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Python natalensis SMITH, 1840

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Higher TaxaPythonidae, Henophidia, Pythonoidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSouthern African Python, Lesser African Python 
SynonymPython sebae natalensis SMITH 1840
Python natalensis — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1844: 409
Heleionomus variegatus GRAY 1842: 43 (fide SCHLEIP & O’SHEA 2010)
Python Sebae var. natalensis — JAN 1864
Python saxuloides MILLER & SMITH 1979 (fide BROADLEY 1984)
Python sebae natalensis — BROADLEY 1984
Python sebae natalensis — AUERBACH 1987: 152
Python sebae natalensis — BAUER et al. 1993
Python sebae — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 180
Python natalensis — BROADLEY 1999
Python sebae natalensis — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 22
Helionomus natalensis [sic] — HOSER 2004
Python natalensis — BARONE 2005
Python natalensis — SCHLEIP & O’SHEA 2010
Python natalensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 620
Python natalensis — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 379 
DistributionBotswana, S Angola, SE/E Zaire (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Zambia, Burundi, Tanzania, C Kenya, south to N Namibia and Republic of South Africa (Eastern Cape etc.), Mozambique, Zimbabwe

Type locality: Port Natal = Durban, Natal.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.1.8.3 and 1946.3.27.2 
Diagnosis 
CommentSmith (1840) refers to a preliminary description in the South African Quarterly Journal from 1833 [(2) 1 (3): 80]. However, the page cited mentions P. natalensis without any further description. It is thus a nomen nudum. 
Etymology 
References
  • ALEXANDER, G. J. 2012. Python natalensis Smith, 1840 PredationDiet. African Herp News (56): 25
  • Alexander, G. J. and Maritz, B. 2015. Sampling interval affects the estimation of movement parameters in four species of African snakes. Journal of Zoology 297: 309–318, doi:10.1111/jzo.12280 - get paper here
  • Auerbach, R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Barnes, Keith 2016. Animals of Kruger National Park. Princeton University Press, ca. 180 pp. - get paper here
  • Barone, S. 2005. Python natalensis - The Natal Python, an underappreciated giant. Reptilia (GB) (40): 57-63 - get paper here
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Branch, William R. & Haacke, Wulf D. 1993. The herpetofauna of the Kamanjab area and adjacent Damaraland, Namibia. Madoqua (Windhoek) 18 (2): 117-145.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. Synopsis of the snakes of South Africa. The Zoologist, London, (3) 11: 171-182
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Broadley, D. & Blaylock 2013. The Snakes of Zimbabwe and Botswana. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 387 pp. [book review in Sauria 35 (2): 59 and Copeia 2014: 388] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1984. A review of geographical variation in the African python, Python sebae (Gmelin). British Journal of Herpetology 6 (10): 359-367
  • Broadley, D.G.; Doria, C.T. & Wigge, J. 2003. Snakes of Zambia. An Atlas and Field Guide. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 280 pp. [review in Sauria 26 (3): 21]
  • Broadley, Donald G. 1999. The southern African python, Python natalensis A. Smith 1840, is a valid species. African Herp News (29): 31-32
  • Broadley, Donald G. and F. P. D. Cotterill. 2004. The reptiles of southeast Katanga, an overlooked 'hot spot'. [Congo]. African Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 35-61. - get paper here
  • Conradie W, Bills R, and Branch WR. 2016. The herpetofauna of the Cubango, Cuito, and lower Cuando river catchments of south-eastern Angola. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 10(2) [Special Section]: 6–36 - get paper here
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  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1844. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol.6. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 609 pp. - get paper here
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  • Hoser, R. 2004. A reclassification of the pythoninae including the descriptions of two new genera, two new species and nine new subspecies. Part II. Crocodilian 4 (4) (June 2004): 21-40 - get paper here
  • Jacobsen, Niels H.G.; Errol W. Pietersen & Darren W. Pietersen 2010. A preliminary herpetological survey of the Vilanculos Coastal Wildlife Sanctuary on the San Sebastian Peninsula, Vilankulo, Mozambique. Herpetology Notes 3: 181-193 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1864. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 8. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • JANSEN, J. & CUNNINGHAM, P. 2004. Python natalensis SMITH, 1833 preys on South African Porcupine Hystrix africaeaustralis [Short Note]. Herpetozoa 17: - get paper here
  • Kirchhof, S., M. Krämer, J. Linden & K. Richter 2010. The reptile species assemblage of the Soutpansberg (Limpopo Province, South Africa) and its characteristics. Salamandra 46 (3): 147-166 - get paper here
  • Lyakurwa, John Valentine 2017. The Reptiles of the Uzungwa Scarp Forest Reserve (USFR): An Updated Checklist with Notes on Dagger-Tooth Vine Snake Xyelodontophis uluguruensis. Journal of East African Natural History 106(2):57-65. - get paper here
  • Marais, J. 2004. A Complete Guide to the Snakes of Southern Africa, 2nd ed. Struik Publishers, 312 pp.
  • Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840–2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
  • MASTERSON, G. P. R., LEPHUTING, J., MATHEBULA, J. & SHIRINDA, E. 2012. Python natalensis Smith, 1840 Reproduction. African Herp News (56): 26-28
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Miller T J; Smith H M 1979. The lesser African rock python. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 15 (3): 70-84 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Pietersen DW, Pietersen EW, Conradie W. 2017. Preliminary herpetological survey of Ngonye Falls and surrounding regions in south-western Zambia. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 11(1) [Special Section]: 24–43 (e148 - get paper here
  • Pietersen, Darren W. Pietersen, Errol W. Haacke, Wulf D. 2013. First herpetological appraisal of the Parque Nacional de Banhine, Gaza Province, southern Mozambique. Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History 3: 153-163 - get paper here
  • Razzetti, E. & Msuya, C.A. 2002. Field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of Arusha National Park (Tanzania). Publ. Ed. Negri Istituto, Oikos, Varese, 84 pp.
  • Reed, R.N. and G.H. Rodda 2009. Giant Constrictors: Biological and Management Profiles and an Establishment Risk Assessment for Nine Large Species of Pythons, Anacondas, and the Boa Constrictor. U.S. Geological Survey, xviii + 323 pp. - get paper here
  • Schleicher, Alfred 2015. Reptilien Namibias. Namibia Scientific  Society, 276 pp.
  • Smith,A. 1840. Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa, Reptilia. Smith, Elder, and Co., London - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Venter, Jan A.; Werner Conradie 2015. A checklist of the reptiles and amphibians found in protected areas along the South African Wild Coast, with notes on conservation implications Koedoe 57 (1): 1-25. doi: 10.4102/koedoe.v57i1.1247 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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