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Sceloporus esperanzae MCCRANIE, 2018

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymSceloporus esperanzae MCCRANIE 2018: 298
Sceloporus malachiticus — MEYER 1969: 252 (in part)
Sceloporus malachiticus — MEYER & WILSON 1973: 26 (in part)
Sceloporus malachiticus — WILSON et al. in JOHNSON et al. 2001: 136 (in part)
Sceloporus malachiticus — WILSON & MCCRANIE 2004: 43 (in part)
Sceloporus malachiticus — WILSON & TOWNSEND 2007: 145 (in part)
Sceloporus malachiticus — SOLÍS et al. 2014: 131 (in part)
Sceloporus ‘‘malachiticus’’ — STUART 1971: 238 (in part) 
DistributionHonduras (Atlantic and Pacific versant headwaters in the pine forests of Intibucá and La Paz surrounding the vicinity of La Esperanza, Intibucá)

Type locality: La Soledád, Intibucá, Honduras, 14°18’N, 88°16’W, 1,760 m elevation.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 589098, adult male 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: The presence of strongly keeled and mucronate dorsal scales, a dorsally compressed (flattened) body, and femoral pores distinguishes Sceloporus esperanzae from all other Honduran lizards, except the other Sceloporus. Sceloporus squamosus and S. variabilis have pale brown to cream dorsolateral body stripes, and S. variabilis also has a postfemoral dermal pocket (versus dorsolateral pale stripes and dermal pocket absent in S. esperanzae). The two described (not including one named following this species) Honduran species of the S. malachiticus species complex are more difficult to distinguish from one another. Males of S. schmidti have distinct separation of the male abdominal semeions in life and alcohol (versus no separation anteriorly to poorly separated by 1–2 scale rows on posterior third or quarter of body in S. esperanzae). Sceloporus schmidti also differs from S. esperanzae in having 5–6 scales between the large canthals and many Honduran specimens have a thin dark brown midventral line, at least posteriorly (versus 3–4 scales between large canthals, and dark midventral line absent in S. esperanzae). 
EtymologyThis species name esperanzae refers to La Esperanza, Intibucá, where this species occurs in the pine forests surrounding the town. 
  • Johnson, J.D., Webb, R., & Flores-Villela, O. (Ed.) 2001. Mesoamerican Herpetology: Systematics, Zoogeography, and Conservation. Centennial Museum, Special Publication No. 1, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas
  • McCranie, James R. 2018. The Lizards, Crocodiles, and Turtles of Honduras. Systematics, Distribution, and Conservation. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Special Publication Series (2): 1- 666 - get paper here
  • Meyer, J.R. 1969. A biogeographic study of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras. Ph.D. Diss., Univ. of South. Calif., Los Angeles 589 pp.
  • Meyer, John R. & Wilson, Larry David 1973. A distributional checklist of the turtles, crocodilians, and lizards of Honduras. [keys to genera and species] Contributions in Science, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County (244): 1-39 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Stuart,L.C. 1971. Comments on the malachite Sceloporus (Reptilia: Sauria: Iguanidae) of Southern México and Guatemala. Herpetologica 27: 235-39. - get paper here
  • Wilson, L. D., and J. H. Townsend. 2007. Biogeography and conservation of the herpetofauna of the upland pine-oak forests of Honduras. Biota Neotropica 7: 137–148 - get paper here
  • Wilson, L. D., and J. R. McCranie. 2004. The herpetofauna of the cloud forests of Honduras. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 3: 34–48
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