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Sceloporus marmoratus HALLOWELL, 1852

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Rosebelly Lizard
S: Panza Azul-Rosada
marmoratus: Northern Rosebelly Lizard
olloporus: Southern Rose-bellied Lizard 
SynonymSceloporus marmoratus HALLOWELL 1852: 178
Sceloporus delicatissimus HALLOWELL 1852: 178
Sceloporus variabilis marmoratus — SMITH 1934: 125
Sceloporus variabilis marmoratus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 131
Sceloporus variabilis marmoratus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 103
Sceloporus marmoratus — MENDOZA-QUIJANO 1998
Sceloporus variabilis marmoratus — BARTLETT & BARTLETT 1999: 233
Sceloporus variabilis marmoratus — CROTHER 2000
Sceloporus variabilis marmoratus — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Sceloporus marmoratus — REYES et al. 2016
Sceloporus marmoratus — SOLIS-ZURITA et al. 2019 
DistributionUSA (Texas), Mexico (Atlantic lowlands from San Antonio, Texas, south to S Tamaulipas, west to Coahuila, Nuevo León).

Type locality: San Antonio, [Bexar Co.] Texas.  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: lost. Cope (1900) noted USNM 2892 as a "type" from San Antonio (under S. variabilis, with which he synonymized it) but it too is lost. Furthermore it is uncertain whether it was the type of delicatissimus or marmoratus, both described by Hallowell on the same page, from the same locality and taken by the same collector, Dr. S. W. Woodhouse
Holotype: USNM 16020, collected by S. W. Woodhouse [delicatissimus] 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy: Mendoza-Quijano et al. (1998) recognized Sceloporus v. marmoratus and S. v. olloporus as a distinct species (based on molecular evidence). 
EtymologyThe Greek marmaros, "marble," and Latin -atus, "pertaining to the nature of," presumably refer to the perceived marble-like appearance of the type. 
References
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
  • Collins, J.T. and T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Hallowell,E. 1852. Descriptions of new species of reptiles inhabiting North America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 177-182 - get paper here
  • Lazcano D, Nevárez-de los Reyes M, García-Padilla E, Johnson JD, Mata-Silva V, DeSantis DL, Wilson LD. 2019. The herpetofauna of Coahuila, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13(2) [General Section]: 31–94 (e189) - get paper here
  • Mendoza-Quijano, Fernando; Flores-Villela, Oscar & Sites, Jack W. 1998. Genetic variation, Species status, and phylogenetic relationships in rose-bellied lizards (variabilis group) of the genus Sceloporus (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae). Copeia 1998 (2): 354-366 - get paper here
  • Nevárez-de-los-Reyes, Manuel, David Lazcano, Elí García-Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The Herpetofauna of Nuevo León, Mexico: Composition, Distribution, and Conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (3): 558–638 - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1934. On the taxonomic status of three species lizards of the genus Sceloporus from Mexico and southern United States. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 47: 121-134 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. 1937. A synopsis of the Variabilis group of the lizard genus Sceloporus, with descriptions of new subspecies. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich 358: 1-14 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Solis‐Zurita, C, De Luna, E, González, D. 2019. Phylogenetic relationships in the Sceloporus variabilis (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae) complex based on three molecular markers, continuous characters and geometric morphometric data. Zool Scr. 2019; 48: 419– 439 - get paper here
 
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