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Sceloporus cyanogenys COPE, 1885

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBlue Spiny Lizard
plioporus: West Gulf Rough-scaled Lizard 
SynonymSceloporus torquatus cyanogenys COPE 1885: 402
Sceloporus cyanogenys — SMITH 1938: 599
Sceloporus torquatus mucronatus — BOULENGER 1885: 220 (part.)
Sceloporus torquatus poinsetti — BURT 1932: 158 (part.)
Sceloporus serrifer plioporus SMITH 1939: 212
Sceloporus serrifer plioporus — STUART 1948
Sceloporus cyanogenys — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 125
Sceloporus serrifer cariniceps MARTIN 1952
Sceloporus serrifer cariniceps — TAYLOR 1953
Sceloporus cyanogenys — GLAZENBURG 1979
Sceloporus serrifer cyanogenys — OLSON 1987
Sceloporus serrifer cyanogenys — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 105
Sceloporus serrifer cyanogenys — BARTLETT & BARTLETT 1999: 230
Sceloporus cyanogenys — WIENS & REEDER 1997
Sceloporus cyanogenys — CROTHER 2000: 51
Sceloporus cyanogenys — BONETTI 2002: 131
Sceloporus serrifer plioporus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus cyanogenys — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus serrifer plioporus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus cyanogenys — ZORN 2004
Sceloporus serrifer cyanogenys — DOST 2005
Sceloporus serrifer cyanogenys — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Sceloporus serrifer plioporus — WIENS et al. 2010 
DistributionUSA, Mexico (S Texas from Devils River and Starr County to C Tamaulipas and Nuevo León, Coahuila)

Type locality: Monterrey, Nuevo León.

cariniceps: Tamaulipas; Type locality: 8.1 km NE Gómez Farías, Rancho Pano Ayuctle along Río Sabinas.

plioporus: Gulf coast of Mexico from S Tamaulipas southward through the basal part of the Yucatán Peninsula to Petén, Guatemala. San Luis Potosi, Veracruz, Tabasco. Type locality: Four miles east of Encero, Veracruz. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionvivparous. 
TypesSyntypes: USNM 31373-31377 and ANSP 11304-11305, collected by E. D. Cope
Holotype: UMMZ [cariniceps] 
CommentSynonymy: MARTINEZ-MENDEZ & MENDEZ DE LA CRUZ 2007 synonymized Sceloporus serrifer plioporus with Sceloporus cyanogenys (although Wiens et al. 2013 say they did not). The original morphological difference between putative populations of S. s. plioporus and S. cyanogenys, was the divided supraoculars scales in the latter (Smith 1939). However, on closer inspection, these differences are not supported (Olson, 1987) because the percentage of individuals with divided supraoculars scales increases northwardly.

Hybridization: C. serrifer and S. (s.) cyanogenys intergrade (OLSON 1987). 
EtymologyEtymology (cyanogenys): The Latin noun cyaneus "deep blue" and the Greek noun genys "jaw or chin" refer to the blue throat of males.

Etymology (plioporus): The Greek adjective plio, "more," and noun porus, "pore," refer to the larger number of femoral pores in this subspecies than in S. s. serrifer. 
References
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1932. Some Mexican herpetological records. Copeia 1932 (3): 158 - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. and <br />T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. A contribution to the herpetology of Mexico. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 379-404 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. 2000. Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding. Herpetological Circular 29: 1-82
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Dost, W. 2005. Stichpunktartige Bemerkungen zu Pflege und zucht diverser Iguaniden. Iguana-Rundschreiben 18 (1): 16-24
  • Fitch, H. S. 1978. Sexual size differences in the genus Sceloporus. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 51 (13): 441-461 - get paper here
  • Glazenburg, P.J.H. 1979. Na schade en schande succesjes met Sceloporus cyanogenys. Lacerta 37 (4): 55-62 - get paper here
  • Kennedy, J. P. 1960. Parturition of the blue spiny lizard, Sceloporus cyanogenys Cope. Southwestern Naturalist 5 (1): 45-46 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Coahuila, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 550 pp.
  • Martin, Plul S. 1958. A biogeography of reptiles and amphibians in the Gomez Farias Region, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (101): 1-102 + 7 plates - get paper here
  • Martínez-Méndez, N. & Méndez-De la Cruz, F.R. 2007. Molecular phylogeny of the Sceloporus torquatus species-group (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae). Zootaxa 1609: 53-68 - get paper here
  • Olson,R.E. 1987. Taxonomic revision of the lizards Sceloporus serrifer and cyanogenys of the Gulf coastal plain. Bull. Maryl. Herp. Soc. 23: 158-167
  • Schulz, Joscha & Björn Schäfer 2015. Sukkulenten in den Trockenterrarien im Zoologisch-Botanischen Garten Wilhelma, Stuttgart Draco 16 (62): 39-47
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1938. The lizards of the torquatus group of the genus Sceloporus Wiegmann, 1828. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 24 (21): 539-693 [1936] - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L. C. 1948. The amphibians and reptiles of Alta Verapaz Guatamala. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 69: 1-109 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1953. Fourth contribution to the herpetology of San Luis Potosí. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 35 (13): 1587-1614 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 1994. Sceloporus cyanogenys COPE, 1885. Sauria 16 Suppl.: 303–306 - get paper here
  • Wiens, John J.;Reeder, Tod W. 1997. Phylogeny of the spiny lizards (Sceloporus) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Herpetological Monographs 11: 1-101 - get paper here
  • Zorn, H. 2004. Die Wüste im eigenen Haus. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (48): 41-44 - get paper here
 
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