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Rhampholeon viridis MARIAUX & TILBURY, 2006

IUCN Red List - Rhampholeon viridis - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesGreen pygmy chameleon 
SynonymRhampholeon (Rhampholeon) viridis MARIAUX & TILBURY 2006
Rhampholeon (Rhampholeon) viridis — GLAW 2015
Rhampholeon viridis — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 25
Rhampholeon viridis — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 256 
DistributionTanzania (South Pare mountains)

Type locality: Tanga region, South Pare mountains, from a patch of forest next to the Hingili stream, just north of the Shengena Mountain FR [4°14' 50" S, 37°59'28" E], 1450 m elevation.  
TypesHolotype: NMZB 16905 (field tag CT 119), male; allotype NMZB 16906 (CT 120), female, 4 July 2001. Collected by Colin and Douglas Tilbury. 
EtymologyThe specific name derives from Latin viridis (green) and refers to the rich green colour of the males. 
  • FISSEHA, MAKDA; JEAN MARIAUX, MICHELE MENEGON 2013. The “Rhampholeon uluguruensis complex” (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae) and the taxonomic status of the pygmy chameleons in Tanzania. Zootaxa 3746 (3): 439–453
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). [type catalogue] Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • GOSTNER, Alexander 2009. Zur Haltung und Nachzucht von Rhampholeon (Rhampholeon) viridis. Chamaeleo 19 (1): 37 - get paper here
  • Mariaux, Jean and Colin R. Tilbury. 2006. The pygmy chameleons of the eastern Arc range (Tanzania): Evolutionary relationships and the description of three new species of Rhampholeon (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae). The Herpetological Journal 16 (3): 315-331
  • Rovero, F., Menegon, M., Fjeldså, J., Collett, L., Doggart, N., Leonard, C., Norton, G., Owen, N., Perkin, A., Spitale, D., Ahrends, A., Burgess, N. D. 2014. Targeted vertebrate surveys enhance the faunal importance and improve explanatory models within the Eastern Arc Mountains of Kenya and Tanzania. Diversity and Distributions. doi: 10.1111/ddi.12246 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Tilbury, C. 2010. Chameleons of Africa: An Atlas, Including the Chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt M., 831 pp.
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