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Sceloporus graciosus BAIRD & GIRARD, 1852

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus graciosus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesSceloporus graciosus gracilis BAIRD & GIRARD, 1852
Sceloporus graciosus graciosus BAIRD & GIRARD, 1852
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus COPE 1896 
Common NamesSagebrush Lizard
gracilis: Western Sagebrush Lizard, Mountain Swift
graciosus: Northern Sagebrush Lizard
vandenburghianus: Southern Sagebrush Lizard 
SynonymSceloporus graciousus [sic] BAIRD & GIRARD 1852: 69
Sceloporus graciosus — YARROW 1875 (emendation)
Sceloporus gratiosus — BOULENGER 1885: 230
Sceloporus graciosus — STEBBINS 1985: 133
Sceloporus graciosus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 109
Sceloporus graciosus graciosus — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009

Sceloporus graciosus gracilis BAIRD & GIRARD 1852
Sceloporus gracilis BAIRD & GIRARD 1852
Sceloporus graciosus gracilis — VAN DENBURGH 1922
Sceloporus graciosus gracilis — FITCH 1936
Sceloporus graciosus gracilis — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus graciosus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus graciosus gracilis — CROTHER et al. 2012

Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus COPE 1896
Sceloporus vandenburgianus COPE 1896: 834
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — CAMP 1916
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — SMITH 1939: 176
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 119
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — STEBBINS 1985: 134
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — CENSKY 1986
Sceloporus vandenburgianus — COLLINS 1991
Sceloporus vandenburgianus — LINER 1994
Sceloporus vandenburgianus — WIENS & REEDER 1997
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — CROTHER 2000
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus vandenburgianus — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — CROTHER et al. 2012 
DistributionUSA (California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming, S Montana, W Colorado, N Arizona, New Mexico, W Texas),
Mexico (N Baja California Norte)

Type Locality: Valley of the Great Salt Lake [Utah].

graciosus: USA (Oregon etc.)

gracilis: Oregon, California. Type Locality: "Oregon", restricted to "vicinity of Klamath Falls" by Schmidt (1953).

vandenburgianus: USA (mountains south from Ventura County, California), Mexico (NW Baja California). Type locality: Summit of the coast range, San Diego County, California. According to Applegarth and Banta (1970), the locality is described by Mearns ((1907) as "Campbell's Ranch, at Laguna Mountains, Coast Range, San Diego County, California." Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: USNM 2877 (4), collected by H. Stansbury; date unknown.
Holotype: USNM 21931 [vandenburgianus] 
CommentSynonymy: Sceloporus gratiosus listed by BOULENGER 1897 is actually S. jalapae (fide SMITH et al. 2000).

Subspecies: Sceloporus graciosus arenicolus has been elvated to full species status. Sceloporus vandenburgianus is morphologically similar and geographically close to populations of S. graciosus gracilis (WIENS & REEDER 1997) and actually intergrades with S. graciosus (Applegarth and Banta 1970).

Distribution: see map in Chan et al. 2013. 
EtymologyEtymology (gracilis): The Latin gracilis means "thin, slender", and Baird and Girard described it as such in comparing it with their Sceloporus graciosus.

Etymology (graciosus): The Latin gratia, meaning "grace," or "graceful," and -osus, "having the quality of," is a judgment of form. The name graciosus is an incorrect transliteration but cannot be changed under the Code.

Etymology (vandenburgianus): Named after John Van Denburgh (1872-1924), curator of herpetology at the California Academy of Sciences from 1895-1924. 
References
  • Applegarth, John S.;Banta, Benjamin H. 1970. A notable occurence of Sceloporus graciosus vandenburghianus Cope (Reptilia: Lacertilia) in the Santa Cruz Mountain of California, with comments on its life history, ecology, taxonomy, and zoogeography. Wasmann Journal of Biology 28 (2): 191-198
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  • CHAN, LAUREN M.; JAMES W. ARCHIE, ANNE D. YODER, LEE A. FITZGERALD 2013. Review of the systematic status of Sceloporus arenicolus Degenhardt and Jones, 1972 with an estimate of divergence time. Zootaxa 3664 (3): 312–320 [erratum in http://biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.3686.1.8/3367] - get paper here
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