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Sceloporus bimaculosus PHELAN & BRATTSTROM, 1955

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesTwin-spotted Spiny Lizard 
SynonymSceloporus magister bimaculosus PHELAN & BRATTSTROM 1955
Sceloporus magister bimaculosus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 105
Sceloporus magister bimaculosus — LINER et al. 1993
Sceloporus magister bimaculosus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus bimaculosus — SCHULTE et al. 2006
Sceloporus bimaculosus — LEMOS-ESPINAL & SMITH 2007
Sceloporus bimaculosus — CROTHER et al. 2012 
DistributionUSA (New Mexico, Texas), Mexico (Coahuila, Chihuahua, Durango).

Type locality: "6.6 miles east of San Antonio, Socorro, New Mexico"). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: CAS 91199 
CommentHistorically, S. magister, including magister bimaculosus may have been confused with S. clarkii (STEJNEGER 1893). 
EtymologyThe name S. m. bimaculosus is a Latin adjective based upon bis-, "two" or "twice," and maculosus, "spotted," and refers to a series of paired brown blotches on dorsum. 
References
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174
  • Burré, G. 2002. Begegnungen mit Iguaniden im Südwesten der USA. Iguana Rundschreiben 15 (2): 13-21
  • Burt, Charles E. 1933. Some lizards from the Great Basin of the West and adjacent areas, with comments on the status of various forms. American Midland Naturalist 14: 228-250 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Degenhardt, William G.; C. W. Painter, and A. H. Price 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of New Mexico. Univ. New Mexico Press, 431 pp.
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Eaton, Theodore H., Jr 1935. Report on amphibians and reptiles of the Navajo country. Bulletin 3. Rainbow Bridge-Monument Valley Expedition : 1-20
  • Fitch, H. S. 1978. Sexual size differences in the genus Sceloporus. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 51 (13): 441-461 - get paper here
  • FLESCH, AARON D.; DON E. SWANN, DALE S. TURNER, AND BRIAN F. POWELL 2010. HERPETOFAUNA OF THE RINCON MOUNTAINS, ARIZONA. Southwestern Naturalist 55(2):240–253 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. L. & J. A. MCGUIRE 1996. Taxonomy and biogeography of the Sceloporus magister complex (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae) in Baja California, México. Herpetologica 52 (3): 416-427. - get paper here
  • Hallowell,E. 1854. Description of new reptiles from California. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 7 [1854]: 91-97 - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. 2010. Species trees for spiny lizards (Genus Sceloporus): Identifying points of concordance and conflict between nuclear and mitochondrial data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 162–171 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & J.W.Sites, Jr. 2009. Chromosome Evolution and Diversification in North American Spiny Lizards (Genus Sceloporus). Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 166-181 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & Mulcahy, D.G. 2007. Phylogeny, divergence times and species limits of spiny lizards (Sceloporus magister species group) in western North American deserts and Baja California. Molecular Ecology 16: 5216–5233 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Coahuila, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 550 pp.
  • Liner, Ernest A.;Montanucci, Richard R.;González-Alonso, Arturo;Mendoza Quijano, Fernando 1993. An additional contribution to the herpetology of Northern Coahuila, Mexico. Boletín de la Sociedad Herpetológica Mexicana 5 (1): 9-11 - get paper here
  • Parker W S 1982. Sceloporus magister Hallowell. Desert spiny lizard. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (290): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Parker, W. S.;Pianka, E. R. 1973. Notes on the ecology of the Iguanid lizard, Sceloporus magister. Herpetologica 29 (2): 143-152 - get paper here
  • Phelan, Robert L.;Brattstrom, Baynard H. 1955. Geographic variation in Sceloporus magister. Herpetologica 11 (1): 1-14 - get paper here
  • Scheler, B. 2011. Haltung und Nachzucht des Wüsten-Stachelleguans, Sceloporus magister. Iguana-Rundschreiben 23 (2): 5-12
  • Schulte II, James A.; J. Robert Macey and Theodore J. Papenfuss 2006. A genetic perspective on the geographic association of taxa among arid North American lizards of the Sceloporus magister complex (Squamata: Iguanidae: Phrynosomatinae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39 (3): 873-880 - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Stejneger,L.H. 1893. Annotated list of the reptiles and batrachians collected by the Death Valley Expedition in 1891, with descriptions of new species. North American Fauna, No. 7: 159-228 (+ 14 plates + 4 maps) - get paper here
  • Tanner, Vasco M.;Hayward, C. Lynn 1934. A biological study of the La Sal Mountains, Utah report No. 1 (Ecology). Proceedings of the Utah Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters 11: 209-235
  • Tanner, W. W.;Krogh, J. E. 1973. Ecology of Sceloporus magister at the Nevada test site, Nye County, Nevada. Great Basin Naturalist 33 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • Tanner, Wilmer W. 1955. A new Sceloporus magister from eastern Utah. Great Basin Nat. 15: 32-34 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward Harrison 1938. Notes on the herpetological fauna of the Mexican state of Sonora. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 24 (19): 475-503 [1936] - get paper here
  • Taylor, Harry L.;Hollard, Richard L.;Humphrey, Rosanna L.;Smith, Hobart M. 1996. Geographic Distribution. Sceloporus magister cephaloflavus. Herpetological Review 27 (2): 87-88 - get paper here
  • Tevis, lloyd, Jr. 1944. Herpetological notes from lower California. Copeia 1944 (1): 6-18 - get paper here
  • Tinkle, D. W. 1976. Comparative data on the population ecology of the desesrt spiny lizard, Sceloporus magister. Herpetologica 32 (1): 1-6 - get paper here
  • Turner, Frederick B.;Wauer, Roland H. 1963. A survey of the herpetofauna of the Death Valley area. Great Basin Naturalist 23 (3-4): 119-128 - get paper here
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Trápaga 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • Woodbury, Angus Munn 1928. The reptiles of Zion National Park. Copeia 1928 (166): 14-21 - get paper here
  • Zweifel, Richard G. 1958. Results of the Puritan-American Museum of Natural History Expedition to western Mexico 2. Notes on reptiles and amphibians from the Pacific Coastal Islands of Baja California. American Museum Novitates (1895): 1-17 - get paper here
 
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