Python brongersmai STULL, 1938
|Higher Taxa||Pythonidae, Henophidia, Pythonoidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: Red Blood Python, Malaysian Blood Python, Sumatran Blood Python|
|Synonym||Python curtus brongersmai STULL 1938|
Python curtus brongersmai — COX et al. 1998: 15
Python curtus brongersmai — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 213
Python brongersmai — PAUWELS et al. 2000
Python brongersmai — KEOGH, BARKER & SHINE 2001
Aspidoboa brongersmai — HOSER 2004
Python brongersmai — SCHLEIP & O’SHEA 2010
|Distribution||Sumatra, Thailand (Grossmann & Tillack 2001), Vietnam, W Malaysia|
Type locality: Singapore, 1.3666667°, 103.8° (WGS84) , Error: 16.01 m. Map legend:
- Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.
NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
|Types||Holotype: MCZ R-29779|
|Comment||Shine et al. (1998) classified this species into four types, based on their predominant dorsal colour: brown, orange, red or yellow. In the study area, all blood pythons are brown or orange-brown at hatching, and develop their adult colours gradually. The analyses of DNA sequence data by Shine et al. revealed no genetic differences between the colour morphs of P. brongersmai (S. Keogh et al., unpublished work; cited in Shine et al.). Studies of captive snakes indicate that all four colour morphs are interfertile and readily interbreed, with offspring|
from a single litter often developing into adults of two or three colour morphs (Barker and Barker 1996; D. and T. Barker, personal communication, cited in Shine et al.). However, the four colour morphs of P. brongersmai differed significantly in most of the traits that Shine et al. measured. In both sexes, for example, red snakes were substantially larger and heavier than yellow snakes.
The ventral scale count is >167 in brongersmai but <165 in the other forms (GH Rodda, pers. comm.).
|Etymology||Named after Leo Daniel Brongersma (1907-1994) [obituary in Copeia 1995: 513|