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Rhabdops olivaceus (BEDDOME, 1863)

IUCN Red List - Rhabdops olivaceus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Olive Trapezoid Snake, Olivaceous Smooth Snake 
SynonymAblates olivaceus BEDDOME 1863: 307
Pseudocyclophis olivaceus — BOULENGER 1890
Rhabdops olivaceus — BOULENGER 1893: 300
Rhabdops olivaceus — WALL 1919: 564
Rhabdops olivaceus — SMITH 1943: 328
Rhabdops olivaceus — DAS 1996: 59
Rhabdops olivaceus — GANESH et al. 2012
Rhabdops olivaceus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 638 
DistributionIndia (Western Ghats: Karnataka)

Type locality: “Manantoddy, Madras Presidency” [= Mananthavady, the Wynaad, Malabar, N Kerala, SW India, 11°48’N, 76°01’E, elevation 760 m]. Emended to Manantoddy, Wynad fide Boulenger (1893: 301) and Manatoddy, Malabar District fide M.A. Smith (1943: 328).  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.12.44 
CommentType species: Ablabes olivaceus BEDDOME 1863 is the type species of the genus Rhabdops BOULENGER 1893.

Behavior: nocturnal, but partially diurnal (Ganesh et al. 2012) 
  • Ashaharraza, Khan 2019. Congregation of an Endemic Snake Rhabdops olivaceus (Beddome, 1863) In Northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 116 (1):6; DOI: 10.17087/jbnhs/2019/v116/109400 - get paper here
  • Beddome, RICHARD HENRY 1863. Further notes upon the snakes of the Madras Presidency; with descriptions of new species. Madras Quart. J. Med. Sci., 6: 41-48 [Reprint: J. Soc. Bibliogr. Nat. Sci., London, 1 (10): 306-314, 1940]
  • Bhosale, Harshal Satish; Devavrat Joshi 2014. Notes on Distribution, Natural History and Habitat Use of a Colubridae Snake, Rhabdops olivaceus (Beddome, 1863). Russ. J. Herpetol. 21 (3): 166-168 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S. R., S. R. Chandramouli and P. Gowri Shankar 2012. Record lengths of two endemic caenophidian snakes from the Western Ghats Mountains, India. Hamadryad 36 (1): 44-46 - get paper here
  • GIRI, VARAD B.; V. DEEPAK, ASHOK CAPTAIN, ABHIJIT DAS, SANDEEP DAS, K. P. RAJKUMAR, R. L. RATHISH, DAVID J. GOWER 2017. A new species of Rhabdops Boulenger, 1893 (Serpentes: Natricinae) from the northern Western Ghats region of India. Zootaxa 4319 (1): 027–052 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wall,F. 1919. Notes on a collection of Snakes made in the Nilgiri Hills and the adjacent Wynaad. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 26: 552-584 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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