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Rhinobothryum lentiginosum (SCOPOLI, 1785)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesAmazon Banded Snake 
SynonymColuber Lentiginosus SCOPOLI 1785
Coluber macrorhinus WAGLER 1830: 186
Rhinobothryum lentiginosum — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 1061
Rhinobothryum lentiginosum — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 269
Rhinobothryum lentiginosum — GASC & RODRIGUES 1980
Rhinobothryum lentiginosum — KORNACKER 1999: 132
Rhinobothryum lentiginosum — ROJAS-MORALES 2012
Rhinobothryum lentiginosum — WALLACH et al. 2014: 647 
DistributionBrazil (Rondonia, Mato Grosso, Acre, Pará etc.), Venezuela [HR 27: 154], French Guiana, Guyana, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru (Ucayali [HR 31: 57], Tambopata, Madre de Dios: [HR 31: 188])

Type locality: none given by SCOPOLI 1785 Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: none designated, a 1030 mm specimen (fide V. Wallach, pers. comm.) 
CommentSynonymy that of PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 269. The name Coluber macrorhinus has been credited to BOIE by WAGLER, but there seems to be no publication by BOIE describing it.

Distribution: Not in Paraguay (fide Paul Smith, pers. comm., 27 Apr 2014).

Type species: Coluber Lentiginosus SCOPOLI 1785 (1788 fide WALLACH et al. 2014: 647) is the type species of the genus Rhinobothryum WAGLER 1830. 
  • Almendariz, A. 1991. Anfibios y Reptiles [del Ecuador]. Rev. Politecnica. XVI (3): 89-162.
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Serpentes do Estado de Rondônia, Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 12(3): 1-29 - get paper here
  • CATENAZZI, A., LEHR, E. & VON MAY, R. 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Manu National Park and its buffer zone, Amazon basin and eastern slopes of the Andes, Peru. Biota Neotrop. 13(4): 269-283
  • Claessen, H. 2003. De slangen van de Guyanas Deel VII. Lacerta 61 (6): 221-234 - get paper here
  • Cole, Charles J.; Carol R. Townsend, Robert P. Reynolds, Ross D. MacCulloch, and Amy Lathrop 2013. Amphibians and reptiles of Guyana, South America: illustrated keys, annotated species accounts, and a biogeographic synopsis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 125 (4): 317-578; plates: 580-620 - get paper here
  • Doan,T.M. & Arizabal Arriga, W. 2000. New herpetological records for the Tambopata Province, Department of Madre de Dios, Perú. Herpetological Review 31 (3): 188-189 - get paper here
  • Duellman, W. E. 2005. Cusco Amazónico: The Lives of Amphibians and Reptiles in an Amazonian Rainforest. Comstock Pub Assoc.
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Fraga R de, Stow AJ, Magnusson WE, Lima AP 2014. The Costs of Evaluating Species Densities and Composition of Snakes to Assess Development Impacts in Amazonia. PLoS One 9 (8): e105453. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0105453 - get paper here
  • Frota, J.G. da; Pedroso dos Santos-Jr, Alfredo; Menezes-Chalkidis, H. de & Guimarães Guedes, A. 2005. AS SERPENTES DA REGIÃO DO BAIXO RIO AMAZONAS, OESTE DO ESTADO DO PARÁ, BRASIL (SQUAMATA). Biociências 13 (2): 211-220
  • Gasc & Rodrigues 1980. Liste preliminaire des Serpents de la Guyane francaise. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris 2 (4): 559-598
  • Gomes de Arruda, L. A., M. A. de Carvalho & R. A. Kawashita-Ribeiro 2015. New records of the Amazon banded snake Rhinobothryum lentiginosum (Serpentes: Colubridae) from Mato Grosso State, Brazil, with natural history notes. Salamandra 51 (2): 199-205 - get paper here
  • Guedes, Thaís B.;<br />Ricardo J. Sawaya,<br />Alexander Zizka,<br />Shawn Laffan,<br />Søren Faurby,<br />R. Alexander Pyron,<br />Renato S. Bérnils,<br />Martin Jansen,<br />Paulo Passos,<br />Ana L. C. Prudente,<br />Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia,<br 2017. Patterns, biases and prospects in the distribution and diversity of Neotropical snakes. Global Ecol Biogeogr 00:1–8 - get paper here
  • Kornacker,P.M. 1999. Checklist and key to the snakes of Venezuela. PaKo-Verlag, Rheinbach, Germany, 270 pp.
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Miranda, Daniele Bazzo; Nathocley Mendes Venâncio, Saymon de Albuquerque 2014. Rapid survey of the herpetofauna in an area of forest management in eastern Acre, Brazil. Check List 10 (4): 893-899 - get paper here
  • Molina R., Cesar R.;Rivas F., Gilson A. 1996. Geographic Distribution. Rhinobothryum lentiginosum. Herpetological Review 27 (3): 155 - get paper here
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Rojas-Morales; J. A. 2012. On the geographic distribution of the false coral snake, Rhinobothryum bovallii (Serpentes: Dipsadidae), in Colombia – a biogeographical perspective. Salamandra 48 (4): 243-248 - get paper here
  • Scopoli 1785. Deliciae Florae et Faunae insubricae. Vol. 3: 41 - get paper here
  • Starace, Fausto 1998. Guide des Serpents et Amphisbènes de Guyane. IBIS Rouge Editions, Guadeloupe, Guyane, 450 pp.
  • Starace, Fausto 2013. Guide des Serpents et Amphisbènes de Guyane. Ibis Rouge Editions, Matoury, Guyane, ISBN 978-2-84450-407-4 - get paper here
  • Venegas, P.J. & Couceiro, D. 2017. Rhinobothryum lentiginosum (Amazon Banded Snake) Reproduction. Herpetological Review 48 (3): 681-682.
  • Wagler, Jean G. 1830. Natürliches System der Amphibien, mit vorangehender Classification der Säugetiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Zoologie. 1.0. Cotta, München, Stuttgart, and Tübingen, 354 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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