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Rieppeleon kerstenii (PETERS, 1868)

IUCN Red List - Rieppeleon kerstenii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesRieppeleon kerstenii kerstenii (PETERS 1868)
Rieppeleon kerstenii robecchii (BOULENGER 1891) 
Common NamesE: Kenya Stumptail Chameleon, Kenya leaf chameleon, Kenya pigmy chameleon
G: Somali-Zwergchamäleon, Stummelschwanzchamäleon 
SynonymChamaeleo Kerstenii PETERS 1868: 449
Rhampholeon Kerstenii — FISCHER 1884: 23
Rhampholeon kerstenii — GÜNTHER 1880: 238
Rhampholeon Kerstenii — FISCHER 1884: 47
Brookesia kerstenii — LOVERIDGE 1936: 335
Brookesia kerstenii — MERTENS 1966 : 2
Rhampholeon kerstenii — KLAVER & BÖHME 1986: 58
Rhampholeon kerstenii — NECAS 1999: 254
Rhampholeon kerstenii kerstenii — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 14
Rieppeleon kerstenii — MATTHEE et al. 2004
Rieppeleon kerstenii kerstenii — LEPTIEN 2006
Rieppeleon kerstenii kerstenii — TILBURY 2010: 219

Rieppeleon kerstenii robecchii (BOULENGER 1891)
Rhampholeon robecchii BOULENGER 1891: 13
Rhampholeon mandera MEEK 1897: 183 (fide WERNER 1902)
Rhampholeon kerstenii robecchii — LOVERIDGE 1936: 79
Rhampholeon kerstenii robecchii — LANZA 1988
Rhampholeon robecchii — PIANKA & VITT 2003: 56
Rhampholeon robecchii — NECAS & SCHMIDT 2004
Rieppeleon kerstenii robecchii — TILBURY 2010: 219
Rieppeleon robecchii — MAZUCH 2013
Rieppeleon kerstenii robecchii — GLAW 2015 
DistributionNE/E Kenya, E Tanzania

Type locality: Wanga [=Vanga], bei Mombas (= Mombasa), Kenya

robecchii: Somalia, Ethiopia, NE Kenya; Type locality: “Wuorandi, near Obbia” [= Warandi, Somalia]. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 5516
Holotype: MCSN-EE 29079 (presumed to have been lost in the floods of 1970, fide TILBURY 2010: 219) [robecchii]
Holotype: FMNH 370 [mandera] 
CommentType Species: Chamaeleo Kerstenii PETERS 1868 is the type species of the genus Rieppeleon MATTHEE et al. 2004.

Subspecies: Rieppeleon kerstenii robecchii (BOULENGER 1892) has been elevated to full species. 
EtymologyThe genus has been named for the comparative anatomist Olivier Rieppel who first identified the paraphyly of the African pygmy chameleons by virtue of differences in cranial anatomy. The species is dedicated to OTTO KERSTEN (1839-1900), a German chemist and African traveller.

