology 28 (4): 700-709
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