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Sceloporus aeneus WIEGMANN, 1828

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus aeneus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesSceloporus aeneus aeneus WIEGMANN 1828
Sceloporus aeneus subniger POGLAYEN & SMITH 1958 
Common NamesE: Southern Bunchgrass Lizard, Black-bellied Bunchgrass Lizard [aeneus]
S: Espinosa de Pastizales del Anahuac [aeneus]
E: Tolucan Bunchgrass Lizard, Plateau Bunchgrass Lizard [subniger]
S: Espinosa de Pastizales del Altiplano [subniger] 
SynonymSceloporus aeneus WIEGMANN 1828: 370
Tropidolepis aeneus — GRAY in CUVIER 1831
Tropidolepis aeneus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 309
Tropidolepis Aeneus— DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 270
Sceloporus aeneus — BOULENGER 1885: 233
Sceloporus aeneus aeneus — SMITH 1939: 393
Sceloporus aeneus aeneus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 137
Sceloporus aeneus — LINER 1994
Sceloporus aeneus aeneus — LINER 2007

Sceloporus aeneus subniger POGLAYEN & SMITH 1958
Sceloporus subniger — LINER 1994
Sceloporus subniger — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus aeneus subniger — BRYSON et al. 2011
Sceloporus aeneus subniger — GRUMMER et al. 2013 
DistributionMexico (Puebla, CW Michoacan, Jalisco, Distrito Federal, México, Morelos, N Guanajuato, Quéretaro), elevation 2000-3000 m

Type locality: Mexico (by inference). Restricted to Tres Cumbres by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.

subniger: Mexico; (Michoacan, Guanajuato, Queretaro, Hidalgo, ); Type Locality: 63 km N Toluca, México, Mexico. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction“almost viviparous” by laying eggs that contain well-developed “embryos” which hatch after 12-14 days. Blackburn 1994 and others called this species “oviparous”. 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 657
Holotype: UIMNH 40850, collected by Ivo Poglayen, 4 April 1956 [subniger] 
CommentSubspecies: S. aeneus subniger is variably considered as full species or as subspecies of S. aeneus. 
EtymologyNamed after its color: Latin “aenea/-us” = bronze, copper, or ore.

Etymology (subniger): The Latin sub, "under," and niger, "black", refer to the prominent black gular bars and reduction of ventral melanism - diagnostic features separating this species from Sceloporus aeneus. 
References
  • Arcos, Victor Hugo Jimenez, Anibal H. Díaz De La Vega Pérez, Eric Centenero Alcala and Fausto R. Méndez de la Cruz. 2013. Sceloporus aeneus (bunchgrass spiny lizard) diet. Herpetological Review 44 (3): 513
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1994. Standardized criteria for the recognition of embryonic nutritional patterns in squamate reptiles. Copeia 1994 (4): 925-935 - get paper here
  • Blatchley, W.S. 1893. On a collection of batrachians and reptiles from Mount Orizaba, Mexico, with descriptions of two new species. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 16: 37-42 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Bryson, Robert W.; Uri Omar García-Vázquez, Brett R. Riddle 2011. Relative roles of Neogene vicariance and Quaternary climate change on the historical diversification of bunchgrass lizards (Sceloporus scalaris group) in Mexico. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62 (1): 447-457 - get paper here
  • Castro Franco, R. & M. G. Bustos-Zagal 2003. Lagartijas de Morelos, México: distribución, hábitat y conservación. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 88:123-142
  • Castro-Franco, Rubén, María Guasalupe Bustos-Zagal 1994. List of reptiles of Morelos, Mexico, and their distribution in relation to vegetation types. Southwestern Naturalist 39 (2): 171-175 - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2010. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Queretaro, Mexico. Tlalnepantla UNAM, 428 pp.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M.C., G. BIBRON & A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 9. Paris, XX + 440 S. - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A.; Smith, G.R. & Ballinger, R.E. 2002. Body temperature and sexual dimorphism of Sceloporus aeneus and Sceloporus palaciosi from México. Amphibia-Reptilia 23 (1): 114-119 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • Leyte-Manrique, Adrian; Efrén M. Hernández Navarro y Luis A. Escobedo-Morales 2015. Herpetofauna de Guanajuato: Un análisis histórico y contemporáneo de su conocimiento Revista Mexicana de Herpetología 1(1): 1–14 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Poglayen,I. & Smith,H.M. 1958. Noteworthy herptiles from Mexico. Herpetologica 14: 11-15 - get paper here
  • Ramírez-Bautista, A., U. Hernández-Salinas, R. Cruz-Elizalde, A. Lozano & F. de J. Rodríguez-Romero 2016. Sexual dimorphism and reproductive traits over time in Sceloporus aeneus (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae), based on a population in the Transmexican Volcanic Belt, Mexico. Salamandra 52 (2): 197-203 - get paper here
  • Ramírez-Bautista, Aurelio, Abraham Lozano, Uriel Hernández-Salinas and Raciel Cruz-Elizalde. 2016. Female Reproductive Characteristics Among Populations of the Oviparous Lizard Sceloporus aeneus (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae) from Central Mexico. Herpetologica 72 (3): 196-201
  • Ramírez-Bautista, Aurelio; Abraham Lozano, Uriel Hernández-Salinas, and Raciel Cruz-Elizalde 2015. Female Reproductive Characteristics Among Populations of the Oviparous Lizard Sceloporus aeneus (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae) from Central Mexico Herpetologica Sep 2016, Vol. 72, No. 3: 196-201. - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P.;Shannon, Frederick A. 1947. Notes on amphibians and reptiles of Michoacan, Mexico. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 31 (9): 63-85
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M.;Brandon, R. A. 1971. A range extension for the Mexican lizard Sceloporus a. aeneus. Journal of Herpetology 5 (1-2): 60-61 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Wiegmann,A.F.A. 1828. Beyträge zur Amphibienkunde. Isis von Oken 21 (4): 364-383 - get paper here
 
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