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Rhabdophis nuchalis (BOULENGER, 1891)

IUCN Red List - Rhabdophis nuchalis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesHubei Keelback 
SynonymTropidonotus nuchalis BOULENGER 1891: 281
Tropidonotus nuchalis — BOULENGER 1893: 218
Natrix nivalis SCHMIDT 1925
Tropidonotus nuchalis var. collaris VOGT 1927
Natrix swinhonis nuchalis — MELL 1931 [1929]
Natrix nuchalis — SMITH 1943: 284
Rhabdophis nuchalis MALNATE 1960
Rhabdophis nuchalis nuchalis JIANG & ZHAO 1983
Nuchisulcophis nuchalis — MAHENDRA 1984
Rhabdophis nuchalis nuchalis — SANG et al. 2009
Rhabdophis nuchalis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 636 
DistributionNE India (Nagaland), Myanmar (= Burma), Vietnam
China (Hubei, Sichuan, Guizhou, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Gansu, Guangxi, E Tibet, Yunnan, Guangdong), elevation 1200-2750 m.

Type locality: “Ichang, Upper Yangtse-Kiang” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: unknown (fide SANG et al. 2009) 
CommentSome species of this genus are venomous although we do not have information about this particular species.

Type species: Mahendra (1984) designated Tropidonotus nuchalis Boulenger 1891 as the type species of his new genus Nuchisulcophis.

Subspecies: Rhabdophis nuchalis pentasupralabialis JIANG & ZHAO 1983 has been elevated to full species. Rhabdophis pentasupralabialis has five supralabials where the 5th is the longest while the nominal R. nuchalis has six supralabials and 5th is the longest. The first two to three dorsal scale rows of the former taxon are smooth while only one row (rarely two) in the later one. The former taxon is shorter (500 mm) than the later
(600 mm).

Diet: worms 
References
  • Ahmed, M. Firoz and Abhijit Das 2006. FIRST RECORD OF RHABDOPHIS NUCHALIS (BOULENGER, 1891) (SERPENTES: COLUBRIDAE) FROM INDIA, WITH NOTES ON ITS DISTRIBUTION AND NATURAL HISTORY. Hamadryad 30 (1 & 2): 120 – 126 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1891. Description of new oriental reptiles & batrachians. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 6: 279-283 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Guo, P., F. J. Zhang, and Y. Y. Chen. 1999. Catalogue of type specimens of reptiles in the Herpetological Collections of Chengdu Institute of Biology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Asiatic Herpetological Research 8: 43~47 - get paper here
  • Inger R F; Zhao E; Bradley Shaffer H; Guanfu Wu 1990. Report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from Sichuan, China. Fieldiana: Zoology (No. 58) : i-iii, 1-24 - get paper here
  • Jiang, YAO-MING, and ER-MI ZHAO. 1983. Studies on amphibians and reptiles of Mt. Gongga region, Sichuan, China. 3. A study of species-group nuchalis, genus Rhabdophis [in Chinese]. Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, [new ser.], 2 (1): 59-62 - get paper here
  • Kunz, Kriton 2015. Schlangen, die Wirbellose fressen Terraria Elaphe 2015 (5): 14-20 - get paper here
  • Mahendra B C 1984. Handbook of the snakes of India, Ceylon, Burma, Bangladesh and Pakistan. ANNALS OF ZOOLOGY (AGRA) 22 (B): i-xvi, 1-412
  • Mell,R. 1931. List of Chinese snakes. Lingnan Sci. Jour., Canton, 8 [1929]: 199-219.
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • TAKEUCHI, HIROHIKO; HIDETOSHI OTA FLS,, HONG-SHIK OH and TSUTOMU HIKIDA 2012. Extensive genetic divergence in the East Asian natricine snake, Rhabdophis tigrinus (Serpentes: Colubridae), with special reference to prominent geographical differentiation of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene in Japanese populations. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2012, 105, 395–408
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • ZHU, GUANG-XIANG; YING-YONG WANG,HIROHIKO TAKEUCHI & ER-MI ZHAO 2014. A new species of the genus Rhabdophis Fitzinger, 1843 (Squamata: Colubridae) from Guangdong Province, southern China. Zootaxa 3765 (5): 469–480
 
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