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Sceloporus minor COPE, 1885

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus minor - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesSceloporus minor cyaneus TREVIÑO-SALDAÑA 1988
Sceloporus minor erythrocyaneus MERTENS 1950
Sceloporus minor immucronatus SMITH 1936
Sceloporus minor minor COPE 1885 
Common NamesE: Minor Lizard, Red Minor Lizard
S: Lagartija Menor
E: Northern Blue Mountain Lizard [cyaneus]
S: Lagartija Aspera Azul [cyaneus]
E: Red-spotted Minor Lizard [erythrocyaneus]
S: Menor de Manchas Rojas [erythrocyaneus]
S: Lagartija Menor Azul [immucronatus]
E: Southern Blue Minor Lizard [immucronatus] 
SynonymSceloporus torquatus minor COPE 1885: 402
Sceloporus jarrovii minor — SMITH 1938: 631
Sceloporus jarrovii minor — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 128
Sceloporus torquatus minor — WEBB & AXTELL 1994
Sceloporus minor – WIENS, REEDER & NIETO MONTES DE OCA 1999
Sceloporus jarrovii immucronatus (fide WIENS et al. 1999)
Sceloporus jarrovii minor — WIENS & PENKROT 2002
Sceloporus minor minor — BELL et al. 2003

Sceloporus minor cyaneus TREVIÑO-SALDAÑA 1988
Sceloporus jarrovii cyaneus TREVIÑO-SALDAÑA 1988
Sceloporus minor cyaneus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus minor cyaneus — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Sceloporus minor erythrocyaneus MERTENS 1950
Sceloporus jarrovii erythrocyaneus MERTENS 1950
Sceloporus jarrovii erythrocyaneus — TRAVIÑO-SALDANA 1988
Sceloporus jarrovii erythrocyaneus (fide WIENS et al. 1999)
Sceloporus minor erythrocyaneus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus minor erythrocyaneus — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Sceloporus erythrocyaneus — PÉREZ-RAMOS 2020

Sceloporus minor immucronatus SMITH 1936
Sceloporus jarrovii immucronatus SMITH 1936: 223
Sceloporus jarrovii immucronatus — WIENS & PENKROT 2002
Sceloporus minor immucronatus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus minor immucronatus — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Sceloporus immucronatus — PÉREZ-RAMOS 2020 
DistributionMexico (N Quéretaro and Guanajuato, W Zacatecas, most of San Luis Potosí, to W Nuevo León, Tamaulipas, Coahuila, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Aguascalientes)

cyaneus: Mexico (Nuevo León). Type Locality: Cañon de la Presa de la Boca, Santiago, Nuevo León, Mexico.

erythrocyaneus: Mexico (Querétaro). Type Locality: Cadereyta, Querétaro, Mexico.

immucronatus: W Querétaro through Hidalgo, E San Luis Potosí, SC Veracruz. Type locality: Ten miles north of El Pinalito, Hidalgo.

Type locality: Zacatecas. Restricted to Valparaiso Mountains by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950 and to E Zacatecas by WEBB & AXTELL 1994.  
ReproductionAll species of the torquatus group are ovovivparous. 
TypesLectotype: USNM 26167, collected by A. Dugès, designated by Webb and Axtell (1994).
Holotype: UANL 332, collected on 2 November 1966 by Juan José Velasco-Torres [cyaneus]
Holotype: SMF (Senckenberg Mus. 41 151), collected by H. O. Wagner, 1 September 1949 [erythrocyaneus]
Holotype: FMNH 100056, was EHT and HMS No. 500, Male [immucronatus] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Smith 1939: 229.

Diagnosis (immucronatus): Smith 1939: 230. 
CommentSubspecies: Sceloporus torquatus minor is now treated as an evolutionary species or as a subspecies of S. jarrovii.

Nomenclatural history: “Sceloporus torquatus minor is a name Cope proposed for lizards of the torquatus group from "Zacatecas" in 1885. Subsequently, the epithet minor was transferred to S. jarrovi and the type locality of S. j. minor was restricted to the "Valparaiso Mountains" in western Zacatecas. Our comparison of the two original syntypes of S. j. minor with lizards from the Valparaiso Mountains indicates that they do not represent the same taxon.

Types and type locality: The type locality of S. t. minor Cope is herein restricted to eastern Zacatecas where the resident lizards closely resemble the two syntypes; one of these syntypes (USNM 26167) is designated as the lectotype, the other (USNM 26166) as a paralectotype, of S. t. minor Cope.” (abstract of Webb & Axtell 1994).

