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Sceloporus mucronatus COPE, 1885

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus mucronatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesSceloporus mucronatus mucronatus COPE 1885
Sceloporus mucronatus olsoni WEBB, LEMOS-ESPINAL & SMITH 2002 
Common NamesE: Cleft Lizard, Central Cleft Lizard
S: Espinosa Mucronada
E: Olson's Cleft Lizard [olsoni]
S: Espinosa Mucronada de Olson [olsoni] 
SynonymSceloporus torquatus mucronatus COPE 1885
Sceloporus mucronatus mucronatus — SMITH 1939: 218
Sceloporus mucronatus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 124
Sceloporus mucronatus — LINER 1994
Sceloporus mucronatus mucronatus WEBB, LEMOS-ESPINAL & SMITH 2002
Sceloporus mucronatus mucronatus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus mucronatus — SMITH & LEMOS-ESPINAL 2005

Sceloporus mucronatus olsoni WEBB, LEMOS-ESPINAL & SMITH 2002
Sceloporus mucronatus olsoni — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus mucronatus olsoni — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008 
DistributionMexico (Hidalgo, Veracruz to Chiapas, Puebla, Querétaro)

mucronatus: Mexico (Parts of Hidalgo, Veracruz, Puebla, México, at high elevations). Type locality: Mirador, Veracruz.

olsoni: Mexico. Type Locality: San Juan Acazuchitlán (20°8’33.3”N, 99°36’15.8”W), 2646 m elevation, Estado de México, Mexico.  
Reproductionviviparous (ovoviviparous) 
TypesLectotype: USNM 25077 designated by Smith (1938a). Holotype formerly USNM 25074-9.
Holotype: UCM 61083 (JLE 4503), collected 6 May 2000 by Julio A. Lemos-Espinal [olsoni] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Smith 1939: 218 
CommentSynonymy: OLSON (1998) synonymized Sceloporus mucronatus with Sceloporus poinsettii.

Distribution: not in Oaxaca (MATA-SILVA et al. 2015). Reports from the Sierra de Taxco (Transmexican Volcanic Belt, Guerrero) are S. torquatus fide Pérez-Ramos and Saldaña de la Riva (2008).

Subspecies: Sceloporus mucronatus aureolus SMITH 1942 and Sceloporus mucronatus omiltemanus GÜNTHER 1890 have been elevated to full species status by MARTINEZ-MENDEZ & MENDEZ-DE LA CRUZ 2007. Note that these authors did not even mention olsoni. 
EtymologyThe Latin nominative singular mucronis, "sharp point," and –atus, "pertaining to," refer to the sharply pointed scales on the dorsum.

