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Sceloporus olivaceus SMITH, 1934

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus olivaceus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Texas Spiny Lizard
S: Espinosa de los Arboles 
SynonymSceloporus olivaceus SMITH 1934
Sceloporus spinosus floridanus STEJNEGER 1893
Sceloporus floridanus MCLAIN 1899 (fide SMITH 1939)
Sceloporus spinosus floridanus — SMITH & LEONARD 1934
Sceloporus olivaceus — SMITH 1939: 110
Sceloporus floridanus — MARR 1944
Sceloporus olivaceus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 117
Sceloporus olivaceus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 106
Sceloporus olivaceus — LINER 1994
Sceloporus olivaceus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus olivaceus — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008 
DistributionUSA (Texas, Oklahoma),
Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosí)

floridanus: Oklahoma (SMITH & LEONARD 1934)

Type locality: Arroyo Los Olmos, 3 miles southeast of Rio Grande City, Starr County, Texas.  
TypesHolotype: INHS (= UIMNH) 25057; original EHT-HMS 29883, field no. EHT-2508, taken 23 August 1931 by E. H. Taylor and J. S. Wright.
Holotype: USNM 2874 [Sceloporus floridanus] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Smith 1939: 110 
EtymologyThe Latin oliva, "olive," and -aceus, pertaining to, refer to the olive-green dorsal coloration, particularly of the holotype and other preserved specimens. 
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174 - get paper here
  • Carman, E. N., G. W. Ferguson, W. H. Gehrmann, T. C. Chen and M. F. Holick. 2000. Photobiosynthetic opportunity and ability for UV-B generated vitamin D synthesis in free-living house geckos (Hemidactylus turcicus) and Texas spiny lizards (Sceloporus olivaceus). Copeia 2000 (1): 245-250 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • De Luna-González, J. M., C. Solís-Rojas and D. Lazcano 2016. Sceloporus olivaceus (Texas Spiny Lizard) predation. Herpetological Review 47(3): 469. - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Eversole, C.B. & Henke, S.E. 2017. Sceloporus olivaceus (Texas Spiny Lizard) Hibernaculum. Herpetological Review 48 (3): 661. - get paper here
  • Jones, J. Paul 1926. The proper name for Sceloporus consobrinus Baird and Girard. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (172): 1-3 - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Kennedy, J. P. 1973. Sceloporus olivaceus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (143): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. & Heimes, P. 2002. Stachelleguane. Herpeton-Verlag (Offenbach), 174 pp.
  • Lazcano D, Nevárez-de los Reyes M, García-Padilla E, Johnson JD, Mata-Silva V, DeSantis DL, Wilson LD. 2019. The herpetofauna of Coahuila, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13(2) [General Section]: 31–94 (e189) - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. 2010. Species trees for spiny lizards (Genus Sceloporus): Identifying points of concordance and conflict between nuclear and mitochondrial data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 162–171 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & J.W.Sites, Jr. 2009. Chromosome Evolution and Diversification in North American Spiny Lizards (Genus Sceloporus). Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 166-181 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Woolrich-Piña GA 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of San Luis Potosí, Mexico, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 753: 83-106 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Coahuila, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 550 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Liner, Ernest A.;Montanucci, Richard R.;González-Alonso, Arturo;Mendoza Quijano, Fernando 1993. An additional contribution to the herpetology of Northern Coahuila, Mexico. Bol. Soc. Herpetol. Mex. 5 (1): 9-11 - get paper here
  • Mallery, C.S., Jr. 2017. Sceloporus olivaceus (Texas Spiny Lizard) Record clutch size, nesting, incubation, and hatchlings. Herpetological Review 48 (4): 855-856 - get paper here
  • Martin, Plul S. 1958. A biogeography of reptiles and amphibians in the Gomez Farias Region, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (101): 1-102 + 7 plates - get paper here
  • McCoid, Michael James;Hensley, David S. 1996. Sceloporus olivaceus (Texas spiny lizard). Size. Herpetological Review 27 (1): 21 - get paper here
  • McLain, Robert Baird 1899. Critical notes on a collection of reptiles from the Western Coast of the United States. Privately published, Wheeling, WV: 1-13 (SSAR Misc. Publ. reprint)
  • Nevárez-de-los-Reyes, Manuel, David Lazcano, Elí García-Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The Herpetofauna of Nuevo León, Mexico: Composition, Distribution, and Conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (3): 558–638 - get paper here
  • Pyburn, William F. 1955. Species discrimination in two sympatric lizards, Sceloporus olivaceus and S. poinsetti. Texas Journal of Science 7 (3): 312-315 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K.P., and D. Owens. 1944. Amphibians and reptiles of northern Coahuila, Mexico. Field Museum of Natural History, Zoological Series. Chicago. 29: 97-115. - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M., & Burger, W.L. 1950. Herpetological results of the University of Illinois field expedition, Spring 1949. III. Sauria. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 53 (2): 165-175 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. 1934. Descriptions of new lizards of the genus Sceloporus from Mexico and Southern United States. Trans Kansas Acad. Sci. 37: 263-285 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M., D. Chiszar & W. Marmie 1991. Peripheral variation in the lizard Sceloporus olivaceus, and its hybridization with S. undulatus Bull. Maryland Herpetol. Soc., 27(3): 128-145. - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1939. An annotated list of the Mexican amphibians and reptiles in the Carnegie Museum. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 27: 311-320
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1946. The status of Sceloporus floridanus Baird. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 31 (4): 103-106 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M.;Chiszar, David 1994. Sceloporus olivaceus (Texas spiny lizard). USA: Texas. Herpetological Review 25 (2): 76 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M.;Leonard, Arthur B. 1934. Distributional records of reptiles and amphibians in Oklahoma. American Midland Naturalist 15: 190-196 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L.H. 1893. Annotated list of the reptiles and batrachians collected by the Death Valley Expedition in 1891, with descriptions of new species. North American Fauna, No. 7: 159-228 (+ 14 plates + 4 maps) - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Weidler, J M 2019. Protected areas of Texas in relation to Texas reptiles. Herpetological Review 50 (3): 462-473 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2018. Der Große Treck. Teil 6: Den Rio Grande entlang. Reptilia 23 (130): 68-78
  • Woolam, L A & Meik, J M; 2019. Sceloporus olivaceus (Texas Spiny Lizard) Unnatural mortality. Herpetological Review 50 (3): 581 - get paper here
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