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Rhabdophis chrysargos (SCHLEGEL, 1837)

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Higher TaxaNatricidae, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Specklebelly Keelback
G: Gefleckte Wassernatter 
SynonymTropidonotus chrysargos SCHLEGEL 1837: 3
Natrix chrysargus H. BOIE in F. BOIE 1827 (nomen nudum)
Tropidonotus junceus CANTOR 1847
Tropidonotus junceus — BLYTH 1856: 716
Amphiesma chrysargos - JAN 1863
Amphiesma chrysargum - DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 739
Leptophis albomaculatus — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 541
Tropidonotus chrysargus - GÜNTHER 1858
Tropidonotus junceus - GÜNTHER 1864
Tropidonotus (Amphiesma) chrysargus - BOETTGER 1883
Tropidonotus chrysargos — FISCHER 1885: 3
Tropidonotus (Amphiesma) chrysargus var. juncea - BOETTGER 1887
Tropidonotus maculatus var. torquatus MOCQUARD 1890
Tropidonotus chrysargus — BOULENGER 1893: 258
Natrix chrysarga - STEJNEGER 1907: 265
Tropidonotus chrysargus — WALL 1909: 145
Tropidonotus chrysargus — LIDTH DE JEUDE 1922: 243
Rhabdophis chrysargus - WALL 1923
Natrix chrysarga — SMEDLEY 1932
Natrix crysarga (sic) - MERTENS 1934
Rhabdophis chrysargus chrysargus - BOURRET 1936
Natrix chrysarga — SMITH 1943
Rhabdophis chrysarga - MALNATE 1960
Natrix chrysarga — HENDRICKSON 1966: 67
Rhabdophis chrysargus — GRANDISON 1978: 293
Rhabdophis chrysarga — MANTHEY & DENZER 1982
Rhabdophis chrysargos — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 387
Rhabdophis chrysargus [sic] — COX et al. 1998: 46
Rhabdophis chrysargos — ZIEGLER 2002: 256 
DistributionBrunei Darussalam;
Indonesia (Anambas Archipelago, Bali, Flores, Java, Kalimantan, Mentawai Archipelago, Nias, Simeulue, Sumatra, Ternate, Borneo, ),
Philippine Islands (Balabac, Culion, Busuanga, Palawan),
Laos, S Burma (Myanmar), S Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam,
Malaysia (Malaya and East Malaysia, Pulau Tioman);
China (Hainan, Hong Kong)

Type locality: “Java”; “Mt. Megamendung, Westjava” (fide MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: RMNH 
CommentSome species of this genus are venomous although this particular species may be harmless (Peter Verhaart, pers. comm.).

Distribution: The latest record of this species from Sulawesi is from SCHLEGEL 1837. Specimens also may have been confused with R. chrysargoides. DE LANG & VOGEL (2005) thus consider this species as doubtful for this island.

Synonymy: partly fide BOULENGER 1891.

Behavior: diurnal. 
References
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