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Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima (GRAY, 1855)

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Rhinoclemmydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
SubspeciesRhinoclemmys pulcherrima pulcherrima (GRAY 1855)
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima incisa (BOCOURT 1868)
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima manni (DUNN 1930)
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima rogerbarbouri (ERNST 1978) 
Common NamesE: Painted Wood Turtle
G: manni: Pracht-Erdschildkröte, Costa-Rica-Pracht-Erdschildkröte
S: Casco Rojo 
SynonymEmys pulcherrimus GRAY 1855
Rhinoclemmys frontalis GRAY 1873: 144
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima — GRAY 1873: 145
Emys pulcherrima — GÜNTHER 1885: 6
Nicoria punctularia var. pulcherrima BOULENGER 1889
Geoemyda pulcherrima WERMUTH & MERTENS 1961
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima — LINER 1994
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima — KÖHLER 2000: 22
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima — TTWG 2014
Emis pulcherrima — PALACIOS-AGUILAR 2020 (in error)
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima — TTWG 2021

Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima pulcherrima (GRAY 1855)
Rhinoclemmys bocourti GRAY 1873: 111
Geoemyda pulcherrima pulcherrima WETTSTEIN 1934
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima pulcherrima — OBST 2003: 18
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima pulcherrima — VALVERDE 2011
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima pulcherrima — TTWG 2021

Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima incisa (BOCOURT 1868)
Emys incisa BOCOURT 1868
Emys incisa — GRAY 1873: 110
Emys incisa — GÜNTHER 1885: 7
Nicoria punctularia var. incisa BOULENGER 1889
Geoemyda pulcherrima incisa WETTSTEIN 1934
Geoemyda pulcherrima incisa — MERTENS 1952: 36
Geoemyda pulcherrima incisa — STUART 1963
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima incisa — OBST 2003: 18
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima incisa — TTWG 2014
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima incisa — TTWG 2021

Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima manni (DUNN 1930)
Geoemyda manni DUNN 1930
Geoemyda pulcherrima manni WETTSTEIN 1934
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima manni — OBST 2003: 18
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima manni — SPINNER 2014
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima manni — TTWG 2021

Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima rogerbarbouri (ERNST 1978)
Callopsis pulcherrima rogerbarbouri ERNST 1978
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima rogerbarbouri — OBST 2003: 18
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima rogerbarbouri — VALVERDE 2011
Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima rogerbarbouri — TTWG 2021 
DistributionMexico (Sonora, Sinaloa, Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima, Michoacan, Guerrero, Oaxaca, Chiapas, Chihuahua),
Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica

pulcherrima: Mexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca)

incisa: Mexico (Oaxaca) through N Nicaragua, El Salvador; Type locality: Volcano Conchagua near La Union, El Salvador.

manni: S Nicaragua through Costa Rica

rogerbarbouri: Mexico (Sinaloa).

Type locality: "Mexico"; restricted by Smith and Taylor 1950:30, to "Presidio de Mazatlan, Sinaloa, Mexico; restriction corrected by Ernst 1978:125, to the "vicinity of San Marcos, Guerrero, Mexico" (cited after KING & BURKE 1989).  
ReproductionOviparous. Exhibits temperature‐dependent sex determination (TSD) fide Cornejo-Páramo et al. 2020 (and references therein). 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1947.3.5.52.
Holotype: AMNH 63760 [rogerbarbouri]
Holotype: MNHN-RA 9131, adult female, collected by Bocourt [incisa]
Holotype: MCZ 29097, adult female, collected by E. R. Dunn in 1930 [manni] 
EtymologyThe name pulcherrima is derived from the Latin word pulcherrimus (prettiest) and refers to the colorful head and shell markings of the juvenile holotype of this species (given the non-Latinized name ‘‘The Dotted Emys’’ by Gray, 1856). 
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