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Sceloporus cyanostictus AXTELL & AXTELL, 1971

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus cyanostictus - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Yarrow's Spiny Lizard
G: Jarrovs (Yarrows) Stachelleguan
S: Lagartija espinoza de Yarrow
cyanostictus: Blue-spotted Spiny Lizard
sugillatus: Zempoala Bar-bellied Lizard
lineolateralis: Lined Spiny Lizard 
SynonymSceloporus jarrovii cyanostictus AXTELL & AXTELL 1971
Sceloporus cyanostictus – WIENS, REEDER & NIETO MONTES DE OCA 1999
Sceloporus cyanostictus — MARTINEZ-MENDEZ & MENDEZ-DE LA CRUZ 2007
Sceloporus cyanostictus — LEMOS-ESPINAL & SMITH 2007
Sceloporus cyanostictus — WIENS et al. 2013 
DistributionMexico (Coahuila)

Type Locality: 0.5 mi N La Muralla, at mouth of canyon, 1189m (26°21'30”N, 101°21’30"W), Coahuila, Mexico. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionvivparous. 
TypesHolotype: USNM 167353, collected 21 June 1967, by R. W. Axtell 
CommentSubspecies: Sceloporus jarrovii minor COPE 1885 has been transferred to S. torquatus (but is listed in LINER 1994 as such). WIENS et al. (1999) consider minor and several other subspecies of jarrovii as “evolutionary species”. Sceloporus jarrovii lineolateralis SMITH 1936 has been removed (again) from the synonymy of S. jarrovi. Sceloporus jarrovii oberon SMITH & BROWN 1941 has been moved to Sceloporus minor oberon SMITH & BROWN 1941. Sceloporus jarrovii cyaneus TREVIÑO-SALDAÑA 1988 and Sceloporus jarrovii immucronatus SMITH 1936 are now treated as subspecies of S. minor. Sceloporus jarrovii erythrocyaneus MERTENS 1950 has been transferred to S. minor erythrocyaneus. S. j. jarrovii lacks fixed diagnostic morphological characters (Wiens and Penkrot 2002). The characters early identified by Smith (1939) like diagnostic of S. j. jarrovii (e. g., the first canthal seldom forced above canthal ridge by contact of second canthal and subnasal, prefrontals in contact, color pattern etc.), exhibit some intraespecific variation even in other populations. Some authors have similarly reported that S. lineolat- eralis and S. j. jarrovii intergrade with each other based on morphological characters (Webb and Hensley 1959; Chrapliwy 1964; Wiens et al. 1999). The previous studies along with the molecular results by MARTINEZ-MENDEZ & MENDEZ-DE LA CRUZ 2007 indicate the conspecificity between S. lineolateralis and S. j. jarrovii.

Synonymy: MARTINEZ-MENDEZ & MENDEZ-DE LA CRUZ 2007 suggested to synonymize S. lineolateralis with S. jarrovii or consider it as a subspecies of the latter.

Distribution: S. jarrovi does not occur in Querétaro (Mexico) according to DIXON & LEMOS-ESPINAL 2010. 
EtymologyNamed after Henry Crecy Yarrow, Acting Assistant Surgeon, United States Army, and volunteer curator of amphibians and reptiles in the National Museum of Natural History.

Etymology (cyanostictus): The Greek kyanos, "deep blue", and sticto, "spotted", refer to the uniform bright blue to greenish-blue dorsal spotting in adult males.

Etymology (lineolateralis): The Latin lineo,"to make straight," and lateralis, "of the side," refer to the light and especially dark lines along the side of the body.

