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Rhabdophis rudis BOULENGER, 1906

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesRhabdophis rudis multiprefrontalis ZHAO & JIANG 1981
Rhabdophis rudis rudis (BOULENGER 1906) 
Common NamesRed Keelback, False Habu 
SynonymMacropisthodon rudis BOULENGER 1906
Pseudagkistrodon carinatus VAN DENBURGH 1909
Macropisthodon carinatus — STEJNEGER 1910
Macropisthodon rudis — MATTISON 2007: 129
Pseudagkistrodon rudis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 594
Rhabdophis rudis — TAKEUCHI et al. 2018

Rhabdophis rudis multiprefrontalis (ZHAO & JIANG 1981)
Macropisthodon rudis multiprefrontalis ZHAO & JIANG 1981
Macropisthodon rudis multiprefrontalis — GUO et al. 1999
Rhabdophis rudis multiprefrontalis — TAKEUCHI et al. 2018 (by implication)

Rhabdophis rudis rudis (BOULENGER 1906)
Natrix namiei OSHIMA 1910: 189
Macropisthodon rudis rudis — MELL 1931 [1929]
Macropisthodon rudis rudis — ZHAO & JIANG 1981
Macropisthodon rudis var. melanogaster VOGT 1922
Rhabdophis rudis rudis — TAKEUCHI et al. 2018 (by implication) 
S China (Fujian, Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Guangxi, Guangdong)

Type locality: Tongchuan , Yuman, China

multiprefrontalis: China (Sichuan); Type locality: Xichang, Sichuan Prov.; 2650 m elevation;  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1940.1.13.92, CAS 18003
Holotype: ZMB 38069
Holotype: Cib 6515143, male, Coll. C. C. Liu; 6. 8, 1965 [multiprefrontalis]
Holotype: CAS 18003 [Pseudagkistrodon carinatus] 
CommentBehavior: harmless, but aggressive

Type species: Macropisthodon rudis BOULENGER 1906 is the type species of the genus Pseudagkistrodon VAN DENBURGH 1909. 
  • Boulenger, GEORGE A. 1906. Descriptions of new reptiles from Yunnan. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 17 (102): 567-568. - get paper here
  • Guo, P., F. J. Zhang, and Y. Y. Chen. 1999. Catalogue of type specimens of reptiles in the Herpetological Collections of Chengdu Institute of Biology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Asiatic Herpetological Research 8: 43~47 - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
  • Mell,R. 1931. List of Chinese snakes. Lingnan Sci. Jour., Canton, 8 [1929]: 199-219.
  • Oshima, MASAMITSU. 1910. An annotated list of Formosan snakes, with descriptions of four new species and one new subspecies. Annot. Zool. Japon., Tokyo, 7 (3): 185-207.
  • Stejneger, L. 1910. The batrachians and reptiles of Formosa. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 38: 91-114 - get paper here
  • TILLACK, F. 2005. Macropisthodon rudis rudis BOULENGER. Sauria 27 (2): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Van DENBURGH, JOHN 1909. New and previously unrecorded species of reptiles and amphibians from the island of Formosa. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 3 (3): 49-56. - get paper here
  • Vogt, Theodor 1922. Zur Reptilien- und Amphibienfauna Südchinas. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 88A (10): 135-146 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao, ER-MI 1981. Studies on amphibians and reptiles of Mt. Gongga Shan, Sichuan, China. I. A new species and a new subspecies of snakes from Sichuan (in Chinese). Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, [old ser.], 5 (7): 53-58
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
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