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Sceloporus caeruleus SMITH, 1936

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Blue Ornate Spiny Lizard 
SynonymSceloporus ornatus caeruleus SMITH 1936: 227
Sceloporus ornatus caeruleus — SMITH 1939: 232
Sceloporus ornatus caeruleus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 127
Sceloporus ornatus caeruleus — KÖHLER & HEIMES 2002: 121
Sceloporus ornatus caeruleus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus caeruleus — MARTINEZ-MENDEZ & MENDEZ-DE LA CRUZ 2007
Sceloporus caeruleus — JOHNSON et al. 2017 
DistributionMexico (Coahuila)

Type locality: Five miles south of San Pedro, Coahuila.  
Reproductionviviparous (phylogenetic imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: FMNH 32001, originally field no. 350, collected 20 June 1934 by David Dunkle and H. M. Smith 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Smith 1939: 232. 
CommentSceloporus nelsoni coeruleus TANNER & ROBINSON 1959 is a junior homonym of Sceloporus ornatus caeruleus Smith (1937d), and hence an unavailable senior synonym of Sceloporus nelsoni barrancarum TANNER & ROBINSON. 
EtymologyThe Latin adjective caeruleus means "sky-blue," and refers to the dorsal background color and the solid blue ventral color. 
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174 - get paper here
  • Martínez-Méndez, N. & Méndez-De la Cruz, F.R. 2007. Molecular phylogeny of the Sceloporus torquatus species-group (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae). Zootaxa 1609: 53-68 - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. 1936. Two new subspecies of Mexican lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Copeia 1936 (4): 223-230 - get paper here
  • Williams, Kenneth L.;Smith, Hobart M.;Chrapliwy, Pete S. 1960. Turtles and lizards from Northern Mexico. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science 53 (1/2): 36-45
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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