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Saltuarius cornutus (OGILBY, 1892)

IUCN Red List - Saltuarius cornutus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaCarphodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Common NamesE: Northern Leaf-tail Gecko, Leaf-tailed Gecko
G: Blattschwanzgecko 
SynonymGymnodactylus cornutus OGILBY 1892
Phyllurus lichenosus GÜNTHER 1897
Phyllurus cornutus — GÜNTHER 1897
Phyllurus cornutus — GARMAN 1901: 2
Gymnodactylus platurus — LÖNNBERG & ANDERSSON 1915
Phyllurus cornutus — LOVERIDGE 1947: 299
Gymnodactylus spyrurus — BARRETT 1950 (non Gymnodactylus sphyryrus OG.)
Phyllurus cornutus — WERMUTH 1965: 148
Phyllurus cornutum — SWANSON 1976
Phyllurus swaini — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Phyllurus cornutus — KLUGE 1993
Saltuarius cornutus — COUPER, COVACEVICH & MORITZ 1993
Saltuarius cornutus — RÖSLER 1995: 78
Saltuarius cornutus — COGGER 2000: 269
Saltuarius cornutus — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Saltuarius cornutus — LIVIGNI 2013: 264
Saltuarius cornutus — COGGER 2014: 278
Saltuarius cornutus — RÖSLER 2018: 23 
DistributionAustralia (four disjunct populations in Queensland):
N Cape York Peninsula near Coen, Townsville to Cooktown, Stanthorpe, extreme SE Qeensland through coastal New South Wales.

Type locality: Bellenden-Ker Ranges, NE Queensland.  
TypesLectotype: AMS R749 Cairns district, Qld (Cairns & Grant). Designation by Cogger et al. (1983), as determined by Shea & Sadlier (1999). 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS (genus): Nostril in contact with rostral (vs not contacting the rostral in Phyllurus); anterior margin of interclavicle flat, or forward projecting without distinct process, Fig. 2a-d (vs bearing a distinct process); axilla not, or only very rarely and shallowly, invaginated (vs always, sometimes deeply invaginated); epipubic cartilage moderate to large, wedge-shaped, Fig. la-d (vs small - moderate, wedge-shaped); male preanal pores present, Fig. 5a-c; save for one species (from COUPER et al. 1993). 
CommentPhyllurus cornutus seems to be a composite species.

Type Species: Gymnodactylus cornutus OGILBY 1892 is the type species of the genus Saltuarius. 
EtymologyETYMOLOGY (genus): From the Latin - 'keeper of the forest'. 
  • Barrett, Charles 1950. Reptiles of Australia. Cassell & Co., London, 168 pp.
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P.J.; Covacevich, J.A. & Mortiz, C. 1993. A review of the leaf-tailed geckos endemic to eastern Australia: a new genus, four new species, and other new data. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 34 (1): 95-124
  • Garman, S. 1901. Some reptiles and batrachians from Australasia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 39: 1-14 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1897. Descriptions of new species of lizards and of a tree—frog from north-eastern Queensland. Novitates Zoologicae (Tring) 4: 403-406 - get paper here
  • Hoskin C.J.; Couper P.J. 2013. A spectacular new leaf-tailed gecko (Carphodactylidae: Saltuarius) from the Melville Range, north-east Australia. Zootaxa 3717 (4): 543–558 - get paper here
  • Hoskin, C.J.; P. J. Couper & C. J. Schneider 2003. A New Species of Phyllurus (Lacertailia: Gekkonidae) and a Revised Phylogeny and Key for the Australian Leaf-tailed Geckos. Australian Journal of Zoology 51 (2): 153-164 - get paper here
  • Laube, A. & Langner, C. 2007. Die australischen Riesenblattschwanzgeckos der Gattung Saltuarius. Draco 8 (29): 67-77 - get paper here
  • LiVigni, F. (ed.) 2013. A Life for Reptiles and Amphibians, Volume 1. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 495 pp. - get paper here
  • Love, B. 2012. Auf Reptiliensuche in Australien. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (95): 18-19 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1947. Revision of the African lizards of the family Gekkondiae. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 98: 1-469 - get paper here
  • Ogilby, J. D. 1892. Descriptions of three new Australian lizards. Rec. Austral. Mus. 2: 6—11 - get paper here
  • Riedel, J., Nordberg, E. and Schwarzkopf, L. 2020. Ecological niche and microhabitat use of Australian geckos. Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution
  • Rösler, H. 1985. Zum Vorhandensein von Präanalporen bei Phyllurus cornutus (OGILBY, 1892). Sauria 7 (4): 29-30 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2018. Haftbar -- Die einzigartige Welt der Geckos. Begleitheft zur Ausstellung im Naturkundemuseum Erfurt Mai-Aug 2018, 96 pp.
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Shea, Glenn M; Sadlier, Ross A 1999. A catalogue of the non-fossil amphibian and reptile type specimens in the collection of the Australian Museum: types currently, previously and purportedly present. TECHNICAL REPORTS OF THE AUSTRALIAN MUSEUM 15, 1999: 1-91
  • Swanson, S. 1976. Lizards of Australia. Angus & Robertson, Sydney 80 pp.
  • Wells, R. W. and Wellington, C. R. 1985. A classification of the Amphibia and Reptilia of Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology, Supplementary Series (1): 1-61 [sometimes cited as 1983] - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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