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Rhacodactylus trachyrhynchus BOCAGE, 1873

IUCN Red List - Rhacodactylus trachyrhynchus - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaDiplodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Common NamesRough-snouted Giant Gecko 
SynonymRhacodactylus trachyrhynchus BOCAGE 1873
Platydactylus duvaucelli - BAVAY 1869
Chameleonurus trachycephalus — BOULENGER 1878
Platydactylus (Rhacodactylus) chahoua - SAUVAGE (partim) 1879
Chameleonurus chahoua - BOULENGER 1879 (partim)
Rhacodactylus trachyrhynchus — BOULENGER 1885: 178
Rhacodactylus trachyrhynchus — ROUX 1913: 98
Rhacodactylus trachyrhynchus — WERMUTH 1965: 159
Rhacodactylus trachyrhynchus — KLUGE 1993
Rhacodactylus (Rhacodactylus) trachyrhynchus — RÖSLER 1995: 77
Rhacodactylus trachyrhynchus — BAUER et al. 2012 
DistributionNew Caledonia (Grande Terre)

Type locality: New Caledonia. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
ReproductionRhacodactylus trachycephalus and R. trachyrhynchus are the only (ovo-) viviparous Rhacodactylus species. 
TypesHolotype: MLI (lost fide BAUER et al. 2012) 
CommentSubspecies: Rhacodactylus trachyrhynchus trachycephalus BOULENGER 1878 has been elevated to full species status.

Abundance: Uncommon and restricted to a few localities. 
  • Bartmann, W. & E. Minuth 1979. Ein lebendgebärender Gecko, Rhacodactylus trachyrhynchus Bocage 1873 aus Neukaledonien. Salamandra 15 (1): 58-60 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A. M. & SADLIER, R. A. (eds.) 2000. The herpetofauna of New Caledonia. Contributions to Herpetology, 17; Society for Study Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca, New York.
  • Bauer, A.M. 1990. Phylogenetic systematics and biogeography of the Carphodactylini (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). Bonn. zool. Monogr. 30: 1-220 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M., and Sadlier, R.A. 2001. New data on the distribution, status, and biology of the giant New Caledonian geckos (Squamata: Diplodactylidae: Rhacodactylus spp.). Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 2 (1): 24-29 [2000] - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M. 1995. Geckos of the genus Rhacodactylus. Reptiles 3 (7): 32-49
  • BAUER, AARON M.; TODD R. JACKMAN, ROSS A. SADLIER & ANTHONY H. WHITAKER 2012. Revision of the giant geckos of New Caledonia (Reptilia: Diplodactylidae: Rhacodactylus). Zootaxa 3404: 1–52 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.;Sadlier, Roass A. 1994. The terrestrial herpetofauna of the Ile des Pins, New Caledonia. Pacific Science 48 (4): 353-366
  • Bauer,A.M. & Sadlier,R.A. 1993. Systematics, biogeography and conservation of the lizards of New Caledonia. Biodiv. Lett. 1: 107-122
  • Bocage, J. V. Barboza du. 1873. Mélanges erpétologiques. l. Note sur quelques geckotiens nouveaux ou peu connus de la Nouvelle Calédonie. Jornal de Sciencias Mathematicas, Physicas e Naturaes, Lisboa, 4: 201—207.
  • Böhme, W. & Henkel, F. W. 1985. Zur Kenntnis der Herpetofauna Neukaledoniens, speziell der Gattung Rhacodactylus. Herpetofauna 7 (34): 23-29 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1878. Description d’un genre nouveau et d’une espece nouvelle de la famille des geckotides. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France, 3:68-70 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1879. Sur l’identité spéficifique de Chameleonurus trachycephalus Boulenger et Platydactylus chahoua Bavay. Bull. Soc. zool. France 4: 141 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1883. On the geckos of New Calendonia. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1883: 116—130. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Good, D. A., A. M. Bauer & Sadlier, R.A. 1997. Allozyme evidence for the phylogeny of giant New Caledonian geckos (Squamata: Diplodactylidae: Rhacodactylus), with comments on the status of R. leachianus henkeli. Australian Journal of Zoology 45: 317-330 - get paper here
  • Henkel, Friedrich Wilhelm 2008. Beobachtungen an Neukaledonischen Riesengeckos in der Natur. Draco 9 (36): 14-22 - get paper here
  • Henkel,F.W. 1986. Bemerkungen über einige Rhacodactylus-Arten. Herpetofauna 8 (42): 6-8 - get paper here
  • Kaverkin, Yuri 2008. Haltung und Nachzucht von Rhacodactylus trachyrhynchus trachycephalus. Draco 9 (36): 37-41 - get paper here
  • Myers, Alan 1999. New Caledonian Geckos of the Genus Rhacodactylus. Gekko 1 (1): 30-34
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Roux,J. 1913. Les reptiles de de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et des îles Loyalty. In: Nova Caledonia, Recherches scientifiques en Nouvelle Calédonie et aux Iles Loyalty. Zoologie. (vol. 1, L. 2). Sarasin, F. & Roux,J. (eds.). C.W. Kreidel’s Verlag, Wiesbaden, pp. 79-160 - get paper here
  • Sameit, J. 1988. Rhacodactylus trachyrhynchus (BOCAGE). Sauria 10 (1) Suppl.: 099–100 - get paper here
  • Vences M, Henkel FW & Seipp,R 2001. Molekulare Untersuchungen zur Phylogenie und Taxonomie der Neukaledonischen Geckos der Gattung Rhacodactylus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). Salamandra 37 (2): 73-82 - get paper here
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