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Sceloporus melanorhinus BOCOURT, 1876

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus melanorhinus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesSceloporus melanorhinus calligaster SMITH 1942
Sceloporus melanorhinus melanorhinus BOCOURT 1876
Sceloporus melanorhinus stuarti SMITH 1948 
Common NamesE: Pastel Tree Lizard, Black-nosed Lizard, Southern Black-nosed Lizard
S: Espinosa Nariz Negra
calligaster: Pastel-bellied Spiny Lizard
stuarti: Stuart's Black-nosed Lizard 
SynonymSceloporus melanorhinus BOCOURT 1876
Sceloporus melanorhinus — BOULENGER 1885: 225
Sceloporus melanorhinus — SMITH 1939: 82
Sceloporus melanorhinus melanorhinus — SMITH 1942
Sceloporus melanorhinus melanorhinus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 112
Sceloporus melanorhinus — LINER 1994
Sceloporus melanorhinus — KÖHLER 2000: 85
Sceloporus melanorhinus melanorhinus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus melanorhinus — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015
Sceloporus melanorhinus — CORTÉS-VÁZQUEZ et al. 2022

Sceloporus melanorhinus calligaster SMITH 1942
Sceloporus melanorhinus calligaster SMITH 1942: 360
Sceloporus melanorhinus calligaster — CAMARILLO-RANGEL 1983
Sceloporus melanorhinus calligaster — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus melanorhinus calligaster — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Sceloporus melanorhinus stuarti SMITH 1948
Sceloporus melanorhinus stuarti — ÁLVAREZ DEL TORO & SMITH 1956: 11
Sceloporus melanorhinus stuarti — STUART 1963
Sceloporus melanorhinus stuarti — BELL et al. 2003 
DistributionMexico (Morelos, Durango, México etc.), Guatemala.

melanorhinus: Mexico (Oaxaca). Type locality: Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Oaxaca. Restricted to Tehuantepec (City) by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.

calligaster: Mexico (Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima, Michoacán, Guerrero). Type Locality: Acapulco, Guerrero, Mexico.

stuarti: Type Locality: Finca Caníbal, about 3000 ft. elevation, Huehuetenango, Guatemala.

stuarti: Mexico (Chiapas), Guatemala.  
TypesSyntypes: MNHN-RA 5325, MNHN-RA 5325A-C (4 specimens), collected by F. Sumichrast
Holotype: USNM 112201, collected by H. M. Smith, 3 September 1939 [calligaster].
Holotype: UMMZ 96759, adult male, collected by L. C. Stuart, 18 April 1947 [stuarti] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A large species, maximum snout-vent measurement
105 mm.; dorsal scales much larger than lateral scales, 27 to 33 from
occiput to base of tail; ventral scales 44 to 54, average 49.5; femoral
pores 17 to 24, average 19.5; four or five supraoculars, the last in con-
tact with median head scales, all separated from superciliaries by a
single row of small scales; outer row of labiomentals separated from
mental; two dark bars across snout and top of head; females with
large, more or less square blotches on back; sides of belly blue in
males, the center of abdomen orange. (Smith 1939: 82)

Description: Smith 1939: 82 
EtymologyNamed after the Greek melanos, "black," and rhinos, "nose," refer to the black snout.

calligaster: The name is from the Greek words kalos, "beautiful," and gaster, "belly," and refers to the colorful orange venter in males.

