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Sarada darwini DEEPAK, KARANTH, DUTTA & GIRI, 2016

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesDarwin’s large fan-throated lizard 
SynonymSarada darwini DEEPAK, KARANTH, DUTTA & GIRI 2016 
DistributionIndia (Karnataka, Maharashtra), elevation 550-680 m.

Type locality: Bidnal, georeferenced latitude N15.32724°, longitude E75.15823°, Dharwad District, Karnataka State.  
ReproductionOviparous. Gravid females were recorded on 9th of June 2013. Hatchlings were recorded from Sangli on 22nd October 2013. 
TypesHolotype: NCBS-AQ051, Adult male, collected by V. Deepak, P. Saunak, and K. Arekar on 9 June 2013.
Paratypes. BNHS 2308, adult female, CES 141161, adult male, Girgaon, georeferenced latitude N16.61069o, longitude E74.21253o, Kolhapur District, Maharashtra State, collected by V. Deepak on 3 May 2013. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Sarada darwini sp. nov. can be distinguished from Sarada superba sp. nov. in having proportionally longer feet (Table 8). Sarada darwini sp. nov. can be distinguished from Sarada deccanensis comb. nov. by its proportionally shorter hind limb (not exceeding the SVL) (Table 8). Sarada darwini sp. nov. are large lizards (males: average 58.0 ± 3.3 SD; females: average 54.5 ± 5.4 SD). Details on morphometric data and body ratios of select characters for multiple samples are given in Table 2 and Table 8. Furthermore, Sarada darwini sp. nov. inhabits the southern parts of Maharashtra State and northern parts of Karnataka State, whereas Sarada superba sp. nov. is found only in the south on plateaus >1000 m in elevation in South Maharashtra.
CommentDistribution: see map in Deepak et al. 2016: 80 (Fig. 8).

Habitat: grasslands, and agricultural (cotton) fields on the plains, where it lives inside deep underground cracks, on rocks, grass, soil mounds, and twigs. 
EtymologyThe species epithet is in honour of Charles Darwin. Darwin used Sitana as an example of secondary sexual characteristics in his book “The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex”. 
  • Deepak, V., Karanth, P., 2017. Aridification driven diversification of fan-throated lizards from the Indian subcontinent. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution (2017), doi: - get paper here
  • Deepak, V.; Varad B. Giri, Mohammad Asif, Sushil Kumar Dutta, Raju Vyas, Amod M. Zambre, Harshal Bhosale, K. Praveen Karanth 2016. Systematics and phylogeny of Sitana (Reptilia: Agamidae) of Peninsular India, with the description of one new genus and five new species Contributions to Zoology 85 (1): 67-111 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel 2017. Neue Arten: Liste der im Jahr 2016 neu beschriebenen Reptilien Terraria-Elaphe 2017 (3): 54-70 - get paper here
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