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Rhampholeon maspictus BRANCH, BAYLISS & TOLLEY, 2014

IUCN Red List - Rhampholeon maspictus - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesMount Mabu Pygmy Chameleon 
SynonymRhampholeon (Rhinodigitum) maspictus BRANCH, BAYLISS & TOLLEY 2014
Rhampholeon (Rhinodigitum) chapmanorum TILBURY 2010: 179
Rhampholeon sp. — TIMBERLAKE et al. 2012: 45
Rhampholeon sp. — BAYLISS et al. 2014: 179
Rhampholeon (Rhinodigitum) maspictus — GLAW 2015 
DistributionMozambique (Zambézia)

Type locality: vicinity of the main forest base camp, Mt. Mabu, Zambézia Province, Mozambique (16°17'10.1"S, 36°24'02.2"E; 967 m elevation Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: PEM R18072, adult male (Fig. 5A, 6A in BRANCH et al. 2014) collected by a W.R. Branch, J. Bayliss & W. Conradie,
27 May 2009
Allotype. An adult female with a small ventral incision (PEM R18061, Fig. 5B, 5A), same collecting details as holotype.
Paratypes. Eight specimens, comprising four males (PEM R18059, 18073 (Fig. 6B), 18074-75), same collecting details as holotype; three females (PEM R18069-70, 18076), same collecting details as holotype; and a hatchling (PEM R18068, Fig. 6C) 
CommentSize. Largest male—PEM R1874 (paratype) 65.2 + 2.1 = 85.3 mm; largest female—PEM R1869 (paratype) 64.4 + 16.2 = 8.6 mm. The smallest specimen—PEM R1868 (paratype, unsexed) 19.9 + 4.9 = 24.8 mm) appears to be newly hatched. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet derives from a combination of mas (L. = man) and pictus (L. = painted), alluding to the unusual bright colours of most males, which are often retained for long periods, even when sleeping at night. 
  • BRANCH, WILLIAM R.; JULIAN BAYLISS & KRYSTAL A. TOLLEY 2014. Pygmy chameleons of the Rhampholeon platyceps compex (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae): Description of four new species from isolated ‘sky islands’ of northern Mozambique. Zootaxa 3814 (1): 001–036
  • Conradie, Werner; Gabriela B. Bittencourt-Silva, Hanlie M. Engelbrecht, Simon P. Loader, Michele Menegon, Cristóvão Nanvonamuquitxo, Michael Scott, Krystal A. Tolley, 2016. Exploration into the hidden world of Mozambique’s sky island forests: new discoveries of reptiles and amphibians. Zoosyst. Evol. 92 (2): 163–180, DOI 10.3897/zse.92.9948 - get paper here
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
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