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Rhinophis philippinus (CUVIER, 1829)

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Higher TaxaUropeltidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Peters' Philippine Earth Snake 
SynonymTyphlops philippinus CUVIER 1829: 74
Rhinophis Philippinus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 154
Rhinophis planiceps PETERS 1861: 17
Rhinophis planiceps — BEDDOME 1886: 6
Rhinophis planiceps — BOULENGER 1893: 141
Rhinophis planiceps — WALL 1921: 36
Rhinophis philippinus — SMITH 1943: 91
Rhinophis philippinus — GANS 1966
Rhinophis philippinus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 139
Rhinophis philippinus — WICKRAMASINGHE et al. 2009
Rhinophis philippinus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 651 
DistributionSri Lanka (Yatiyantota area, Balongada, Bulutota area, Rakvana in hills below 3,000 feet elevation [400-700 m elevation], Sabaragamuva Province; Kandy, Central Province)

Type locality: „Philippines” [CUVIER 1829]
Type locality: ,‚Zeylania" = Ceylon = Sri Lanka [PETERS 1861]  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 5621 (CUVIER 1829)
Holotype: BMNH 1946.1.16.99 (formerly [planiceps] 
  • Beddome, R.H. 1886. An account of the earth snakes of the Peninsula of India and Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 17: 3-33. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Cuvier, G. J. L. N. F. D. 1829. Le Regne Animal Distribué, d'apres son Organisation, pur servir de base à l'Histoire naturelle des Animaux et d'introduction à l'Anatomie Comparé. Nouvelle Edition [second edition]. Vol. 2. Les Reptiles. Déterville, Paris, i-xvi, 1-406 - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 1966. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien. Uropeltidae. Das Tierreich Lfg. 84, 29 pp.
  • Gans, C; D Baic 1977. Regional specialization of reptilian scale surfaces: relation of texture and biologic role. Science 195(4284):1348-50 - get paper here
  • Huntley, L. C., Gower, D. J., Sampaio, F. L., Collins, E. S., Goswami, A., & Fabre, A.-C. 2021. Intraspecific morphological variation in the shieldtail snake Rhinophis philippinus (Serpentes: Uropeltidae), with particular reference to tail-shield and cranial 3D geometric morphometrics. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 59, 1357– 1370 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 9. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris [1864] - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Peters, WILHELM CARL HARTWIG 1861. De serpentum familia Uropeltaceorum. PhD Thesis., Berlin, 22 pp.
  • Pyron R. A., Ganesh S. R., Sayyed A., Sharma V., Wallach V. & Somaweera R. 2016. A catalogue and systematic overview of the shield-tailed snakes (Serpentes: Uropeltidae). [type catalogue] Zoosystema 38 (4): 453-506 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Ukuwela, K.D.B., de Silva, A., Sivaruban, A. et al. 2022. Diversity, distribution, and natural history of the marine snakes of Sri Lanka. Marine Biodiversity 52, 24 (2022) - get paper here
  • Wall, FRANK 1921. Ophidia Taprobanica or the Snakes of Ceylon. Colombo Mus. (H. R. Cottle, govt. printer), Colombo. xxii, 581 pages - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wickramasinghe, L.J. Mendis; Vidanapathirana, D.R.; Wickramasinghe, N. & Ranwella, P.N. 2009. A new species of Rhinophis Hemprich, 1820 (Reptilia: Serpentes: Uropeltidae) from Rakwana massif, Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 2044: 1-22 - get paper here
  • Williams, Ernest E. 1959. The occipito-vertebral joint in the burrowing snakes of the family Uropeltidae. Breviora (106): 1-10 - get paper here
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