Etymology (sugillatus): The Latin sugillatus, "black and blue spots or bruises," refers to the numerous, distinct, transverse black streaks on the sides of the abdomen. 
References
  • Baker, Rollin H.; Baker, Mary W.; Johnson, Jerry D.; Webb, Robert G. 1981. New records of mammals and reptiles from Northwestern Zacatecas, Mexico. Southwestern Naturalist 25(4):568-569 - get paper here
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1897. A revision of the lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1897: 474-522 - get paper here
  • Brown, C. K. 1976. Local variation in scale characters of Sceloporus jarrovi (Sauria: Iguanidae) inhabiting the Pinaleno Mountains of Arizona. I. Frequency of head scute polymorphisms. Herpetologica 32 (2): 189-197 - get paper here
  • Cole, Charles J.;Lowe, Charles H.;Wright, John W. 1967. Sex chromosomes in lizards. Science 155: 1028-1029
  • Cooper Jr, William E. and Arián Avalos 2010. Escape Decisions by the Syntopic Congeners Sceloporus jarrovii and S. virgatus: Comparative Effects of Perch Height and of Predator Approach Speed, Persistence, and Direction of Turning. Journal of Herpetology 44 (3): 425–430 - get paper here
  • Cooper Jr., W.E. 2005. Duration of movement as a lizard foraging movement variable. Herpetologica 61 (4): 363-372 - get paper here
  • Cooper Jr., William E.; Avalos, Arián 2010. Predation risk, escape and refuge use by mountain spiny lizards (Sceloporus jarrovii). Amphibia-Reptilia 31: 363-373 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1875. In Yarrow, H.C., Report upon the collections of batrachians and reptiles made in portions of Nevada, Utah, California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona, during the years 871, 1872, 1873, and 1874, Chapter IV, L, pp. 509-584, In: Report upon geograph Government Printing office, Washington D.C. - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Degenhardt, William G.; C. W. Painter, and A. H. Price 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of New Mexico. Univ. New Mexico Press, 431 pp.
  • Dost, W. 2005. Stichpunktartige Bemerkungen zu Pflege und zucht diverser Iguaniden. Iguana-Rundschreiben 18 (1): 16-24
  • Fitch, H. S. 1978. Sexual size differences in the genus Sceloporus. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 51 (13): 441-461 - get paper here
  • Gadsden, Hector, Gamaliel Castañeda and Rodolfo A. Huitrón-Ramírez. 2015. Sceloporus cyanostictus (Yarrow's blue-spotted spiny lizard) field and preferred body temperature. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 436-437
  • Gadsden, Hector; Estrada-Rodriguez, Jose L. 2008. Demography of the Yarrow's Spiny Lizard, Sceloporus jarrovii, from the Central Chihuahuan Desert. Western North American Naturalist 68(1):46-57
  • Gadsden, Héctor; José L. Estrada-Rodríguez, Diana A. Quezada-Rivera, and Sandra V. Leyva-Pacheco 2011. Diet of the Yarrow's Spiny Lizard Sceloporus jarrovii in the Central Chihuahuan Desert. Southwestern Naturalist 56 (1): 89-94 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. & Heimes, P. 2002. Stachelleguane. Herpeton-Verlag (Offenbach), 174 pp.
  • Leaché, A.D. 2010. Species trees for spiny lizards (Genus Sceloporus): Identifying points of concordance and conflict between nuclear and mitochondrial data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 162–171 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & J.W.Sites, Jr. 2009. Chromosome Evolution and Diversification in North American Spiny Lizards (Genus Sceloporus). Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 166-181 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Chihuahua, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 613 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Coahuila, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 550 pp.
  • Martin, Plul S. 1958. A biogeography of reptiles and amphibians in the Gomez Farias Region, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (101): 1-102 + 7 plates - get paper here
  • Martínez-Méndez, N. & Méndez-De la Cruz, F.R. 2007. Molecular phylogeny of the Sceloporus torquatus species-group (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae). Zootaxa 1609: 53-68 - get paper here
  • McCranie, J.R. & Wilson, L.D. 2001. The herpetofauna of the Mexican State of Aguascalientes. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 230: 1-57
  • Punzo, F.; Parker, L.G. 2006. Food-deprivation affects tongue extrusions as well as attractivity and proceptivity components of sexual behavior in the lizard, Sceloporus jarrovii. Amphibia-Reptilia 27 (3): 377-383 - get paper here
  • Scheler, B. 2010. Haltung und Zucht von Jarrovs Stachelleguan - Sceloporus jarrovi, COPE, 1875. Iguana-Rundschreiben 23 (1): 18-24
  • Smith, H. M. 1936. Descriptions of new species of lizards of the genus Sceloporus from Mexico. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 49: 87-96 - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart 1942. Mexican herpetological miscellany. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 92 (3153): 349-395 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1938. The lizards of the torquatus group of the genus Sceloporus Wiegmann, 1828. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 24 (21): 539-693 [1936] - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. & Brown, Bryce C. 1941. A new subspecies of Sceloporus jarrovii from Mexico. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 24 (23): 253-257 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. McCarthy, C. and David Chiszar 2000. Some enigmatic identifications in Boulenger’s 1897 Sceloporus monograph (Reptilia: Sauria). Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 36 (4): 124-132
  • Smith,H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Treviño-Saldana, C. H. 1988. A new montane lizard (Sceloporus jarrovi cyaneus) from Nuevo León, Mexico. Revista de Biologia Tropical 36: 407-411 - get paper here
  • Vázquez Díaz, Joel;Quintero Díaz, Gustavo E. 2005. Anfibios y Reptiles de Aguascalientes [2nd ed.]. CONABIO, CIEMA, 318 pp.
  • Webb, Robert G.;Hensley, Max 1959. Notes on reptiles from the Mexican State of Durango. Publications of the Museum - Michigan State University, Biological Series 1 (6): 249-258
  • Webb,R.G. & Axtell,R.W. 1986. Type and type-locality of Sceloporus jarrovii COPE, with travel-routes of Henry W. Henshaw in Arizona in 1873 and 1874. Journal of Herpetology 20 (1): 32-41 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2003. Sceloporus jarrovi BAIRD & GIRARD. Sauria (Suppl.) 25 (3): 585-590 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. & Wolf, C. 2007. Gebirge und Hochland - Reptilien und Amphibien in einem extremen Lebensraum. Draco 7 (27): 4-27 - get paper here
  • Wiens, J.J. & Penkrot, T.A. 2002. Delimiting species using DNA and morphological variation and discordant species limits in Spiny Lizards (Sceloporus). Systematic Biology 51 (1): 69-91 - get paper here
  • Wiens, John J.; Caitlin A. Kuczynski, Saad Arif & Tod W. Reeder 2010. PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS OF PHRYNOSOMATID LIZARDS BASED ON NUCLEAR AND MITOCHONDRIAL DATA, AND A REVISED PHYLOGENY FOR SCELOPORUS. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 150-161 - get paper here
  • Wiens,J.J., Reeder,T.W. & Montes de Oca, A.N. 1999. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution of sexual dichromatism among populations of the Yarrow’s Spiny Lizard (Sceloporus jarrovii). Evolution 53 (6): 1884-1897 - get paper here
  • Zimmermann, P. 2011. Herpetologische Beobachtungen im US-Bundesstaat Arizona. Elaphe 19 (4): 62-71
 
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