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Ptyas dhumnades (CANTOR, 1842)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesChinese: 乌梢蛇 
SynonymColuber dhumnades CANTOR 1842
Ablabes vittatus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 326
Zaocys dhumnades — COPE 1860
Zaocys dhumnades — GÜNTHER 1864: 256
Zaocys dhumnades — BOULENGER 1893: 375
Zaocys dhumnades — STEJNEGER 1907: 352
Zaocys oshimai STEJNEGER 1925
Zaocys dhumnades montanus POPE 1928
Zaocys nigromarginatus montanus — MELL 1931 [1929]
Coluber dhumnades — LAZELL et al. 1991
Ptyas dhumnades — DAVID & VOGEL 1996 (by implication)
Zaocys dhumnades — ZHAO 2006
Ptyas dhumnades — NGUYEN et al. 2009
Ptyas dhumnades — WALLACH et al. 2014: 615 
DistributionS China (from Guangdong north to Hebei and west to Gansu; Chekiang, Jiangxi, Anhwei, Kiangsu), Vietnam,
TypesType: BMNH 1946.1.14.89 (and possibly additional specimens).
Holotype: USNM 52267 [Zaocys oshimai] 
CommentSynonymy partly after STEJNEGER 1907. Cantor gives an explanation of the name. The genus name stems from “za” (za), a Greek prefix meaning “very”, and “okus” (okus) = “swift”. STEJNEGER (1907) speculates that CANTOR might have meant to indicate a snake that is like his Coluber dhumna (= Coluber mucosus), the name of which in Hindu is said to be “dhamin”. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Cantor,T. 1842. General features of Chusan, with remarks on the flora and fauna of that island [part 1]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 9: 265-278 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1861. Catalogue of the Colubrids in the museum of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Part 3. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 12 [1860]: 553-566 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1888. On a collection of reptiles from China. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1: 165-172 - get paper here
  • Lazell,J.D., Keirans,J.E. & Samuelson,G.A. 1991. The Sulawesi black racer, Coluber (Ptyas) dipsas, and a remarkable ectoparasitic aggregation. Pacific Science 45 (4): 355-361
  • Mell,R. 1931. List of Chinese snakes. Lingnan Sci. Jour., Canton, 8 [1929]: 199-219.
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Pope,C.H. 1928. Four new snakes and a new lizard from South China. American Museum Novitates 325: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1910. The batrachians and reptiles of Formosa. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 38: 91-114 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Stejneger,L. 1925. Chinese amphibians and reptiles in the United States National Museum. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 66 (25): 1-115. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
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