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Python brongersmai STULL, 1938

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Higher TaxaPythonidae, Henophidia, Pythonoidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesRed Blood Python, Malaysian Blood Python, Sumatran Blood Python 
SynonymPython curtus brongersmai STULL 1938
Python curtus brongersmai — COX et al. 1998: 15
Python curtus brongersmai — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 213
Python brongersmai — PAUWELS et al. 2000
Python brongersmai — KEOGH, BARKER & SHINE 2001
Aspidoboa brongersmai — HOSER 2004
Python brongersmai — SCHLEIP & O’SHEA 2010 
DistributionSumatra, Thailand (Grossmann & Tillack 2001), Vietnam, W Malaysia

Type locality: Singapore, 1.3666667°, 103.8° (WGS84) , Error: 16.01 m. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Typesholotype: MCZ R-29779 
CommentShine et al. (1998) classified this species into four types, based on their predominant dorsal colour: brown, orange, red or yellow. In the study area, all blood pythons are brown or orange-brown at hatching, and develop their adult colours gradually. The analyses of DNA sequence data by Shine et al. revealed no genetic differences between the colour morphs of P. brongersmai (S. Keogh et al., unpublished work; cited in Shine et al.). Studies of captive snakes indicate that all four colour morphs are interfertile and readily interbreed, with offspring
from a single litter often developing into adults of two or three colour morphs (Barker and Barker 1996; D. and T. Barker, personal communication, cited in Shine et al.). However, the four colour morphs of P. brongersmai differed significantly in most of the traits that Shine et al. measured. In both sexes, for example, red snakes were substantially larger and heavier than yellow snakes.
The ventral scale count is >167 in brongersmai but <165 in the other forms (GH Rodda, pers. comm.). 
EtymologyEtymology: Named after Leo Daniel Brongersma (1907-1994) [obituary in Copeia 1995: 513  
References
  • Auliya, M. & F. Abel 1999. Neue Erkenntnisse zu Python curtus (Taxonomie, Autökologie, Biologie und Schutz). Herpetofauna 21 (120): 25-34 - get paper here
  • Brongersma, L.D. 1947. Zoological Notes from Port Dickson, 1. Amphibians and Reptiles Zool. Meded. Rijksmus. Nat. Hist. Leiden 27: 300-308 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J. 1991. The Snakes of Thailand and their Husbandry. Krieger, Malabar, FL, xxxviii + 526 pp.
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das, I. & Yaakob, N. 2007. Status of knowledge of the Malaysian herpetofauna. In Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. in: L. S. L. Chua, L. G. Kirton & L. G. Saw (eds.), Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kepong, pp. 31-81
  • Franz, V. 2003. Pythons of the World. Reptilia (GB) (27): 16-23 - get paper here
  • Herrmann, Jan-Matthias 1998. Haltung und Nachzucht der Buntpythonunterarten Python curtus curtus und Python curtus brongersmai Elaphe 6 (4): 7-12
  • Keogh, J. Scott; Barker, David G.; Shine, Richard 2001. Heavily Exploited but Poorly Known: Systematics and Biogeography of Commercially Harvested Pythons (Python curtus group) in Southeast Asian. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 73:113-129 - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Schleip, Wulf D & O’Shea, M. 2010. Annotated checklist of the recent and extinct pythons (Serpentes, Pythonidae), with notes on nomenclature, taxonomy, and distribution. ZooKeys 66 (2010) : 29-79 - get paper here
  • Shine, Richard ; Ambariyanto; Peter S. Harlow; Mumpuni 1998. Ecological divergence among sympatric colour morphs in blood pythons, Python brongersmai. Oecologia 116:113-119
  • Stull, O.G. 1938. Three New Subspecies of the Family Boidae. Occ. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 8: 297-300. - get paper here
  • Wirth, Michael & Jochen Geiger 2012. Eine Terrarienanlage zur Haltung und Aufzucht von Riesenschlangen Draco 12 (48): 52-60
  • Zug, George R.; Steve W. Gotte, and Jeremy F. Jacobs 2011. Pythons in Burma: Short-tailed python (Reptilia: Squamata). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 124 (2): 112-136 - get paper here
 
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