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Rhinoclemmys diademata (MERTENS, 1954)

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Rhinoclemmydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Maracaibo Wood Turtle 
SynonymGeoemyda punctularia diademata MERTENS 1954
Rhinoclemmys diademata — PRITCHARD 1979
Rhinoclemmys punctularia diademata — ERNST 1981
Rhinoclemmys punctularia diademata — PAOLILLO 1985
Rhinoclemmys diademata — KING & BURKE 1989
Rhinoclemmys diademata — OBST 2003: 18
Rhinoclemmys diademata — TTWG 2014
Rhinoclemmys diademata — TTWG 2021 
DistributionColombia, Venezuela (Lake Maracaibo basin)

Type locality: `Maracay', Venezuela"; considered incorrect by Pritchard (1979:182). Maracay is not within the presently known range; see maps in Pritchard and Trebbau (1984:169-174, map 10) and Paolillo (1985).  
TypesHolotype: SMF 48141 
CommentHybrids between Rhinoclemmys diademata and R. punctularia have been described by FRITZ (1995). 
  • Armesto, Orlando; Aldemar A. Acevedo, Arley Gallardo, Rosmery Franco 2014. Rhinoclemmys diademata (Mertens 1954). Catálogo de Anfibios y Reptiles de Colombia 2 (1): 47-52 - get paper here
  • Ernst, C. H. 1981. Rhinoclemmys punctularia. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 276: 1-2. - get paper here
  • Ernst, C.H. 1978. A revision of the Neotropical turtle genus Callopsis (Testudines: Emydidae: Batagurinae). Herpetologica 34: 113-134. - get paper here
  • Fritz, U. 1995. Schildkröten-Hybriden. 2. Halsberger-Schildkröten (Cryptodira). Herpetofauna 17 (95): 19-34 - get paper here
  • Fuchs, Gerald. 2016. Erfolgreiche Haltung und Nachzucht der Maracaibo-Diademschildkröte (Rhinoclemmys diademata Mertens, 1954). Radiata 25 (1): 15-22
  • Mertens, R. 1954. Zur Kenntnis der Schildkrötenfauna Venezuela. Senckenbergiana Biologica 35:3-7.
  • Mertens, R. 1967. Die herpetologische Sektion des Natur-Museums und Forschungs-Institutes Senckenberg in Frankfurt am Main nebst einem Verzeichnis ihrer Typen. Senckenbergiana Biologica 48: 1-106 - get paper here
  • Methner, K., & Wicker, R. 1982. Zum Vorkommen von Rhinoclemmys punctularia in Kolumbien (Reptilia: Testudines: Emydidae). Salamandra 18 (3-4): 300-304 - get paper here
  • Obst, F.J. 2003. Sumpfschildkröten. Draco 4 (13): 4-18 - get paper here
  • Paolillo O., A. 1985. Description of a new subspecies of the turtle Rhinoclemmys punctularia (Daudin) (Testudines: Emydidae) from southern Venezuela. Amphibia-Reptilia 6: 293-305. - get paper here
  • Pritchard, P.C.H. 1979. Encyclopedia of Turtles. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune, New Jersey: 895 p.
  • Pritchard, P.C.H., and P. Trebbau. 1984. The Turtles of Venezuela. SSAR Contributions to Herpetology 2: viii + 402 pp.
  • Rivas Fuenmayor, Gilson, William P. McCord, Tito R. Barros and Cesar Luis Barrio Amorós. 2007. Rhinoclemmys diademata (Mertens, 1954), or "Galápago de Maracaibo" (Testudines; Geoemydidae): an unprotected turtle in the Maracaibo Basin, Venezuela. Radiata 16(1):16-23
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., Bour, R., Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H.B., and van Dijk, P.P. 2021. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (9th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Chelonian Research Monographs 8:1–472. doi:10.3854/crm.8.checklist.atlas.v9.2021. - get paper here
  • VARGAS-RAMÍREZ, MARIO, JOHN L. CARR, UWE FRITZ 2013. Complex phylogeography in Rhinoclemmys melanosterna: conflicting mitochondrial and nuclear evidence suggests past hybridization (Testudines: Geoemydidae). Zootaxa 3670: 238–254 - get paper here
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