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Python curtus SCHLEGEL, 1872

IUCN Red List - Python curtus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPythonidae, Henophidia, Pythonoidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Sumatra Python
G: Buntpython 
SynonymPython curtus SCHLEGEL 1872
Aspidoboa curta — SAUVAGE 1884: 143
Python curtus — BOULENGER 1893: 89
Python curtus — DE ROOIJ 1917: 28
Python curtus curtus STULL 1935
Python curtus — TRUTNAU 1986
Python curtus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 427
Python curtus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 177
Aspidoboa curtus — HOSER 2004
Python curtus — SCHLEIP & O’SHEA 2010
Python curtus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 619 
DistributionIndonesia (Sumatra, Bangka),
Thailand (incl. Phuket), W Malaysia,
Singapore; Vietnam

Type locality: Sumatra, Indonesia  
TypesHolotype: RMNH 3782 
DiagnosisDescription: Top of body is brownish grey, with a series of longitudinal dark, irregular sub-rectangular blotches, sometimes as broad as body; flanks have a longitudinal series of large blotches with black edges; sides of snout have dark stripes; post-ocular pattern comprises black triangular blotches, widening to 4-6 scales at angle of jaws and coalescing with anterior labial blotch of neck; has a pale post-ocular stripe with dark smudges; chin and belly are plain cream or white. Body is short and robust; head is elongate, flat and distinct from neck; vertebral region is ridged; tail is short; cloacal spurs are present (Das 2012: 16). 
CommentSubspecies: The subspecies brongersmai and breitensteini have been elevated to species status.

Distribution: Not listed for Thailand by DAVID et al. (2004). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet curtus (Latin) means short or incomplete, possibly referring to the short overall body length. 
  • Auliya, M. 2006. Taxonomy, Life History, and conservation of giant reptiles in west Kalimantan. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 432 pp. - get paper here
  • Auliya, M. & F. Abel 1999. Neue Erkenntnisse zu Python curtus (Taxonomie, Autökologie, Biologie und Schutz). Herpetofauna 21 (120): 25-34 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • DAVID, Patrick; MEREL J. COX, OLIVIER S. G. PAUWELS, LAWAN CHANHOME AND KUMTHORN THIRAKHUPT 2004. Book Review - When a bookreview is not sufficient to say all: an in-depth analysis of a recent book on the snakes of Thailand, with an updated checklist of the snakes of the Kingdom. The Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University 4(1): 47-80 - get paper here
  • David,P. & Vogel, G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • de Rooij, N. DE 1917. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Il. Ophidia. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 334 S. - get paper here
  • DeNardo, D.F. & K. Autumn 2001. Effect of Male Presence on Reproductive Activity in Captive Female Blood Pythons, Python curtus Copeia 2001 (4): 1138-1141. - get paper here
  • Even, Eddy 1997. Blood pythons, Python curtus; subspecies, care and breeding. Litteratura Serpentium 17 (6): 116-124 - get paper here
  • Gower, D.; Garrett, K. & Stafford, P. 2012. Snakes. Firefly Books, Buffalo, NY,<br />144 p..
  • Hulsker, L.C. 1990. Some experiences with the Short-tailed python, Python curtus. Litteratura Serpentium 10 (3): 117-121 - get paper here
  • Kirschner, A. 1997. Anmerkungen zu Python curtus curtus. Elaphe 5 (2): 11-12
  • Kluge, Arnold G. 1993. Aspidites and the phylogeny of Pythonine snakes. Rec. Austral. Mus. (Supplement 19): 1-77 - get paper here
  • Kopstein, F. 1938. Ein Beitrag zur Eierkunde und zur Fortpflanzung der Malaiischen Reptilien. Bull. Raffles Mus. No 14: 81-167
  • Lang, R. de 1984. Python curtus, difficult in feeding? Litteratura Serpentium 4 (1): 4-5 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Murphy, J. C.; Voris, H. K.; Karns, D. R. 1994. A field guide and key to the snakes of the Danum Valley, A bornean tropical rainforest ecosystem. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 29: 133-151
  • Opferman, R. 1987. Observations on the maintenance and reproduction of Python curtus. Litteratura Serpentium 7 (3): 104-113 - get paper here
  • Pauwels,O.S.G. et al. 2000. Herpetological investigations in Phang-Nga Province, southern Peninsular Thailand, with a list of reptile species and notes on their biology. Dumerilia 4 (2): 123-154 - get paper here
  • Preißler, D. 2004. Alles über Schlangen. Draco 5 (17): 4-21 - get paper here
  • Sauvage, H.-E. 1884. Sur quelques Reptiles de la collection du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle. Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris (7) 8: 142-146 - get paper here
  • Schlegel,H. 1872. De direntium van het Koninklijk zoologisch Genootschap Natura Artis Magistra te Amsterdam, Reptilia. Amsterdam, 64 pp. [54] - get paper here
  • Schleip, Wulf D & O’Shea, M. 2010. Annotated checklist of the recent and extinct pythons (Serpentes, Pythonidae), with notes on nomenclature, taxonomy, and distribution. ZooKeys 66 (2010) : 29-79 - get paper here
  • Stafford, P.J. 1982. Literature: Further observations of the Blood python (Python curtus) in captivity including an effective method of induced feeding. Litteratura Serpentium 3 (5): 259-260 - get paper here
  • Stull, O.G. 1938. Three New Subspecies of the Family Boidae. Occ. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 8: 297-300.
  • Taylor,E.H. 1965. The serpents of Thailand and adjacent waters. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 45 (9): 609-1096 - get paper here
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • Trutnau,L. 1986. Einige vorläufige Bemerkungen zur Herpetofauna der südthailändischen Insel Phuket. Herpetofauna 8 (43): 17-27 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zug, George R.; Steve W. Gotte, and Jeremy F. Jacobs 2011. Pythons in Burma: Short-tailed python (Reptilia: Squamata). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 124 (2): 112-136 - get paper here
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