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Rhinophis melanogaster (GRAY, 1858)

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Higher TaxaUropeltidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Gray's Earth Snake 
SynonymMytilia (Crealia) melanogaster GRAY 1858: 264
Mytilia melanogaster GRAY 1858: 380
Plectrurus ceylonicus PETERS 1859: 388
Rhinophis melanogaster — JAN 1865
Silybura melanogaster — BEDDOME 1886: 20
Silybura melanogaster — BOULENGER 1893: 146
Silybura melanogaster — WALL 1921:
Uropeltis melanogaster — SMITH 1943: 86
Uropeltis melanogaster — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 147
Uropeltis melanogaster — MATTISON 2007: 200
Uropeltis melanogaster — WALLACH et al. 2014: 780 
DistributionSri Lanka (Hills of the Central Province)

Type locality: „Ceylon".  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946. 1.16.94— 1946.1.16.97. 
  • Beddome, R.H. 1886. An account of the earth snakes of the Peninsula of India and Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 17: 3-33. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • de Silva, Anslem, S. Goonewardene, A. Bauer, Christopher Austin, John Drake and P. de Silva 2005. Notes on the snakes inhabiting the Knuckles massif with special reference to Uropeltis melanogaster (Gray, 1858) and Uropeltis phillipsi (Nicholls, 1929). Lyriocephalus (Special Issue) 6(1-2):149-159 - get paper here
  • Gray, J.E. 1858. On a new genus and several new species of Uropeltidae in the collection of the British Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1858: 260-265. - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1858. On a new genus and several new species of Uropeltidae in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 2: 376-381 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 9. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris [1864] - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1859. Eine neue Schlange aus der Familie der Uropeltacea, Plectrurus ceylonicus und einige Notizen uuber die hieher gehörigen Arten des K. zoologischen Museums. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1859 (Mai):388-389. - get paper here
  • Pyron R. A., Ganesh S. R., Sayyed A., Sharma V., Wallach V. & Somaweera R. 2016. A catalogue and systematic overview of the shield-tailed snakes (Serpentes: Uropeltidae). [type catalogue] Zoosystema 38 (4): 453-506 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wall, FRANK 1921. Ophidia Taprobanica or the Snakes of Ceylon. Colombo Mus. (H. R. Cottle, govt. printer), Colombo. xxii, 581 pages - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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