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Sceloporus formosus WIEGMANN, 1834

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus formosus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesSceloporus formosus scitulus SMITH 1942
Sceloporus formosus formosus WIEGMANN 1834 
Common NamesE: Mexican Emerald Spiny Lizard
S: Chintete Verde
E: Striated Emerald Lizard [scitulus]
S: Chintete Verde Rayado [scitulus] 
SynonymSceloporus formosus WIEGMANN 1834: 50
Tropidolepis formosus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 303
Tropidolepis Formosus — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 270
Sceloporus formosus smaragdinus BOCOURT 1873 (?)
Sceloporus formosus — BOULENGER 1885: 222
Sceloporus formosus formosus — WETTSTEIN 1934
Sceloporus viviparus COPE 1885: 398
Sceloporus formosus formosus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 108
Sceloporus formosus — LINER 1994
Sceloporus formosus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus formosus — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015

Sceloporus formosus scitulus SMITH 1942
Sceloporus formosus scitulus — BELL et al. 2003 
DistributionMexico (Guerrero, Puebla, Oaxaca south of the Balsas River, CW Veracruz)

scitulus: Type Locality: Omilteme (=Omiltemi), Guerrero, Mexico.

viviparus: Type Locality: Mirador, Veracruz, Mexico.

Type locality: Mexico. Restricted to Acultzingo, Veracruz, by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
ReproductionAll species of the formosus group are vivparous. 
TypesLectotype: ZMB 635, F. Deppe collector, designated by Smith and Pérez-Higareda (1992).
Holotype: FMNH 100012, EHT-HMS 26962, collected 2-4 August 1940, by Richard C. Taylor and Edward H. Taylor [scitulus]
Holotype: USNM 25073, collected by C. Sartorius [viviparus] 
Comment 
EtymologyThe Latin adjective formosus, "beautiful", refers to the beautiful color of males, with an olive-green or blue-green dorsal coloration, light orange anterior to a ventral cobalt blue throat band, and pearl-blue on sides of venter.

Etymology (scitulus): The Latin scitulus, "beautiful," refers to the brilliant green dorsum with parallel longitudinal black lines. 
References
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. A contribution to the herpetology of Mexico. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 379-404 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M.C., G. BIBRON & A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 9. Paris, XX + 440 S. - get paper here
  • Fitch, H. S. 1978. Sexual size differences in the genus Sceloporus. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 51 (13): 441-461 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. 2010. Species trees for spiny lizards (Genus Sceloporus): Identifying points of concordance and conflict between nuclear and mitochondrial data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 162–171 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & J.W.Sites, Jr. 2009. Chromosome Evolution and Diversification in North American Spiny Lizards (Genus Sceloporus). Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 166-181 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Peterson, A.T. et al. 2004. A preliminary biological survey of Cerro Piedra Larga, Oaxaca, Mexico: Birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and plants. Anales del Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Serie Zoología 75(2): 439-466
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart 1942. Mexican herpetological miscellany. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 92 (3153): 349-395 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. & Larsen,K.R. 1975. A new species of the formosus group of the lizard genus Sceloporus. Copeia 1975 (1): 47-50 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Vega-Trejo, Regina; Irma Trejo, Oscar A. Flores-Villela, and Víctor H. Reynoso 2013. Amphibian and Reptile Community Structure in Pristine Coniferous Forests: Baseline Data for <br />Conservation Studies. Herp. Cons. Biol. 8 (3) - get paper here
  • Wettstein, O. 1934. Ergebnisse der Osterreichischen Biologischen Costa Rica Expedition 1930. Amphibien und Reptilien. Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, math.-nat. Kl. 143: 1-39 - get paper here
  • Wiegmann,A.F.A. 1834. Herpetologia Mexicana, seu descriptio amphibiorum novae hispaniae , quae itineribus comitis de Sack, Ferdinandi Deppe et Chr. Guil. Schiede im Museum Zoologicum Berolinense Pervenerunt. Pars prima, saurorum species. Berlin, Lüderitz, iv + 54 pp. - get paper here
 
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