Synonymy: S. minor oberon has been synonymized with S. ornatus or, alternatively, suggested to be a subspecies of S. ornatus by MARTINEZ-MENDEZ & MENDEZ-DE LA CRUZ 2007.

Diet: the diet of red males was composed of 12 categories of prey, while that of yellow males was composed of 10 categories; those categories of diet not shared between morphs (e.g., Isoptera, Psocoptera) were consumed by their respective morph in very low proportions. Categories of diet with the highest values of food importance for both groups were Coleoptera, Orthoptera, and leaves; a similar pattern was seen across seasons (García-Rosales et al. 2019). 
EtymologyThe name is the Latin noun minor, "little," and may have referred to a perceived lesser version of S. torquatus.

Etymology (cyaneus): The Latin adjective cyaneus, "dark blue," refers to the blue on the dorsum and limbs.

Etymology (erythrocyaneus): The Greek erythros, "red," and kyaneos, "dark blue," aptly describe this form, pictured in color on the cover of the issue in which it was described.

Etymology (immucronatus): The Latin prefix im-, "not," and nominative singular Latin noun mucronatus "pointed," refer to the weakly pointed (immucronate) body scales. 
  • Arenas-Monroy, J.C., R. A. Carbajal-Márquez, C. I. Grünwald & J. M. Jones, C. M. García-Balderas. 2012. Sceloporus minor (Minor Lizard). Nuevo Registro de Distribución para Jalisco. Herpetological Review 43: 619 - get paper here
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174 - get paper here
  • Carbajal-Márquez, Rubén A. and Gustavo E. Quintero-Díaz 2016. The Herpetofauna of Aguascalientes, México. Revista Mexicana de Herpetología 2(1):
  • Colmenares, María Concepción Puga;; Aurelio Ramírez-Bautista, Raciel Cruz-Elizalde, Aaron García-Rosales & Uriel Hernández-Salinas 2019. Feeding Ecology and Its Relationship with Head Structures in Two Populations of the Lizard Sceloporus minor (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae) from Northern Mexico. Copeia 107 (3): 542-549 - get paper here
  • Contreras-Lozano, Jorge A.; David Lazcano, and Armando J. Contreras-Balderas 2011. Aggregation of Sceloporus minor (Sauria: Phrynosomatidae) from Cerro el Potosí, Nuevo León, Mexico. Southwestern Naturalist 56 (1): 119-120 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. A contribution to the herpetology of Mexico. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 379-404 - get paper here
  • Cruz-Elizalde R, Ramírez-Bautista A, Pineda-López R, Mata-Silva V, DeSantis DL, García-Padilla E, Johnson JD, Rocha A, Fucsko LA, Wilson LD. 2022. The herpetofauna of Querétaro, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 16(1) [General Section]: 148–192 (e308) - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2010. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Queretaro, Mexico. Tlalnepantla UNAM, 428 pp.
  • Falcón-Ordaz, Jorge, and Irene Goyenechea. 2016. Sceloporus minor. Endoparasites. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (3): 729–730 - get paper here
  • Fernández-Badillo, Leonardo & Irene Goyenechea-Mayer Goyenechea 2010. Anfibios y reptiles del valle del Mezquital, Hidalgo, México. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 81: 705- 712
  • Fernández-Badillo, Leonardo; Norma Leticia Manríquez-Morán; Jesús Martín Castillo-Cerón & Irene Goyenechea 2016. Análisis herpetofaunístico de la zona árida del estado de Hidalgo. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 156–170 - get paper here
  • García-Rosales A, Ramírez-Bautista A, Stephenson BP. 2019. Comparative morphology and trophic ecology in a population of the polymorphic lizard Sceloporus minor (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae) from central Mexico. PeerJ 7:e8099 - get paper here
  • García-Rosales, A., R. Cruz-Elizalde, A. Ramírez-Bautista & V. Mata-Silva 2019. Feeding ecology of two populations of Sceloporus minor (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae) inhabiting contrasting environments in central Mexico. Salamandra 55 (2): 103-114 - get paper here
  • García-Rosales, A.; A. Ramírez-Bautista, B.P. Stephenson, R.N. Meza-Lázaro, A. Nieto-Montes de Oca 2017. Comparative morphology and genetics of two populations of spiny lizards (genus Sceloporus) from Central Mexico. Zoologischer Anzeiger 267: 21-30 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. & Heimes, P. 2002. Stachelleguane. Herpeton-Verlag (Offenbach), 174 pp.
