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Python natalensis SMITH, 1840

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Higher TaxaPythonidae, Henophidia, Pythonoidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSouthern African Python, Lesser African Python 
SynonymPython sebae natalensis SMITH 1840
Python natalensis — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1844: 409
Heleionomus variegatus GRAY 1842: 43 (fide SCHLEIP & O’SHEA 2010)
Python Sebae var. natalensis — JAN 1864
Python saxuloides MILLER & SMITH 1979 (fide BROADLEY 1984)
Python sebae natalensis — BROADLEY 1984
Python sebae natalensis — AUERBACH 1987: 152
Python sebae natalensis — BAUER et al. 1993
Python sebae — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 180
Python natalensis — BROADLEY 1999
Python sebae natalensis — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 22
Helionomus natalensis [sic] — HOSER 2004
Python natalensis — BARONE 2005
Python natalensis — SCHLEIP & O’SHEA 2010
Python natalensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 620 
DistributionBotswana, S Angola, SE/E Zaire (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Zambia, Burundi, Tanzania, C Kenya, south to N Namibia and Republic of South Africa (Eastern Cape etc.), Mozambique, Zimbabwe

Type locality: Port Natal = Durban, Natal. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.1.8.3 and 1946.3.27.2 
CommentSmith (1840) refers to a preliminary description in the South African Quarterly Journal from 1833 [(2) 1 (3): 80]. However, the page cited mentions P. natalensis without any further description. It is thus a nomen nudum. 
References
  • ALEXANDER, G. J. 2012. Python natalensis Smith, 1840 PredationDiet. African Herp News (56): 25
  • Auerbach,R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Barone, S. 2005. Python natalensis - The Natal Python, an underappreciated giant. Reptilia (GB) (40): 57-63 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Branch, William R. & Haacke, Wulf D. 1993. The herpetofauna of the Kamanjab area and adjacent Damaraland, Namibia. Madoqua (Windhoek) 18 (2): 117-145.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. Synopsis of the snakes of South Africa. The Zoologist, London, (3) 11: 171-182
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G.; Doria, C.T. & Wigge, J. 2003. Snakes of Zambia. An Atlas and Field Guide. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 280 pp. [review in Sauria 26 (3): 21]
  • Broadley, Donald G. 1999. The southern African python, Python natalensis A. Smith 1840, is a valid species. African Herp News (29): 31-32
  • Broadley, Donald G. and F. P. D. Cotterill. 2004. The reptiles of southeast Katanga, an overlooked 'hot spot'. [Congo]. African Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 35-61. - get paper here
  • Broadley,D.G. 1984. A review of geographical variation in the African python, Python sebae (Gmelin). British Journal of Herpetology 6 (10): 359-367
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1844. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol.6. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 609 pp. - get paper here
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R. 2004. A reclassification of the pythoninae including the descriptions of two new genera, two new species and nine new subspecies. Part II. Crocodilian 4 (4) (June 2004): 21-40 - get paper here
  • Jacobsen, Niels H.G.; Errol W. Pietersen & Darren W. Pietersen 2010. A preliminary herpetological survey of the Vilanculos Coastal Wildlife Sanctuary on the San Sebastian Peninsula, Vilankulo, Mozambique. Herpetology Notes 3: 181-193 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1864. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 8. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • JANSEN, J. & CUNNINGHAM, P. 2004. Python natalensis SMITH, 1833 preys on South African Porcupine Hystrix africaeaustralis [Short Note]. Herpetozoa 17: - get paper here
  • Kirchhof, S., M. Krämer, J. Linden & K. Richter 2010. The reptile species assemblage of the Soutpansberg (Limpopo Province, South Africa) and its characteristics. Salamandra 46 (3): 147-166 - get paper here
  • Marais, J. 2004. A Complete Guide to the Snakes of Southern Africa, 2nd ed. Struik Publishers, 312 pp.
  • MASTERSON, G. P. R., LEPHUTING, J., MATHEBULA, J. & SHIRINDA, E. 2012. Python natalensis Smith, 1840 Reproduction. African Herp News (56): 26-28
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Miller T J; Smith H M 1979. The lesser African rock python. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 15 (3): 70-84
  • Pietersen, Darren W. Pietersen, Errol W. Haacke, Wulf D. 2013. First herpetological appraisal of the Parque Nacional de Banhine, Gaza Province, southern Mozambique. Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History 3: 153-163 - get paper here
  • Razzetti, E. & Msuya, C.A. 2002. Field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of Arusha National Park (Tanzania). Publ. Ed. Negri Istituto, Oikos, Varese, 84 pp.
  • Reed, R.N. and G.H. Rodda 2009. Giant Constrictors: Biological and Management Profiles and an Establishment Risk Assessment for Nine Large Species of Pythons, Anacondas, and the Boa Constrictor. U.S. Geological Survey, xviii + 323 pp. - get paper here
  • Smith,A. 1840. Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa, Reptilia. Smith, Elder, and Co., London - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147]
  • Venter, Jan A.; Werner Conradie 2015. A checklist of the reptiles and amphibians found in protected areas along the South African Wild Coast, with notes on conservation implications Koedoe 57 (1): 1-25. doi: 10.4102/koedoe.v57i1.1247 - get paper here
 
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