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Rhinoleptus koniagui (VILLIERS, 1956)

IUCN Red List - Rhinoleptus koniagui - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLeptotyphlopidae, Epictinae, Rhinoleptini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Villiers' Blind Snake 
SynonymTyphlops koniagui VILLIERS 1956: 151
Leptotyphlops koniagui — GUIBE, ROUX-ESTEVE & VILLIERS 1967
Rhinoleptus koniagui — OREJAS-MIRANDA, ROUX-ESTÈVE & GUIBÉ 1970
Rhinoleptus koniagui — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 46
Rhinoleptus koniagui — TRAPE & MANÉ 2006
Rhinoleptus koniagui — BOUNDY 2014
Rhinoleptus koniagui — WALLACH et al. 2014: 650 
DistributionSenegal, Guinea (Conakry), Mali, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia

Type locality: Youkounkoun, Guinea.  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 8730 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Species in this genus have 16 midbody scale rows, 14 midtail scale rows, 302–546 middorsal scale rows, 21–30 subcaudals, 2–4 supralabials, small anterior supralabials, 160–460 mm maximum adult total length, a body shape of 67–160 (total length/width), a relative tail length of 3.7–10.0 %, a tail shape of 3.5, no striped pattern, a brown dorsum, and brown venter (Table 2). They are distinguished from the other genus in this tribe, Guinea, by having 16 midbody scale rows (versus 14), 14 midtail rows (versus 12), 302–546 middorsal rows (versus 173–288), 21–30 subcaudals (versus 6–16), and a body shape of 67–160 (versus 24– 69.2). Only one species was included in the molecular phylogenetic analyses (Figs. 3–4). [from ADALSTEINSSON et al. 2009]. 
CommentType species: Typhlops koniagui VILLIERS 1956 is the type species of the genus Rhinoleptus Orejas-Miranda, Roux-Estève, and Guibé, 1970. 
EtymologyThe genus name is masculine and derived from the Greek noun rhinos (nose) and Greek adjective leptos (thin), in allusion to the unusual rostral scale of Rhinoleptus koniagui, with its narrow and pointed anterior tip. 
  • Adalsteinsson, S.A.; Branch, W.R.; Trapé, S.; Vitt, L.J. & Hedges, S.B. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa 2244: 1-50 - get paper here
  • Barnett, Linda K. & Emms, Craig 2005. Common reptiles of The Gambia. Rare Repro, Hailsham, East Sussex, 24 pp.
  • Böhme, Wolfgang, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Christian Brede & Philipp Wagner 2011. The reptiles (Testudines, Squamata, Crocodylia) of the forested southeast of the Republic Guinea (Guinée forestière), with a country-wide checklist. Bonn zoological Bulletin 60 (1): 35-61 - get paper here
  • Boundy, J. 2014. COMMENTS ON SOME AFRICAN TAXA OF LEPTOTYPHLOPID SNAKES. Occ. Pap. Mus. Nat. Sci. Louisiana State Univ. 84: 1-8
  • Broadley, Donald G. 1999. A new species of worm snake from Ethiopia (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Arnoldia Zimbabwe 10 (14): 141-144
  • Chippaux, Jean-Philippe & Kate Jackson 2019. Snakes of Central and Western Africa. Johns Hopkins University Press, 448 pp. [detaileld review in HR 51 (1): 161] - get paper here
  • Guibé, J., R. ROUX-ESTÈVE & A. VILLIERS 1967. Typhlops koniagui Villiers = Leptotyphlops koniagui (Serpentes). Bull. Mus. nation. Hist. nat., Paris (sér.2) 39 (3): 452-453. - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Orejas-Miranda, ROUX-ESTEVE & GUIBÉ 1970. Un nouveau genre de Leptotyphlopides (Ophidia) Rhinoleptus koniagui (Villiers). Comun. Zool. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, 10 (127): 1 - 4
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Trape, J.-F. & Mané, Y. 2004. Les serpents des environs de Bandafassi (Sénégal oriental). Bull. Soc. Herp. France 109: 5-34 - get paper here
  • Trape, J.-F. & Mané, Y. 2006. Guide des serpents d’Afrique occidentale. Savane et désert. [Senegal, Gambia, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger]. IRD Editions, Paris, 226 pp. - get paper here
  • TRAPE, JEAN-FRANÇOIS & CELLOU BALDÉ 2014. A checklist of the snake fauna of Guinea, with taxonomic changes in the genera Philothamnus and Dipsadoboa (Colubridae) and a comparison with the snake fauna of some other West African countries. Zootaxa 3900 (3): 301–338 - get paper here
  • Trape, Jean-François & Youssouph Mané 2017. The snakes of Mali. Bonn zoological Bulletin 66 (2): 107–133 - get paper here
  • Villiers, A. 1956. Le Parc National du Niokolo-Koba 1: V. Reptiles. Mém. Inst. franç. Afr. noire, Dakar, 1956 (48): 143-162
  • Villiers, A. 1956. Liste des types deposes au Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle par l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire. Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 2nd ser. 28 (6): 495-496
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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