  • Lazcano D, Nevárez-de los Reyes M, García-Padilla E, Johnson JD, Mata-Silva V, DeSantis DL, Wilson LD. 2019. The herpetofauna of Coahuila, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13(2) [General Section]: 31–94 (e189) - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Woolrich-Piña GA 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of San Luis Potosí, Mexico, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 753: 83-106 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Coahuila, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 550 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • Leyte-Manrique A, Mata-Silva V, Báez-Montes O, Fucsko LA, DeSantis DL, García-Padilla E, Rocha A, Johnson JD, Porras LW, Wilson LD. 2022. The herpetofauna of Guanajuato, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 16(2) [General Section: 133–180 (e321) - get paper here
  • Leyte-Manrique, Adrian; Efrén M. Hernández Navarro y Luis A. Escobedo-Morales 2015. Herpetofauna de Guanajuato: Un análisis histórico y contemporáneo de su conocimiento. Revista Mexicana de Herpetología 1(1): 1–14
  • Martínez-Méndez, N. & Méndez-De la Cruz, F.R. 2007. Molecular phylogeny of the Sceloporus torquatus species-group (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae). Zootaxa 1609: 53-68 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1950. Ein neuer Zaunleguan (Sceloporus) aus Mexiko. Wochenschrift f. Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde Braunschweig 44: 3-15
  • Nevárez-de-los-Reyes, Manuel, David Lazcano, Elí García-Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The Herpetofauna of Nuevo León, Mexico: Composition, Distribution, and Conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (3): 558–638 - get paper here
  • Pérez-Ramos, Edmundo 2020. Sceloporus immucronatus Smith, 1936 (Squamata: Sauria) and related species from Veracruz, México. Revista de Zoología. 31: 9-26.
  • Ramírez-Bautista, Aurelio; Barry P. Stephenson, Carmen Serrano Muñoz, Raciel Cruz-Elizalde and Uriel Hernández-Salinas 2013. Reproduction and sexual dimorphism in two populations of the polymorphic spiny lizard Sceloporus minor from Hidalgo, México. Acta Zoologica, DOI: 10.1111/azo.12037 - get paper here
  • Ramírez-Bautista, Aurelio; Ramos-Flores, Omar; Stephenson, Barry P.; Smith, Geoffrey R. 2008. Reproduction and sexual dimorphism in two populations of Sceloporus minor of the Guadalcázar Region, San Luis Potosí, Mexico. The Herpetological Journal 18: 121-127 - get paper here
  • Ramirez-Bautista, Aurelio; Stephenson, Barry P.; Serrano Munoz, Carmen; Cruz-Elizalde, Raciel; Hernandez-Salinas, Uriel 2014. Reproduction and sexual dimorphism in two populations of the polymorphic spiny lizard Sceloporus minor from Hidalgo, Mexico. Acta Zoologica 95 (4): 397-408 - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. 1936. Two new subspecies of Mexican lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Copeia 1936 (4): 223-230 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1952. Third contribution of the herpetology of the Mexican state of San Luis Potosí. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 34 (13): 793-815 - get paper here
  • Tepos-Ramírez M, Garduño-Fonseca FS, Peralta-Robles CA, García-Rubio OR, Cervantes Jiménez R 2023. Annotated checklist of amphibians and reptiles from Querétaro, Mexico, including new records, and comments on controversial species. Check List 19(2): 269-292 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Treviño-Saldana, C. H. 1988. A new montane lizard (Sceloporus jarrovi cyaneus) from Nuevo León, Mexico. Revista de Biologia Tropical 36: 407-411 - get paper here
  • Vite-Silva, Victor D.; Aurelio Ramírez-Bautista y Uriel Hernández-Salinas 2010. Diversidad de anfibios y reptiles de la Reserva de la Biosfera Barranca de Metztitlán, Hidalgo, México Diversity of amphibians and reptiles from the Barranca de Metztitlán Biosphera Reserve in Hidalgo, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 81: 473- 485 - get paper here
  • Webb R G. & Axtell R W. 1994. The type locality of Sceloporus torquatus minor Cope, 1885 (Sauria: Iguanidae). Southwestern Naturalist 39 (1): 40-44 - get paper here
  • Wiens, J.J. & Penkrot, T.A. 2002. Delimiting species using DNA and morphological variation and discordant species limits in Spiny Lizards (Sceloporus). Systematic Biology 51 (1): 69-91 - get paper here
  • Wiens,J.J., Reeder,T.W. & Montes de Oca, A.N. 1999. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution of sexual dichromatism among populations of the Yarrow’s Spiny Lizard (Sceloporus jarrovii). Evolution 53 (6): 1884-1897 - get paper here
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