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Sanzinia madagascariensis (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1844)

IUCN Red List - Sanzinia madagascariensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaBoidae (Sanziniinae, Sanziniidae), Henophidia, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Madagascar ground boa, Madagascar Tree Boa
G: Madagaskar-Hundskopfboa 
SynonymXiphosoma madagascariensis DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1844: 549
Sanzinia madagascariensis — GRAY 1849
Corallus madagascariensis — BOULENGER 1893: 103
Sanzina madagascarensis [sic] — AUFFENBERG 1958
Sanzinia madagascariensis — KLUGE 1991: 10
Boa manditra — KLUGE 1991: 47 (replacement name)
Sanzinia madagascariensis — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 327
Boa manditra — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 186
Sanzinia madagascariensis — ANDREONE et al. 2000
Sanzinia madagascariensis — VENCES et al. 2001
Sanzinia madagascariensis — REYNOLDS et al. 2014 
DistributionE Madagascar, Nossi Be = Nosy Bé

Type locality: Madagascar Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes: MHNP 43 and 7329 
CommentSubspecies: Both (sub-) species are parapatric and their distribution areas approach each other only in the very south of Madagascar. Some authors suggested that S. m. volontany should be elevated to specific status despite an apparent lack of diagnostic morphological differences (Orozco-Terwengel et al., 2008, Reynolds et al. 2014).

Size: Length up to 2.5 m (TRUTNAU 1979), maybe only 2 m (BRYGOO 1982).

Type species: Xiphosoma madagascariensis DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1844: 549 is the type species of the genus Sanzinia GRAY 1849.

Type genus. Sanzinia Gray 1849 is the type genus of the family Sanziniidae Romer 1956. Pyron et al. 2014 placed Acrantophis and Sanzinia in the family. 
EtymologyThe Etymology of the genus is unclear. However, it may have been named after Victor Sganzin who traveled to some islands on which the species is found (Borer 2013). The species has been named after its distribution in Madagascar. 
References
  • ANDREONE F., F. GLAW, R. A. NUSSBAUM, C. J. RAXWORTHY, M. VENCES, and<br />J. E. RANDRIANIRINA 2003. The amphibians and reptiles of Nosy Be (NW Madagascar) and nearby islands: a case study of diversity and conservation of an insular fauna. J. Nat. Hist. 37 (17): 2119–2149
  • Andreone F., Randrianirina J., Jenkins P.D. & Aprea G. 2000. Species diversity of Amphibia, Reptilia and Lipotyphla (Mammalia) at Ambolokopatrika, a rainforest between the Anjanaharibe-Sud and Marojejy massifs, NE Madagascar. Biodiversity and Conservation 9: 1587–1622
  • Auffenberg, W. 1958. The trunk musculature of Sanzina and its bearing on certain aspects of the myological evolution of snakes. Breviora (82): 1-12 - get paper here
  • Borer, M. 2010. Sanzinia madagascariensis. Haltung und Zucht der Madagaskar-Hundskopfboa oder des Madagassischen Hundskopfschlingers. Reptilia (Münster) 15 (86): 57-59 - get paper here
  • Borer, Markus 2013. Madagaskarboas Acrantophis und Sanzinia - Lebensweise, Pflege und Fortpflanzung. KUS-Verlag, 136 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Brygoo, E. R. 1982. Les ophidiens de Madagascar. Instit. Butantan, Sao Paulo, Mem. 46: 19-58.
  • D'Cruze, Neil; Annette Olsonn, David Henson, Sunil Kumar, and David Emmett. 2009. The Amphibians and Reptiles of the Lower Onilahy River Valley, a Temporary Protected Area in Southwest Madagascar. Herp. Cons. Biol. 4: 62-79 - get paper here
  • D'Cruze, Neil; Jeremy Sabel, Katie Green, Jeffrey Dawson, Carlie Gardner, Janine Robinson, Georgina 2007. The First Comprehensive Survey of Amphibians and Reptiles at Montagne des Francais, Madagascar. Herp. Cons. Biol. 2 (2): 87-99
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1844. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol.6. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 609 pp. - get paper here
  • D’Cruze, N.; Köhler, J.; Franzen, M & Glaw, F. 2008. A conservation assessment of the amphibians and reptiles of the Forêt d’Ambre Special Reserve, north Madagascar. MADAGASCAR CONSERVATION & DEVELOPMENT 3 (1): 44-54
  • Gehring, P.S. 2010. Fady, Tavy und Aye-Aye - unterwegs im Nordosten Madagaskars. Elaphe 18 (2): 62-71
  • Glaw, F. & Glaw, K. 2004. Geheimnisvolle Madagaskarboas: Sanzinia und Acrantophis. Draco 5 (19): 37-43 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1849. Catalogue of the specimens of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Edward Newman, London, i-xv; 1-125. - get paper here
  • Hilgartner, R. Raoilison, M. 2005. Freilandbeobachtungen am Madagaskar-Leguan Oplurus cuvieri GRAY, 1831. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (53): 64-69 - get paper here
  • Hyde Roberts, S. & C. Daly 2014. A rapid herpetofaunal assessment of Nosy Komba Island, northwestern Madagascar, with new locality records for seventeen species. Salamandra 50 (1): 18-26 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1864. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 7. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Kluge, A.G. 1991. Boine snake phylogeny and research cycles. Publs Mus Zool Univ Michigan 178: 1-58
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Meier, H. 1980. Beobachtungen an der Riesenschlange Sanzinia madagascariensis. Das Aquarium, Wuppertal 127: 36-37
  • Orozco-Terwengel, P., Nagy, Z.T., Vieites, D.R., Vences, M., Louis Jr., E. 2008. Phylogeography and phylogenetic relationships of Malagasy tree and ground boas. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 95, 640–652. - get paper here
  • Pawlik, K. 2012. Chamäleon-Urlaub – eine Madagaskar-Reise. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (96): 103-109 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R. Alexander; Reynolds, R. Graham & Frank T. Burbrink 2014. A Taxonomic Revision of Boas (Serpentes: Boidae). Zootaxa 3846 (2): 249–260
  • Reynolds, R. Graham; Matthew L. Niemiller, Liam J. Revell 2014. Toward a Tree-of-Life for the boas and pythons: Multilocus species-level phylogeny with unprecedented taxon sampling. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 201–213 [published online in 2013] - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Dieter 2010. Vermehrung und Zucht von Riesenschlangen. Draco 11 (44): 4-17 - get paper here
  • Trutnau, L. 1979. Schlangen im Terrarium. Bd. 1: Ungiftige Schlangen. Stuttgart (Ulmer Verlag)
  • Vences, M. & Glaw, F. 2004. Phylogeography, systematics and conservation status of boid snakes from Madagascar (Sanzinia and Acrantophis). Salamandra 39 (3/4): 181-206 [2003] - get paper here
  • VENCES, M., F. GLAW, J. KOSUCH, W. BÖHME & M. VEITH 2001. Phylogeny of South American and Malagasy Boine snakes: Molecular evidence for the validity of Sanzinia and Acrantophis and biogeographic implications. Copeia 2001 (4): 1151-1154 - get paper here
 
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