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Higher TaxaUropeltidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesSinhala: Eranga Virajge thudulla
Tamil: Eranga Virajvin nilakael pambu
E: Eranga Viraj’s shieldtail snake 
Rhinophis erangaviraji — WALLACH et al. 2014: 650 
DistributionSri Lanka (Rakwana massif)

Type locality: ‚Enselwatte Estate, Sinharaja Division (Army Camp Forest), Rakwana hills, Matara District, Southern Province (N 06º 23', E 080º 36'), 1042 m elevation.”  
TypesHolotype: NMSL 20080601, adult male 214 mm SVL, Coll. Dulan Vidanapathirana, Nayanaka Ranwella and L. J. M. Wickramasinghe. 5 December, 2007.
Paratypes: NMSL20080602, adult female 291 mm SVL; NMSL20080603, adult male 204 mm SVL; NMSL20080604, adult female 241 mm SV; NMSL20080605, small male 103 mm SVL. Collection data as for holotype. 
EtymologyNamed for the late Mr. Eranga Viraj Dayarathne, an Instructor of the Reptiles group of the Young Zoologists’ Association of Sri Lanka, Department of National Zoological Gardens. 
  • Cadle, John E.; Dessauer, Herbert C.; Gans, Carl; Gartside, Donald F. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships and molecular evolution in uropeltid snakes (Serpentes: Uropeltidae): allozymes and albumin immunology. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 40: 293-320 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Pyron R. A., Ganesh S. R., Sayyed A., Sharma V., Wallach V. & Somaweera R. 2016. A catalogue and systematic overview of the shield-tailed snakes (Serpentes: Uropeltidae). [type catalogue] Zoosystema 38 (4): 453-506 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R. Alexander; H.K. Dushantha Kandambi, Catriona R. Hendry, Vishan Pushpamal, Frank T. Burbrink, Ruchira Somaweera 2013. Genus-level phylogeny of snakes reveals the origins of species richness in Sri Lanka. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66 (3): 969-978 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wickramasinghe, L.J. Mendis; Vidanapathirana, D.R.; Wickramasinghe, N. & Ranwella, P.N. 2009. A new species of Rhinophis Hemprich, 1820 (Reptilia: Serpentes: Uropeltidae) from Rakwana massif, Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 2044: 1-22 - get paper here
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