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Sceloporus acanthinus BOCOURT, 1873

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus acanthinus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Bocourt's Spiny Lizard
S: Espinosa de Bocourt 
SynonymSceloporus acanthinus BOCOURT 1873: 180
Sceloporus torquatus MÜLLER 1878 (fide SMITH 1939)
Sceloporus acanthinus — BOULENGER 1885: 221
Sceloporus guentheri STEJNEGER 1918 (SMITH 1939)
Sceloporus acanthinus — SMITH 1939: 74
Sceloporus malachiticus acanthinus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 108
Sceloporus acanthinus — LINER 1994
Sceloporus acanthinus — KÖHLER 2000: 85
Sceloporus acanthinus — WIENS et a. 2010 
DistributionMexico (E Chiapas), Guatemala, El Salvador ?

guentheri: Type Locality: "Mexico," restricted to La Esperanza, Chiapas, Mexico, by Smith and Taylor (1950).

Type locality: San Augustín, near Volcán de Atitlán, Guatemala, elevation 610 m.  
Reproductionviviparous (ovoviviparous) 
TypesSyntypes: MNHN-RA 3602 and MNHN-RA 3602A
Holotype: BMNH 1946.8.10.5 (formerly 1857.7.31.38) collected by M. Sallé [guentheri] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A moderately large Sceloporus, maximum snout-vent measurement 98.5 mm.; supraoculars large, four or five on each side, the posterior one or two frequently in contact with median head scales; a broad, dark, dorsal nuchal collar, sometimes narrowly interrupted medially; belly patches in males confluent medially, continuous across chest; two series of dark spots down back in females, faintly visible in males (Smith 1939: 75).

Description: Smith 1939: 75

Color: Smith 1939: 77 
CommentDistribution: Not listed for El Salvador by KÖHLER (2000). Not in Yucatan state (Mexico) according to GONZÁLEZ-SÁNCHEZ et al. 2017.

Synonymy: Specimens referred to S. acanthinus by BOULENGER (1897) mostly belong to S. formosus formosus and S. f. scitulus or to S. mucronatus omiltemanus, S. serrifer plioporus, and S. malachiticus (fide SMITH et al. 2000).

Illustration in Iguana Rundschreiben 16 (1): back cover. 
EtymologyNamed after the Greek “akanthinos”, meaning "thorny," applied in reference to the bristly appearance of the lizard, due to the elongate spines of the dorsal scales. 
  • Bocourt,M.F. 1874. Deux notes sur quelques sauriens de l'Amérique tropicale. Ann. Sci. Nat. Zool. Paris (5) 19 (4): 1-5 [1873] - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1897. A revision of the lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1897: 474-522 - get paper here
  • Gaige,H. 1936. Some reptiles and amphibians from Yucatan and Campeche, Mexico. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Publ., (457): 289-304.
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Köhler, G. & Heimes, P. 2002. Stachelleguane. Herpeton-Verlag (Offenbach), 174 pp.
  • Schaefer, F. 1901. Über die Schenkelporen der Lacertilier. Zool. Anz. 24: 308-309 - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. McCarthy, C. and David Chiszar 2000. Some enigmatic identifications in Boulenger’s 1897 Sceloporus monograph (Reptilia: Sauria). Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 36 (4): 124-132 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M.; Chiszar, D. & Humphrey, R. 2001. The distribution of Sceloporus acanthinus (Reptilia: Sauria) and its relationships. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 37 (1): 3-9 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1918. Description of a new Snapping turtle and a new lizard from Florida. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 31: 89-92 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L.C. 1963. A checklist of the herpetofauna of Guatemala. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan (No. 122): 1-150 - get paper here
  • Stuart,L.C. 1971. Comments on the malachite Sceloporus (Reptilia: Sauria: Iguanidae) of Southern México and Guatemala. Herpetologica 27: 235-39. - get paper here
  • Wiens, John J.; Caitlin A. Kuczynski, Saad Arif & Tod W. Reeder 2010. PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS OF PHRYNOSOMATID LIZARDS BASED ON NUCLEAR AND MITOCHONDRIAL DATA, AND A REVISED PHYLOGENY FOR SCELOPORUS. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 150-161 - get paper here
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