olsoni: This subspecies honors R. Earl Olson, who has studied Mexican herpetology for many years and who instigated the description of this subspecies. 
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174 - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. A contribution to the herpetology of Mexico. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 379-404 - get paper here
  • Estrada-Flores, E., M. Villagran-Santa Cruz, F.R. Mendez-de la Cruz & G. Casas-Andreu 1990. Gonadal Changes Throughout the Reproductive Cycle of the Viviparous Lizard Sceloporus mucronatus (Sauria: Iguanidae) Herpetologica 46 (1): 43-50. - get paper here
  • Fernández-Badillo, Leonardo; Norma Leticia Manríquez-Morán; Jesús Martín Castillo-Cerón & Irene Goyenechea 2016. Análisis herpetofaunístico de la zona árida del estado de Hidalgo. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 156–170 - get paper here
  • Fitch, H. S. 1978. Sexual size differences in the genus Sceloporus. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 51 (13): 441-461 - get paper here
  • Gehlbach, Frederick R.;Collette, Bruce B. 1957. A contribution to the herpetofauna of the highlands of Oaxaca, Mexico. Herpetologica 13: 227-232 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. C. L. G. 1885. Reptilia and Batrachia. Biologia Centrali-Américana. Taylor, & Francis, London, 326 pp. [published in parts from 1885-1902; reprint by the SSAR 1987] - get paper here
  • Hall, W.P. 2009. Chromosome Variation, Genomics, Speciation and Evolution in Sceloporus Lizards. Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 143-165 - get paper here
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  • Leaché, A.D. 2010. Species trees for spiny lizards (Genus Sceloporus): Identifying points of concordance and conflict between nuclear and mitochondrial data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 162–171 - get paper here
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  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR 2020. A conservation checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Mexico City, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 951: 109-131 - get paper here
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  • Lutterschmidt, William I. 2013. REPTILES IN RESEARCH: INVESTIGATIONS OF ECOLOGY, PHYSIOLOGY, AND BEHAVIOR FROM DESERT TO SEA. Nova Science, New York, 527 pp. - get paper here
  • Martínez-Méndez, N. & Méndez-De la Cruz, F.R. 2007. Molecular phylogeny of the Sceloporus torquatus species-group (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae). Zootaxa 1609: 53-68 - get paper here
  • Méndez de la Cruz, F.R., L.J. Guillette, Jr., M.V.S. Cruz & G. Casas-Andreu 1988. Reproductive and Fat Body Cycles of the Viviparous Lizard, Sceloporus mucronatus (Sauria: Iguanidae) Journal of Herpetology 22 (1): 1-12. - get paper here
  • Olson, R. E. 1998. Sceloporus poinsetti: Its taxonomic affinity with mucronatus. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc., 34 (3): 76-82 - get paper here
  • Olvera-Olvera, C. R., S. C. Flores-Aguilar, I. Goyenechea, and J. Falcón-Ordaz. 2017. Sceloporus mucronatus Cope, 1885. Endoparasites. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(3): 640–641 - get paper here
  • Pérez-Ramos, E. & Saldaña de La Riva, L. 2008. Morphological revision of lizards of the formosus group, genus Sceloporus (Squamata: Sauria) of southern Mexico, with description of a new species. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 44 (3): 77-98 - get paper here
  • Roth-Monzón AJ, Mendoza-Hernández AA, Flores-Villela O. 2018. Amphibian and reptile biodiversity in the semi-arid region of the municipality of Nopala de Villagrán, Hidalgo, Mexico. PeerJ 6: e4202 - get paper here
  • Smith, G.R. & Lemos-Espinal, J.A. 2005. Comparative escape behavior of four species of Mexican Phrynosomatid Lizards. Herpetologica 61 (3): 225-232 - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart 1942. Mexican herpetological miscellany. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 92 (3153): 349-395 - get paper here
  • Tepos-Ramírez M, Garduño-Fonseca FS, Peralta-Robles CA, García-Rubio OR, Cervantes Jiménez R 2023. Annotated checklist of amphibians and reptiles from Querétaro, Mexico, including new records, and comments on controversial species. Check List 19(2): 269-292 - get paper here
  • Torres-Hernández, LA, Ramírez-Bautista A, Cruz-Elizalde R, Hernández-Salinas U, Berriozabal-Islas C, DeSantis DL, Johnson JD, Rocha A, García-Padilla E, Mata-Silva V, Fucsko LA, and Wilson LD. 2021. The herpetofauna of Veracruz, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 15(2) [General Section]: 72–155 - get paper here
  • Vite-Silva, Victor D.; Aurelio Ramírez-Bautista y Uriel Hernández-Salinas 2010. Diversidad de anfibios y reptiles de la Reserva de la Biosfera Barranca de Metztitlán, Hidalgo, México Diversity of amphibians and reptiles from the Barranca de Metztitlán Biosphera Reserve in Hidalgo, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 81: 473- 485 - get paper here
  • Webb, Robert G., Julio Lemos-Espinal, and Hobart M. Smith 2002. A new subspecies of the lizard Sceloporus mucronatus (Sauria, Phrynosomatidae). Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 38(1):1-14 - get paper here
  • Werler, J.E. 1949. Reproduction of Captive Texas and Mexican Lizards Herpetologica 5 (3): 67-70. - get paper here
  • Wiens, J.J. & Penkrot, T.A. 2002. Delimiting species using DNA and morphological variation and discordant species limits in Spiny Lizards (Sceloporus). Systematic Biology 51 (1): 69-91 - get paper here
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