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Sceloporus grandaevus (DICKERSON, 1919)

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus grandaevus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Cerralvo Island Sator
S: Sator de la Isla Cerralvo 
SynonymSator grandaevus DICKERSON 1919
Sator grandaevus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 140
Sceloporus grandaevus — FLORES-VILLELA 1993
Sator grandaevus — LINER 1994
Sceloporus grandaevus — BELL et al. 2003 
DistributionMexico (Cerralvo Island, Gulf of California)

Type locality: Cerralvo Island, Gulf of California, Baja California.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: AMNH 5491 
CommentType species: Sator grandaevus DICKERSON 1919 is the type species of the genus Sator DICKERSON 1919. However, Sator was synonymized with Sceloporus by BELL et al. 2003, which was confirmed by WIENS et al. 2010.

DIAGNOSIS. A relatively large lizard reaching a total length of 250 mm., more
than two-thirds of which is the strongly compressed tail with verticils of strongly keeled mucronate scales; body compressed and with high vertebral ridge in the adult; a strong lateral fold from postauricular region to groin; broad, uninterrupted band of granules along lateral fold, broadest at shoulder, meeting keeled dorsal scales moreorlesabruptlythroughoutitslength; astrongstructuralanteriorgularfold, markedbydifferentiationofscales; posteriorgularfoldvisiblelaterally,markedby anintrusionofgranulesventralwardand3enlargedscalesofa"denticulatedborder"; about60scalesbetweeninterparietalandbaseoftail,16inaheadlength; femoral poresaverage18. Generalcolorationlightordarkgrayishblue; colorpatternin- cludesblackshoulderpatches(sometimesnuchalcolar) [from DICKERSON 1919]. 
EtymologyFrom the Latin grandis, "large or noble", referring to the total body size, up to 250 mm. 
References
  • Bezy, R.L. 2009. Sator. Sonoran Herpetologist 22 (7):74-78. - get paper here
  • Dickerson, M. C. 1919. Diagnoses of twenty-three new species and a new genus of lizards from Lower California. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 41 (10): 461-477
  • Etheridge, Richard E. 1962. Skeletal variation in the iguanid lizard Sator grandaevus. Copeia 1962 (3): 613-619 - get paper here
  • Flores-Villela,O. 1993. Herpetofauna Mexicana; lista anotada de las especies de anfibios y reptiles de Mexico, cambios taxonomicos recientes, y nuevas especies. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication 17: 73 pp.
  • Goldberg, Stephen R. 2013. Sceloporus grandaevus (Cerralvo Island sator) reproduction. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 683
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. 2010. Species trees for spiny lizards (Genus Sceloporus): Identifying points of concordance and conflict between nuclear and mitochondrial data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 162–171 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & J.W.Sites, Jr. 2009. Chromosome Evolution and Diversification in North American Spiny Lizards (Genus Sceloporus). Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 166-181 - get paper here
  • Lowe, Charles H., Jr;Robinson, Michael D. 1971. The chromosome pattern in Sator grandaevus (Reptilia: Iguanidae), Baja California, Mexico. Journal of the Arizona Academy of Science 6 (4): 282 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl Patterson 1922. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Lower California and the Neighboring Islands. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 46 (11): 607-707
  • Smith,H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Wiens, John J.; Caitlin A. Kuczynski, Saad Arif & Tod W. Reeder 2010. PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS OF PHRYNOSOMATID LIZARDS BASED ON NUCLEAR AND MITOCHONDRIAL DATA, AND A REVISED PHYLOGENY FOR SCELOPORUS. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 150-161 - get paper here
 
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