stuarti: The genitive singular word honors L. C. Stuart, who contributed more than any other to the understanding of the herpetofauna of Guatemala. 
  • Aguilar-López JL, Luría-Manzano R, Pineda E, Canseco-Márquez L 2021. Selva Zoque, Mexico: an important Mesoamerican tropical region for reptile species diversity and conservation. ZooKeys 1054: 127-153 - get paper here
  • Álvarez DEL TORO, M., & SMITH, H. M. 1956. Notulae herpetologicae Chiapasiae. I. Herpetologica 12: 3-17 - get paper here
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174 - get paper here
  • Bocourt, F. 1876. Note sur quelques reptiles de l'Isthme de Tehuantepec (Mexique) donnés par M. Sumichrast au museum. Journal de Zoologie. Paris. 5 (5-6): 386-411 - get paper here
  • Bocourt,M.F. 1876. Notes sur quelques reptiles du Mexique. Ann. Sci. Nat. Zool. (6) 3 (12): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Camarillo Rangel, J.L. 1983. New herpetological records from the state of Mexico. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 19(2):39-46 - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • CASTIGLIA,RICCARDO; FLAVIA ANNESI, ALEXANDRA M.R. BEZERRA, ANDRÉS GARCÍA & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2010. Cytotaxonomy and DNA taxonomy of lizards (Squamata, Sauria) from a tropical dry forest in the Chamela-Cuixmala Biosphere Reserve on the coast of Jalisco, Mexico. Zootaxa 2508: 1–29 - get paper here
  • Castro-Franco, Rubén, María Guasalupe Bustos-Zagal 1994. List of reptiles of Morelos, Mexico, and their distribution in relation to vegetation types. Southwestern Naturalist 39 (2): 171-175 - get paper here
  • Cobarrubias, Edgar Flores; Daniel Cruz-Sáenz, and David Lazcano 2012. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Western Mexico 6: Amphibians and Reptiles of Hostotipaquillo, Jalisco, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 47 (2):21-26 - get paper here
  • Cortés-Vázquez, S., Núñez-Carrillo, L. C., Cruz-Sáenz, D., Carrasco-Ortiz, M. A., Rodríguez-López, A., Lazcano, D., ... & Wilson, L. D. 2022. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Western Mexico 29: Herpetofauna of Natural Protected Area “El Diente,” Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico. Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society, 57(10), 177-185 - get paper here
  • Cruz-Sáenz, Daniel, Ángeles Penilla-Juarez and David Lazcano. 2013. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Western Mexico 10: Herpetofauna of the Protected Natural Area “Estero El Salado” and Adjacent Areas in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 48 (9):117-119 - get paper here
  • Hall, W.P. 2009. Chromosome Variation, Genomics, Speciation and Evolution in Sceloporus Lizards. Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 143-165 - get paper here
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Köhler, G. & Heimes, P. 2002. Stachelleguane. Herpeton-Verlag (Offenbach), 174 pp.
  • Leaché, A.D. 2010. Species trees for spiny lizards (Genus Sceloporus): Identifying points of concordance and conflict between nuclear and mitochondrial data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 162–171 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & J.W.Sites, Jr. 2009. Chromosome Evolution and Diversification in North American Spiny Lizards (Genus Sceloporus). Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 166-181 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR 2020. A conservation checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of the State of Mexico, Mexico with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 953: 137-159 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR 2020. A conservation checklist of the herpetofauna of Morelos, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 941: 121-144 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Gadsden-Esparza H, Valdez-Lares R, Woolrich-Piña GA 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, Mexico, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 748: 65-87 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Pierce LJS, Painter CW 2020. The amphibians and reptiles of Colima, Mexico, with a summary of their conservation status. ZooKeys 927: 99-125 - get paper here
  • Loc-barragán J.A., D., Lazcano y G.A Woolrich-Piña. 2018. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Nayarit, Mexico 2: Amphibians and Reptiles of the Municipality of Compostela. Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society 53(10): 205-212
  • LÓPEZ-MONTES, MANUEL A.; FABIO G. CUPUL-MAGAÑA & ARMANDO H. ESCOBEDO-GALVÁN. 2022. Diet of Sceloporus melanorhinus (Reptilia: Phrynosomatidae) in a patch of deciduous forest in Western Mexico. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 17(1): 31–36. - get paper here
  • Luja VH, López JA, Cruz-Elizalde R, Ramírez-Bautista A 2017. Herpetofauna inside and outside from a natural protected area: the case of Reserva Estatal de la Biósfera Sierra San Juan, Nayarit, Mexico. Nature Conservation 21: 15-38 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Palacios-Aguilar, Ricardo & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2018. An updated checklist of the herpetofauna from Guerrero, Mexico. Zootaxa 4422 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Percino-Daniel, Ruth; Erika Cruz-Ocaña, Wilber Pozo-Ventura y Ernesto Velázquez-Velázquez 2013. Diversidad de reptiles en dos microcuencas del río Grijalva, Chiapas, México. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 84: 938-948 - get paper here
  • Rioja-Paradela, T., Carrillo-Reyes, A., Castañeda, G. & López, S. 2013. Diversidad herpetofaunística al norte de la laguna inferior, Istmo de Tehuantepec, Oaxaca, México. Acta Zoológica Mexicana(n.s.) , 29(3): 574-595 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P.;Shannon, Frederick A. 1947. Notes on amphibians and reptiles of Michoacan, Mexico. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 31 (9): 63-85
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart 1942. Mexican herpetological miscellany. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 92 (3153): 349-395 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1948. A new race of the lizard Sceloporus melanorhinus from Guatemala. Natural History Miscellanea (20): 1-3
  • Stuart, L.C. 1963. A checklist of the herpetofauna of Guatemala. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan (No. 122): 1-150 - get paper here
  • Woolrich-Piña, Guillermo A, Paulino Ponce-Campos, Jesús Loc-Barragán, Juan Pablo Ramírez-Silva, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson, Elí García-Padilla and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Nayarit, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (2): 376-448 - get paper here
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