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Ramphotyphlops hatmaliyeb WYNN, REYNOLDS, BUDEN, FALANRUW & LYNCH, 2012

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymRamphotyphlops hatmaliyeb WYNN, REYNOLDS, BUDEN, FALANRUW & LYNCH 2012
Ramphotyphlops hatmaliyeb — HEDGES et al. 2014
Ramphotyphlops hatmaliyeb — WALLACH et al. 2014: 628 
DistributionMicronesia: Caroline Islands

Type locality: Giilab (= Gielap, Gielop) Island, Ulithi, Caroline Islands (Federated States of Micronesia)  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: USNM 558300, collected by Marjorie Falanruw on 04 August 2007. Paratypes. USNM 558301–558303, Giilab Island; USNM 558304, Iaar Island; USNM 558305, Bulbul Island; USNM 558306, Piig Island; and USNM 558307–558310, Soong Island; all part of Ulithi, Caroline Islands (Feder- ated States of Micronesia). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Ramphotyhlops hatmaliyeb can be distinguished from other Indoaustralian and Philippine typhlopids by the combination of 22 scale rows over the length of the body; the wedge-shaped snout, without a keratinized keel; and its broad, ovate rostral.
CommentHabitat: typically on the ground and under debris and rocks; however, USNM 558302 was observed at night crawling upward in a crease in the trunk of a Pisonia tree, about two meters off the ground. Another animal (not collected) was observed about five meters up the trunk of another Pisonia tree (WYNN et al. 2012). 
Etymology"Hatmaliyeb" is one transliteration of the Ulithian name for this snake (likening it to a large worm from Yap), used here as a noun in apposition. 
  • Buden, Donald W. & Danko Taboroši 2016. Reptiles of the Federated States of Micronesia. Island Research and Education Initiative, 311 pp. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • WYNN, ADDISON H.; ROBERT P. REYNOLDS, DONALD W. BUDEN, MARJORIE FALANRUW & BRIAN LYNCH 2012. The unexpected discovery of blind snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) in Micronesia: two new species of Ramphotyphlops from the Caroline Islands. Zootaxa 3172: 39–54 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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