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Sceloporus becki VAN DENBURGH, 1905

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Island Fence Lizard 
SynonymSceloporus becki VAN DENBURGH 1905: 3
Sceloporus becki — WIENS & REEDER 1997
Sceloporus occidentalis becki — CROTHER 2000
Sceloporus becki — BELL et al. 2003: 116
Sceloporus becki — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009 
DistributionUSA (California: San Miguel Island)

Type locality: San Miguel Island, California. 34.035591, -120.364838 (Google Maps)  
TypesHolotype: CAS 4537 
EtymologyNamed after R. H. Beck, collector of the holotype. 
  • Anonymous 2003. OPINION 2024 (Case 3140) - Sceloporus occidentalis Baird & Girard, 1852 (Reptilia, Sauria): rediscovered syntypes replaced by a neotype. Bull. Zool. Nomenclature 60 (1): - get paper here
  • Baird, S.F. 1859. Description of new genera and species of North American lizards in the museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 10: 253-256 [1858] - get paper here
  • Baird, S.F. and Girard,C. 1852. Descriptions of new species of reptiles, collected by the U.S. exploring expedition under the command of Capt. Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. First part. - Including the species from the Western coast of America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 174-177 - get paper here
  • Bell E. L. Price A H. 1996. Sceloporus occidentalis. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (631): 1-17 - get paper here
  • Bell, E. L. 1954. A preliminary report on the subspecies of the western fence lizard, Sceloporus occidentalis and its relationships to the eastern fence lizard, Sceloporus undulatus. Herpetologica 10: 31-36 - get paper here
  • Bell, E.L. 2001. Taxonomic status of Sceloporus becki, the Island Fence Lizard from the Channel Islands, Santa Barbara Co., California. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 37: 137-142 - get paper here
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2001. Sceloporus occidentalis Baird & Girard 1852 (Reptilia, Sauria): proposed replacement of rediscovered syntypes by a neotype. Bull. Zool. Nomenclature 58 (3): 224-226 - get paper here
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bezy, R. L. 1991. Western fence lizard. Terra 29 (2-3): 64-65
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1933. Some lizards from the Great Basin of the West and adjacent areas, with comments on the status of various forms. American Midland Naturalist 14: 228-250 - get paper here
  • Camp, C.L. 1916. The subspecies of Sceloporus occidentalis, with description of a new form from the Sierra Nevada and systematic notes on other California lizards. Univ. California Publ. Zool. 17: 63-74
  • Cole, Charles J. 1983. Specific status of the North American fence lizards, Sceloporus undulatus and Sceloporus occidentalis, with comments on chromosome variation. American Museum Novitates (2768): 1-13 - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. and T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Crother, B. I. 2000. Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding. Herpetological Circular 29: 1-82
  • Davis, John;Verbeek, Nicolaas A. M. 1972. Habitat preferences and the distribution of Uta stansburiana and Sceloporus occidentalis in coastal California. Copeia 1972 (4): 643-649 - get paper here
  • Fitch, H. S. 1936. Amphibians and reptiles of the Rouge River Basin, Oregon. American Midland Naturalist 17: 634-652 - get paper here
  • Fitch, H. S. 1978. Sexual size differences in the genus Sceloporus. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 51 (13): 441-461 - get paper here
  • Grinnell, J. & CAMP, C.L. 1917. A distributional list of the amphibians and reptiles of California. Univ. California Publ. Zool. 17: 127-208
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Mellink, Eric 1994. The addition of Sceloporus occidentalis to the herpetofauna of Isla de Cedros, Baja California, México and its historical and taxonomic implications. Journal of Herpetology 28 (1): 120-126 - get paper here
  • Hallowell,E. 1854. Description of new reptiles from California. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 7 [1854]: 91-97 - get paper here
