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Sceloporus melanogaster COPE, 1885

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Central Plateau Torquate Lizard
S: Espinosa de Collar de la Planicie 
SynonymSceloporus melanogaster COPE 1885: 400
Sceloporus torquatus melanogaster — BOULENGER 1885: 220
Sceloporus ferrariperezi melanogaster — SMITH 1939: 216
Sceloporus torquatus melanogaster — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 126
Sceloporus torquatus melanogaster — TAYLOR 1952
Sceloporus torquatus melanogaster — ZWEIFEL 1959
Sceloporus torquatus melanogaster — WILLIAMS et al. 1960
Sceloporus torquatus melanogaster — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus torquatus melanogaster — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Sceloporus melanogaster — CAMPILLO-GARCÍA et al. 2021
Sceloporus melanogaster — FLORES-VILLELA et al. 2022 
DistributionMexico (N Jalisco, San Luis Potosí, Zacatecas, Aguascalientes, Michoacán, Querétaro, México [HR 34: 385])

Type locality: “Probably from Guanajuato” = Noria (Michoacán), or Tupátaro, near Cuerámaro, Guanajuato fide Dugès 1887. Restricted to Tupátaro by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 9877, collected by Alfredo Dugès in 1877 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Smith 1939: 216 
CommentSympatry: Circular sympatry may occur between S. t. mikeprestoni, derived from S. t. torquatus, and S. t. binocularis, derived from S. t. melanogaster. Additional field work in the hiatus between the ranges of S. t. mikeprestoni and S. t. binocularis is necessary to resolve this problem (BELL et al. 2003) but see CAMPILLO-GARCÍA et al. 2021 for an update.

Types: Campillo-Garcia et al. 2021 re-determined ZMB 630, another syntype of S. torquatus, as S. t. melanogaster by having undivided supraocular scales, 30 dorsal scales, 41 ventral scales, diffuse dark nuchal collar interrupted by dorsolateral light bands or marks, as well as a series of dark irregular spots that fade over the base of the tail.

Distribution: Not in Guanajuato fide Leyte-Manrique et al. 2022.

Group: S. torquatus group (sensu lato, fide Flores-Villela et al. 2022) 
EtymologyNamed after the Greek melanos, "black," and gaster, "stomach," refer to the black abdomen. 
References
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Campillo-García G, Flores-Villela O, Butler BO, Velasco Vinasco JA, Ramírez Corona F 2021. Hidden diversity within a polytypic species: The enigmatic Sceloporus torquatus Wiegmann, 1828 (Reptilia, Squamata, Phrynosomatidae. Vertebrate Zoology 71: 781-798 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. A contribution to the herpetology of Mexico. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 379-404 - get paper here
  • FLORES-VILLELA, Oscar, SMITH, E. N., CAMPILLO-GARCÍA, Gustavo, MARTÍNEZ-MÉNDEZ, Norberto, & CAMPBELL, J. A. 2022. A new species of Sceloporus of the torquatus group (Reptilia: Phrynosomatidae) from West Mexico. Zootaxa 5134 (2): 286-296 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A., and Gustavo Casas-Andreu. 2008. Standard Spanish, English and Scientific Names of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Mexico. Herpetological Circular 38: 167 p.
  • Rojo-Gutierrez, J. R., Salcido-Rodríguez, I., Amaral-Medrano, D. A., Cruz-Sáenz, D., Rodríguez-López, A., Lazcano, D., ... & Wilson, L. D. 2022. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Western Mexico 27: Amphibians and Reptiles of Palo Gordo, Sierra de Tesistán, Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico. Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society, 57(6), 109-113 - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1952. Third contribution of the herpetology of the Mexican state of San Luis Potosí. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 34 (13): 793-815 - get paper here
  • Tepos-Ramírez M, Garduño-Fonseca FS, Peralta-Robles CA, García-Rubio OR, Cervantes Jiménez R 2023. Annotated checklist of amphibians and reptiles from Querétaro, Mexico, including new records, and comments on controversial species. Check List 19(2): 269-292 - get paper here
  • Williams, Kenneth L.;Smith, Hobart M.;Chrapliwy, Pete S. 1960. Turtles and lizards from Northern Mexico. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science 53 (1/2): 36-45
  • Zweifel, Richard G. 1959. Additions to the herpetofauna of Nayarit, Mexico. American Museum Novitates (1953): 1-13 - get paper here
 
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