Rieppeleon kerstenii robecchii has been named after the collector of the type, Sig. L. Bricchetti Robecchi. 
References
  • Angel, Fernand 1925. Résultats Scientifiques. Vertebrata. Reptiles et Batraciens. [Mabuia (Mabuiopsis) jeanneli, Lygosoma graueri quinquedigitata, Ablepharus massaiensis]. In: Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911-1912). - Paris, 2: 1-63.
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1892. On newly-discoverded East African chameleons, with remarks on some other reptiles described by Dr. Steindachner. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 9: 72. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1891. On some Reptiles collected by Sig. L. Bricchetti Robecchi in Somaliland. Ann. Mus. St. nat. Genova (2) 12: 5-15 [1892?]
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
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  • Fischer, J. G. 1884. Herpetologische Bemerkungen. Abh. Nat. Ver. Hamburg 8 (2): 43-51 (3-11)
  • Fischer, J. G. 1884. Über einige afrikanische Reptilien, Amphibien und Fische des Naturhistorischen Museums I. Über die von Herrn Dr. G.A. Fischer in Massai Gebiete (Ost Afrika) auf seiner in Veranlassung der geographischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg unternommenen Expeditio Jahrb. Hamburg Wiss. Anst. 1: 1-32 - get paper here
  • Friederich, Ursel 1985. Beobachtungen an Rhampholeon kerstenii kerstenii (PETERS, 1868) im Terrarium. Salamandra 21 (1): 40-45
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  • Günther,C.A.L.G. 1880. Description of new species of reptiles from eastern Africa. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 6 (33): 234-238 - get paper here
  • Klaver,C. & BÖHME,W. 1986. Phylogeny and classification of the Chamaeleonidae (Sauria), with special reference to hemipenis morphology. Bonn. zool. Monogr., 22: 1-64.
  • Klaver,Ch. 1979. A review of Brookesia systematics with special reference to lung-morphology (Reptilia: Sauria: Chamaeleonidae). Bonn. zool. Beitr. 30 (1-2): 162-175 - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988]
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  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Leptien, R. 1991. Haltung und Nachzucht von Rhampholeon kerstenii kerstenii (PETERS 1868). Salamandra 27 (1/2): 7075
  • Leptien, R. 2003. Getting started keeping chameleons. Reptilia (GB) (26): 11-14 - get paper here
  • Leptien, R. 2006. Mimese und Abwehrverhalten bei Stummelschwanzchamäleons. Reptilia (Münster) 11 (60): 5-6 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1920. Notes on East African lizards collected 1915-1919, with description of a new genus and species of skink and new subspecies of gecko. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1920: 131-167 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1936. Scientific results of an expedition to rain forest regions in Eastern Africa. V. Reptiles. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 79 (5): 209-337 - get paper here
  • Malonza, Patrick K.; Victor D. Wasonga, Vincent Muchai , Damaris Rotich, Beryl A. Bwong; A.M. Bauer 2006. DIVERSITY AND BIOGEOGRAPHY OF HERPETOFAUNA OF THE TANA RIVER PRIMATE NATIONAL RESERVE, KENYA. Journal of East African Natural History 95(2): 95–109
  • Mariaux, Jean and Colin R. Tilbury. 2006. The pygmy chameleons of the eastern Arc range (Tanzania): Evolutionary relationships and the description of three new species of Rhampholeon (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae). The Herpetological Journal 16 (3): 315-331
  • Matthee, C.; Tilbury, C.R. & Townsend, T. 2004. A phylogenetic review of the African leaf chameleons: genus Rhampholeon (Chamaeleonidae): the role of vicariance and climate change in speciation. Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) B271: 1967-1975 - get paper here
  • Mazuch, Tomáš 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of Somaliland and Eastern Ethiopia. Tomáš Mazuch Publishing, 80 pp. ISBN: 978-80-905439-0-4 - get paper here
  • Meek, S. E. 1897. List of fishes and Reptiles observed by Field Colombian Museum East African Expedition to Somaliland in 1896. Publ. Field Mus. Zool. 1: 165-183
  • Menegon, M.; Salvidio, S. & Tilbury, C. 2002. A new dwarf chamaeleon from the Udzungwa Mountains of Tanzania, East Africa (Squamata: Rhampholeon Günther 1874). Journal of Herpetology 36 (1): 51-57 - get paper here
  • Mertens, Robert 1966. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien: Chamaeleonidae. Das Tierreich 83: 1-37
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Geheimnisvolle Mini-Drachen: Die Erd- und Stummelschwanzchamäleons der Gattungen Brookesia und Rhampholeon. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (48): 18-27 - get paper here
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Mysterious Mini-Dragons: the stump-tailed chameleons Brookesia and Rhampholeon. Reptilia (GB) (35): 10-21 - get paper here
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Stummelschwanzchamäleons - Miniaturdrachen des Regenwalds. Die Gattungen Brookesia und Rhampholeon. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 255 pp. [review in Reptilia, Münster, 11 (5): 94]
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Stump-tailed Chameleons. Miniature Dragons of the Rainforest. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 256 pp. [review in Elaphe 14 (1): 24]
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  • Okajima Y, Kumazawa Y 2010. Mitochondrial genomes of acrodont lizards: timing of gene rearrangements and phylogenetic and biogeographic implications. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10:141
  • Peters,W.C.H. 1868. Über eine neue Nagergattung, Chiropodomys penicullatus, sowie über einige neue oder weniger bekannte Amphibien und Fische. M. Ber. k. preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1868 : 448-461 - get paper here
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  • Schmidt, W. 2011. haltung und Zucht des Stummelschwanzchamäleons Rieppeleon kerstenii. Elaphe 19 (3): 51-55
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • Spawls, S. & Rotich, D. 1997. An annotated checklist of the lizards of Kenya. J. East African Nat. Hist. 86: 61-83 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
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