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Rhabdophis subminiatus (SCHLEGEL, 1837)

IUCN Red List - Rhabdophis subminiatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesRhabdophis subminiatus subminiatus SCHLEGEL 1837
Rhabdophis subminiatus helleri (SCHMIDT 1925) 
Common NamesE: Red-necked Keelback
G: Rothals-Wassernatter 
SynonymTropidonotus subminiatus SCHLEGEL 1837: 313
Natrix subminiatus BOIE 1827 (nomen nudum)
Rhabdophis subminiatus - FITZINGER 1843
Amphiesma subminiatum - DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 734
Tropidonotus subminiatus - GÜNTHER 1858
? Tropidonotus manadensis GÜNTHER 1873 (fide WALLACH)
Tropidonotus subminiatus — BOULENGER 1893: 256
Pseudoxenodon intermedius LÖNNBERG 1899: 109
Tropidonotus subminiatus — WALL 1908: 320
Natrix subminiata - BARBOUR 1912
?Natrix subminiata hongkongensis MELL 1931
Natrix subminiata subminiata - MELL 1931
Rhabdophis subminiatus subminiatus - BOURRET 1936
Natrix subminiata — SMITH 1943
Rhabdophis himalayanus laobaoensis (fide SMITH 1943)
Rhabdophis subminiata - MALNATE 1960
Rhabdophis subminiatus subminiatus TAYLOR 1965
Rhabdophis subminatus — FERLAN et al. 1983 (in error)
Rhabdophis subminiatus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 389
Rhabdophis subminiatus — COX et al. 1998: 47
Rhabdophis subminiata — SHARMA 2004
Rhabdophis subminiatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 636

Rhabdophis subminiatus helleri (SCHMIDT 1925)
Natrix helleri SCHMIDT 1925
Natrix subminiata helleri — MELL 1931 [1929]
Rhabdophis subminiata helleri — TAYLOR 1965
Rhabdophis subminiatus helleri — ZHAO et al. 1986
Rhabdophis subminiatus helleri — SANG et al. 2009 
DistributionIndonesia (Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Sulawesi ?),
Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Burma,
West Malaysia, Singapore, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Nepal,
India (Assam ?, Sikkim; Arunachal Pradesh (Chimpu, Itanagar – Papum Pare district) [A. Captain, pers. comm.]),
China (Yunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Fujian, Hong Kong, Hainan)

helleri: Bangladesh; Hong Kong; India; Laos; Myanmar; Nepal; People's Republic of China; Thailand; N Vietnam.

Type locality: “Java” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: RMNH 
CommentVenomous. Can inflict serious coagulopathic envenoming but, unlike its congener R. tigrinus, has not caused any human fatalities (Weinstein 2017).

Type species: Tropidonotus subminiatus SCHLEGEL 1837 is the type species of the genus Rhabdophis FITZINGER 1843: 27.

Diagnosis (genus): parallel and keeled dorsal scales; 15, 17, 19 or 21 rows of dorsal scales at midbody; large cephalic scales; large eyes with round pupil; divided anal plate and paired subcaudal scales; maxillary teeth separated from a pair of fangs [DORIA et al. 2013].

Color picture in Bulian (1999). Very common in Thungtao (Suratthani) [and probably elsewhere] according to Bulian.

Distribution: Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012). The latest record of this species from Sulawesi is from GÜNTHER 1873. DE LANG & VOGEL (2005) thus consider this species as doubtful for this island.

Behavior: diurnal. 
References
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