  • Jackson, L.; Hunsaker, D. 1970. Chromosome morphology of sceloporine lizards (Sceloporus occidentalis and S. graciosus). Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 26(2):198-199 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. 2010. Species trees for spiny lizards (Genus Sceloporus): Identifying points of concordance and conflict between nuclear and mitochondrial data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 162–171 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & J.W.Sites, Jr. 2009. Chromosome Evolution and Diversification in North American Spiny Lizards (Genus Sceloporus). Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 166-181 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & Reeder, T.W. 2002. Molecular systematics of the Eastern Fence Lizard (Sceloporus undulatus): a comparision of parsimony, likelihood, and Bayesian approaches. Systematic Biology 51 (1): 44-68 - get paper here
  • Lumbad, Anthony S.; Larisa K. Vredevoe, and Emily N. Taylor 2011. Season and Sex of Host Affect Intensities of Ectoparasites in Western Fence Lizards (Sceloporus occidentalis) on the Central Coast of California. Southwestern Naturalist 56 (3): 369-377. - get paper here
  • Miles, D.B.; Noecker, R.; Roosenburg, W.M. & White, M.M. 2002. Genetic relationships among populations of Sceloporus undulatus fail to support present subspecific designations. Herpetologica 58 (3): 277-292 - get paper here
  • Otvos, I.S. 1977. Observations on the food of three forest-dwelling lizards in California. Herpetological Review 8 (1): 6-7 - get paper here
  • Phillips, C.A. 2003. HERPETOLOGICAL TYPE-SPECIMENS IN THE UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY: AN UPDATE TO THE PRIMARY TYPES. [type catalogue] University of Illinois Museum of Natural History, 17 pp.
  • Roe, J.H.; Hopkins, W.A. & Talent, L.G. 2005. Effects of Body Mass, Feeding, and Circadian Cycles on Metabolism in the Lizard Sceloporus occidentalis. Journal of Herpetology 39 (4): 595–603 - get paper here
  • Scholnick, David A.; Richard V. Manivanh, Olesya D. Savenkova, Tony G. Bates, and Shana L. McAlexander 2010. Impact of Malarial Infection on Metabolism and Thermoregulation in the Fence Lizard Sceloporus occidentalis from Oregon. Journal of Herpetology 44 (4): 634–640 - get paper here
  • Sinervo, B. et al. 2010. Erosion of Lizard Diversity by Climate Change and Altered Thermal Niches. Science 328: 894-899 - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Stejneger, L.H. 1893. Annotated list of the reptiles and batrachians collected by the Death Valley Expedition in 1891, with descriptions of new species. North American Fauna, No. 7: 159-228 (+ 14 plates + 4 maps) - get paper here
  • Tanner, Wilmer W.;Hopkin, James M. 1972. Ecology of Sceloporus occidentalis longipes Baird and Uta stansburiana stansburiana Baird and Girard on Rainier Mesa, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin 15 (4): 1-39
  • Turner, Frederick B.;Wauer, Roland H. 1963. A survey of the herpetofauna of the Death Valley area. Great Basin Naturalist 23 (3-4): 119-128 - get paper here
  • Van Denburgh,J. 1895. A review of the herpetology of Lower California. Part I - Reptiles. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (2) 5: 77-163 - get paper here
  • Van Denburgh,J. 1905. The reptiles and amphibians of the islands of the Pacific Coast of North America from the Farallons to Cape San Lucas and the Revilla Gigedos. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 3) 4 (1): 1-40 - get paper here
  • Wiens, John J.; Caitlin A. Kuczynski, Saad Arif & Tod W. Reeder 2010. PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS OF PHRYNOSOMATID LIZARDS BASED ON NUCLEAR AND MITOCHONDRIAL DATA, AND A REVISED PHYLOGENY FOR SCELOPORUS. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 150-161 - get paper here
  • Wiens, John J.;Reeder, Tod W. 1997. Phylogeny of the spiny lizards (Sceloporus) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Herpetological Monographs 11: 1-101 - get paper here
  • Woodbury, Angus Munn 1928. The reptiles of Zion National Park. Copeia 1928 (166): 14-21 - get paper here
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