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Sceloporus huichol FLORES-VILLELA, SMITH, CAMPILLO-GARCÍA, MARTÍNEZ-MÉNDEZ & CAMPBELL, 2022

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymSceloporus huichol FLORES-VILLELA, SMITH, CAMPILLO-GARCÍA, MARTÍNEZ-MÉNDEZ & CAMPBELL 2022
Sceloporus torquatus melanogaster — ZWEIFEL 1959: 3 
DistributionMexico (Jalisco)

Type locality: municipality of Bolaños, highway Bolaños-Tuxpan de Bolaños, 2485 m, 21.91774 N, -103.87735 W, Jalisco, Mexico  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype. MZFC 20633 (Fig. 1), adult ♀(female) (Fig. 2). Collected in pine-oak forest by P. Ponce Campos, 13 June 2003, original field number JAC 23414.
Paratypes (20). Mexico: Jalisco: Municipality of Bolaños, highway Bolaños-Tuxpan de Bolaños, 2400 m, 21.89802 N, -103.86037 W, 11 June, 2003 (UTA R-55432, ♀(female)); same data as holotype (MZFC 20634–37, UTA R- 55435–36; three ♀(female), and one ♂; and one ♂(male), and one ♀(female, respectively); Jalisco: Municipality of Bolaños, cell phone antenna, 2549 m, 21.89285 N, -103.86502 W, 13 June, 2003 (UTA R-55433–34, ♀(female) and ♂(male), respectively); 7 km N, 6 km W Bolaños, 2345 m, 21.886972 N, -103.84033 W (ENCB 14315–16, ♀(female) and ♂(male), respectively); Nayarit: Sierra Alica, highway Huajimic–Tepic, 1859 m, 21.67361 N, -104.40736 W, 14 June, 2003 (UTA R-55437, ♀(female)); Nayarit: 9 km SE Huajimic, 21.64458 N, -104.276374 W (CNAR5819–1, 5819–2, 5819–5, 5819–7, 5819–8, 5819–9, 5819– 12, 5819–13; four ♂(male) and four ♀(female). All localities are located in pine-oak forest. 
Diagnosis 
Comment 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is a patronym in honor of the Wixárika ethnicity, commonly referred to as Huicholes, a native people who have lived in the general area of this new species. Sometimes referred to as the last peyote guardians, who struggle to keep their traditions alive. 
References
  • FLORES-VILLELA, Oscar, SMITH, E. N., CAMPILLO-GARCÍA, Gustavo, MARTÍNEZ-MÉNDEZ, Norberto, & CAMPBELL, J. A. 2022. A new species of Sceloporus of the torquatus group (Reptilia: Phrynosomatidae) from West Mexico. Zootaxa 5134 (2): 286-296 - get paper here
  • Zweifel, Richard G. 1959. Additions to the herpetofauna of Nayarit, Mexico. American Museum Novitates (1953): 1-13 - get paper here
 
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